Book Of Ruth
Chapter 1: 11-18
J. Deering, AncientPath.net
|RUTH 1:11-18 "Ruth's Return"|
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Translation Notes, Cross References, Full Outline, Full Outline with Text
Book of Ruth, Chapter 1:11-18, ”Ruth's Return”
Return Home (Heb: shuwb shuwb, turn_back, turn_back)
Daughters (Heb: bath, literally and figuratively used of a daughter)
go with (Heb: yalak, walk with)
are there any sons in my womb (Heb: me'ah, uterus, the soft places)
might (HEb: lay'il, should there be a twist [as in twist of fate] or a change in the light [moving shadow, change from night to day])
Return Home (Heb: shuwb shuwb, turn_back, turn_back)
hope (Heb: tiqvah, expectation, something tied to me by a cord)
tarry (Heb: sabar, hope, expect)
grown (Heb: gadal, make large in body, mind, estate, or honor)
bitter (Heb: marar, either bitter for me, or I am bitter for you)
has gone out (Heb: yatsa', has drawn forth, in the end)
wept again (Heb: 'owd, wept continually)
Orpah kissed (Heb: nashaq, literally "touched," sometimes used of a kiss [also used of men begin equipped with weapons!])
clung (Heb: dabaq, to catch by pursuit)
going back (Heb: shuwb, turned back)
gods (Heb: 'elohiym, depending on context - god, gods or the Supreme God)
Return Home (Heb: shuwb, turn back)
Notes (public domain)
gone back (
her gods (
Henry Notes (public domain)
Verses 15-18. See Ruth's resolution, and her good affection to Naomi. Orpah was loth to part from her; yet she did not love her well enough to leave Moab for her sake. Thus, many have a value and affection for Christ, yet come short of salvation by him, because they will not forsake other things for him. They love him, yet leave him, because they do not love him enough, but love other things better. Ruth is an example of the grace of God, inclining the soul to choose the better part. Naomi could desire no more than the solemn declaration Ruth made. See the power of resolution; it silences temptation. Those that go in religious ways without a steadfast mind, stand like a door half open, which invites a thief; but resolution shuts and bolts the door, resists the devil and forces him to flee.
don't urge me to leave you (Heb: 'amar paga azab shuwb, by accident or violence, do not make me turn back)
where you go (Heb: 'el yalak, if you go forward I will go forward)
where you stay (Heb: luwn luwn, where you stay, I will stay)
do so to me (Heb yacaph, again and again)
The Book of Ruth, Chapter 1:11-18, "Ruth's Return"
But Naomi said, "Return, my daughters. Why should you go with me? Have I yet sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
"Return, my daughters! Go, for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have hope, if I should even have a husband tonight and also bear sons
Deuteronomy 25:5-10 (see note on "Levirate marriage" in NASB Ryrie Study Bible)
would you therefore wait until they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters; for it is harder for me than for you, for the hand of the LORD has gone forth against me."
And they lifted up their voices and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.
Then she said, "Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and her gods; return after your sister-in-law."
Numbers 21:29, Kings 11:7 - Chermosh was the national god of Moab
2 Kings 3:26-27 - Gods of Moab (see note in NASB Ryrie Study Bible)
But Ruth said, "Do not urge me to leave you or turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God.
"Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus may the LORD do to me, and worse, if anything but death parts you and me."
1 Samuel 3:17
2 Kings 6:31
When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her.
FULL OUTLINE (D. Levy) (Revised)
FULL OUTLINE WITH TEXT
Ruth's Relationships 1:1-5
Statesmen: Judges Ruled 1:1,
Sojourn to Moab: 1:1-2 Now it came about in the days when the judges governed, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to sojourn in the land of Moab with his wife and his two sons. 2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife, Naomi; and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem in Judah. Now they entered the land of Moab and remained there.
Sorrow in Moab: 1:3-5 Then Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died; and she was left with her two sons.
Sisters-in-law: 1:4a And they took for themselves Moabite women as wives; the name of the one was Orpah and the name of the other Ruth.
Stay in Moab: 1:4b And they lived there about ten years. 5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died; and the woman was bereft of her two children and her husband.
Sustained Sorrow in Moab 1:5 Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died; and the woman was bereft of her two children and her husband.
Ruth's Resolve 1:6-10
The Plan 1:6a Then she arose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the land of Moab,
The Provision 1:6b for she had heard in the land of Moab that the LORD had visited His people in giving them food.
The Passage: 1:7 So she departed from the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah.
The Plea: 1:8 And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go, return each of you to her mother's house. May the LORD deal kindly with you as you have dealt with the dead and with me.
The Prayer: 1:9 "May the LORD grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband." Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept
The Preference: 1:10 And they said to her, "No, but we will surely return with you to your people.
Ruth's Return 1:11-18
Daughters-in-law Directed: 1:11 But Naomi said, "Return, my daughters. Why should you go with me? Have I yet sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
Discouragement: 1:12 "Return, my daughters! Go, for I am too old to have a husband. If I said I have hope, if I should even have a husband tonight and also bear sons,
Despair: 1:13 would you therefore wait until they were grown? Would you therefore refrain from marrying? No, my daughters; for it is harder for me than for you, for the hand of the LORD has gone forth against me."
Departure: 1;14a And they lifted up their voices and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law,
Devotion: 1:14b but Ruth clung to her.
Desire: 1:15 Then she said, "Behold, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and her gods; return after your sister-in-law."
Dedication: 1:16-17 But Ruth said, "Do not urge me to leave you or turn back from following you; for where you go, I will go, and where you lodge, I will lodge. Your people shall be my people, and your God, my God. 17 "Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Thus may the LORD do to me, and worse, if anything but death parts you and me."
Determination: 1:18 When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she said no more to her.
Ruth's Reception 1:19-22
Sojourn: 1:19a So they both went until they came to Bethlehem.
Surprise: 1:19b And it came about when they had come to Bethlehem, that all the city was stirred because of them, and the women said, "Is this Naomi?"
Sorrow: 1:20a And she said to them, "Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara,
Situation: 1:20b for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.
Sorry: 1:21-22 "I went out full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the LORD has witnessed against me and the Almighty has afflicted me?" 22 So Naomi returned, and with her Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, who returned from the land of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.
Ruth's Reaping Ruth 2:1-23
Guidance to Boaz's Field: 2:1-3
Boaz: 2:1 Now Naomi had a kinsman of her husband, a man of great wealth, of the family of Elimelech, whose name was Boaz.
Let Me Go 2:2 And Ruth the Moabitess said to Naomi, "Please let me go to the field and glean among the ears of grain after one in whose sight I may find favor." And she said to her, "Go, my daughter."
Go, My Daughter 2:3 So she departed and went and gleaned in the field after the reapers; and she happened to come to the portion of the field belonging to Boaz, who was of the family of Elimelech.
Gleaners in Boaz's Field 2:4-7
Boaz Arrives 2:4 Now behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem and said to the reapers, "May the LORD be with you." And they said to him, "May the LORD bless you."
Who Is This? 2:5 Then Boaz said to his servant who was in charge of the reapers, "Whose young woman is this?"
The Moabitess 2:6 And the servant in charge of the reapers answered and said, "She is the young Moabite woman who returned with Naomi from the land of Moab.
Please Let Me Glean 2:7 "And she said, 'Please let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves.' Thus she came and has remained from the morning until now; she has been sitting in the house for a little while."
Grace from Boaz: 2:8-14
Stay Here 2:8 Then Boaz said to Ruth, "Listen carefully, my daughter. Do not go to glean in another field; furthermore, do not go on from this one, but stay here with my maids.
Provision 2:9 "Let your eyes be on the field which they reap, and go after them. Indeed, I have commanded the servants not to touch you. When you are thirsty, go to the water jars and drink from what the servants draw."
Why Favor Me? 2:10 Then she fell on her face, bowing to the ground and said to him, "Why have I found favor in your sight that you should take notice of me, since I am a foreigner?"
I Have Been Told 2:11 And Boaz answered and said to her, "All that you have done for your mother-in-law after the death of your husband has been fully reported to me, and how you left your father and your mother and the land of your birth, and came to a people that you did not previously know.
Boaz Blesses 2:12 "May the LORD reward your work, and your wages be full from the LORD, the God of Israel, under whose wings you have come to seek refuge."
Ruth's Thanks 2:13 Then she said, "I have found favor in your sight, my lord, for you have comforted me and indeed have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants."
Abundance From Boaz 2:14 And at mealtime Boaz said to her, "Come here, that you may eat of the bread and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar." So she sat beside the reapers; and he served her roasted grain, and she ate and was satisfied and had some left..
Gleaning from Boaz's field: 2:15-18
Don't embarrass Her 2:15 When she rose to glean, Boaz commanded his servants, saying, "Let her glean even among the sheaves, and do not insult her.
Provide For Her 2:16 "And also you shall purposely pull out for her some grain from the bundles and leave it that she may glean, and do not rebuke her."
Ruth's Abundance 2:17-18 So she gleaned in the field until evening. Then she beat out what she had gleaned, and it was about an ephah of barley. 18 And she took it up and went into the city, and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. She also took it out and gave Naomi what she had left after she was satisfied.
Glad for Blessing: 2:19-23
I Gleaned With Boaz 2:19 Her mother-in-law then said to her, "Where did you glean today and where did you work? May he who took notice of you be blessed." So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked and said, "The name of the man with whom I worked today is Boaz."
The Kinsman-Redeemer 2:20 And Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, "May he be blessed of the LORD who has not withdrawn his kindness to the living and to the dead." Again Naomi said to her, "The man is our relative, he is one of our closest relatives."
Safety in Boaz's Field 2:21-23 Then Ruth the Moabitess said, "Furthermore, he said to me, 'You should stay close to my servants until they have finished all my harvest.'" 22 And Naomi said to Ruth her daughter-in-law, "It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his maids, lest others fall upon you in another field." 23 So she stayed close by the maids of Boaz in order to glean until the end of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest. And she lived with her mother-in-law.
Ruth's Rest Ruth 3:1-18
Plan: 3:1-4 Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, shall I not seek security for you, that it may be well with you? 2 "And now is not Boaz our kinsman, with whose maids you were? Behold, he winnows barley at the threshing floor tonight. 3 "Wash yourself therefore, and anoint yourself and put on your best clothes, and go down to the threshing floor; but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. 4 "And it shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do."
Promise: 3:5 And she said to her, "All that you say I will do.
Promptness: 3:6 So she went down to the threshing floor and did according to all that her mother-in-law had commanded her.
Presence: 3:7 When Boaz had eaten and drunk and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of grain; and she came secretly, and uncovered his feet and lay down.
Predicament: 3:8-9 And it happened in the middle of the night that the man was startled and bent forward; and behold, a woman was lying at his feet. 9 And he said, "Who are you?" And she answered, "I am Ruth your maid. So spread your covering over your maid, for you are a close relative."
Praise: 3:10 Then he said, "May you be blessed of the LORD, my daughter. You have shown your last kindness to be better than the first by not going after young men, whether poor or rich.
Protection: 3:11 "And now, my daughter, do not fear. I will do for you whatever you ask, for all my people in the city know that you are a woman of excellence.
Problem: 3:12-14 "And now it is true I am a close relative; however, there is a relative closer than I. 13 "Remain this night, and when morning comes, if he will redeem you, good; let him redeem you. But if he does not wish to redeem you, then I will redeem you, as the LORD lives. Lie down until morning." 14 So she lay at his feet until morning and rose before one could recognize another; and he said, "Let it not be known that the woman came to the threshing floor."
Provision: 3:15 Again he said, "Give me the cloak that is on you and hold it." So she held it, and he measured six measures of barley and laid it on her. Then she went into the city.
Progress: 3:16-18 And when she came to her mother-in-law, she said, "How did it go, my daughter?" And she told her all that the man had done for her. 17 And she said, "These six measures of barley he gave to me, for he said, 'Do not go to your mother-in-law empty-handed.'" 18 Then she said, "Wait, my daughter, until you know how the matter turns out; for the man will not rest until he has settled it today."
Ruth's Reward Ruth 4:1-22
Gate Conference: 4:1-12
Boaz At The Gate: 4:1-2 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there, and behold, the close relative of whom Boaz spoke was passing by, so he said, "Turn aside, friend, sit down here." And he turned aside and sat down. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city and said, "Sit down here." So they sat down.
Boaz And The Closest Relative 4:3-8 Then he said to the closest relative, "Naomi, who has come back from the land of Moab, has to sell the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimelech. 4 "So I thought to inform you, saying, 'Buy it before those who are sitting here, and before the elders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if not, tell me that I may know; for there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am after you.'" And he said, "I will redeem it." 5 Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also acquire Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of the deceased, in order to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance." 6 And the closest relative said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I jeopardize my own inheritance. Redeem it for yourself; you may have my right of redemption, for I cannot redeem it." 7 Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning the redemption and the exchange of land to confirm any matter: a man removed his sandal and gave it to another; and this was the manner of attestation in Israel. 8 So the closest relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." And he removed his sandal.
Boaz Seals The Deal 4:9-10 Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, "You are witnesses today that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and Mahlon. 10 "Moreover, I have acquired Ruth the Moabitess, the widow of Mahlon, to be my wife in order to raise up the name of the deceased on his inheritance, so that the name of the deceased may not be cut off from his brothers or from the court of his birth place; you are witnesses today."
Boaz And The Blessing 4:11-12 And all the people who were in the court, and the elders, said, "We are witnesses. May the LORD make the woman who is coming into your home like Rachel and Leah, both of whom built the house of Israel; and may you achieve wealth in Ephrathah and become famous in Bethlehem. 12 "Moreover, may your house be like the house of Perez whom Tamar bore to Judah, through the offspring which the LORD shall give you by this young woman."
Gentile's Conception: 4:13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife, and he went in to her. And the LORD enabled her to conceive, and she gave birth to a son.
Great Celebration: 4:14-17
A Child 4:14-15a Then the women said to Naomi, "Blessed is the LORD who has not left you without a redeemer today, and may his name become famous in Israel. 15 "May he also be to you a restorer of life and a sustainer of your old age;
A Daughter 4:15b-16 for your daughter-in-law, who loves you and is better to you than seven sons, has given birth to him." 16 Then Naomi took the child and laid him in her lap, and became his nurse.
A Servant 4:17 And the neighbor women gave him a name, saying, "A son has been born to Naomi!" So they named him Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
Genealogy Confirmed: 4:18-22 Now these are the generations of Perez: to Perez was born Hezron, 19 and to Hezron was born Ram, and to Ram, Amminadab, 20 and to Amminadab was born Nahshon, and to Nahshon, Salmon, 21 and to Salmon was born Boaz, and to Boaz, Obed, 22 and to Obed was born Jesse, and to Jesse, David.
|RUTH 1:11-18 "Ruth's Return"|
|1. Master Study||2. Visualized Text||3. Outline With Text||4. Reference Materials||5. Questions|
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