Robert Duncan Culver

Table Of Contents




Editor’s Note

In order to make the notes more readable to the reader, we have taken the liberty in this edition of Dr. Culver’s notes to revise the outline numbering scheme and relocated many of the references and comments that are in the text body to footnotes.


Expository and Explanatory Lectures on the Book of Daniel - INTRODUCTION

Table of Contents

I.       Chapter 1: The Historical Background
    A.      Introduction
    B.      Circumstances Providing the Setting of the Story and of the Book (1-5)
        1.     The Time
        2.     The Providence of God
        3.     The Transportation of Temple Vessels
        4.     The Transportation of Daniel and His Friends
        5.     The Training of Daniel and His Friends for Court Service at Babylon
    C.      Events Placing the Author in the Position He Holds Throughout the Book (5-20)
        1.     The Crisis of Right Living (5)
        2.     The Decision for Right Living (8)
        3.     Procedures for Right Living—The Elements of Moral Heroism (8b-14)
        4.     The Rewards of Right Living (15-21)
    D.     Conclusion

II.      Chapter 2: Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream
    A.      Introduction
    B.      The Reception of the Dream (2:1)
    C.      The Test by Use of the Dream (2-6)
    D.     The Revelation of the Dream (2:7-23)
        1.     The Failure of the Wise Men (2:7-12)
        2.     The Success of Daniel (2:13-23)
    E.      The Telling of the Dream (2:24-35)
    F.      The Interpretation of the Dream (2:36b-45)
        1.     The head of gold (2:37, 38)
        2.     The belly and thighs of brass (2:39a)
        3.     The Belly and Thighs (Aramaic, buttocks) of Brass (2:39b)
        4.     The Legs of Iron and Feet of Iron and Clay (2:40-43)
        5.     The Stone Which Smites the Image and Becomes a Great Mountain (2:44, 45 cf. 34, 35)
    G.     The Rewards for Interpretation of the Dream (2:46-49)

III.         CHAPTER 3: Three Heroes in a Fiery Furnace
    A.      Introduction
    B.      The Opposition to Faith (3:1, 8)
    C.      The Temptation of Faith (3:2-15)
        1.     Temptation to Perversion of their Faith
        2.     To Compromise of their Faith
        3.     To Concealment of Their Faith
    D.     The Demonstration of Faith (3:16-18)
    E.      The Salvation Wrought Through Faith (3:19-30)
        1.     By faith they were loosed from their bonds.
        2.     By faith they were protected from all harm.
        3.     By faith they were confronted in trial.
        4.     By faith God was glorified.
        5.     By faith God's servants were rewarded.

IV.         Chapter 4: The Dream of a High Tree
A.      Introduction
    B.      Introductory Matters (4:1-9)
        1.     Salutation of a State Paper (4:1-3)
        2.     Circumstances at Court Leading up to the Proclamation (4: 4-9)
    C.      Narration of the Dream (vv. 10 - 18)
        1.     The tree
        2.     The Watcher
        3.     The Decree
        4.     The Authority and Intent of the Decree
        5.     The King’s Appeal
    D.     Interpretation of the Dream (4:19-27)
        1.     An Ominous Hint
        2.     Interpretation of the Tree
        3.     Interpretation of the Watcher
        4.     Interpretation of the Decree
        5.     The Advice of Daniel (v. 27)
    E.      Fulfillment of the Dream (vv. 28 - 33)
    F.      Conclusion; Restoration of the King (4:34-37)

V.     CHAPTER FIVE: Belshazzar’s Feast
A.      Introduction
    B.      Pleasure, the Pursuit of Belshazzar’s Feast (5:1-4)
        1.     It was sinfully sensual
        2.     It was unrestrained
        3.     It was sacrilegious
        4.     It was stupid
    C.      A Portent, Gods Contribution to Belshazzar2s Feast (5:5, 6)
        1.     The sign came suddenly—"in the same hour."
        2.     The sign was mysterious
        3.     It was ruthless
        4.     It was terrifying
    D.     Perplexity, the Effect of this Visitation at Belshazzar’s Feast (5:7-9)
    E.      Pronouncement of Doom, Daniel's Contribution to Belshazzar's Feast (5:10-29)
        1.     The queen-mother's visit and suggestion (5:10-12)
        2.     The Entrance of Daniel (5:13-16)
        3.     The Message of Daniel (5:17-24)
        4.     Interpretation of the Handwriting by Daniel (5:25-28)
    F.      The End of the Feast of Belshazzar (5:30, 31)

VI.         CHAPTER SIX: Daniel in the Lion’s Den
A.      Introduction
    B.      The Position of Daniel (6:1-3)
    C.      The Plot against Daniel (6:4-9)
    D.     The Prayer of Daniel (6:10, 11)
        1.     Daniel's prayer was courageous
        2.     Daniel's prayer was truly pious
        3.     Daniel's prayer was according to the word of God
    E.      The Success of the Plot against Daniel (6:11-17)
        1.         They plotted against him
        2.     They portrayed him as a traitor
        3.     The plot involved the king
        4.     Daniel’s death was their goal
    F.      God's Answer to Daniel's Prayer (6:17-28)
        1.     If he prayed for the king
        2.     If he prayed for himself
        3.     If he prayed for God’s glory

VII.        CHAPTER SEVEN:Four Beasts, the Ancient of Days, and the Son of Man
A.      Introduction
    B.      The Historical Setting (7:1)
    C.      The Details of Daniel's Visions (7:2-14, 21, 22)
        1.     The first beast
        2.     The second beast
        3.     The third boast
        4.     The fourth beast
        5.     The Ancient of Days and the Son of Man
        6.     The War of the "little horn" with the "saints"
    D.     The Method of interpreting Daniel's Visions (7:15, 16)
    E.      Details of Interpretation of Daniel's Visions (7:17-20, 23-27)
        1.     The lesser emphasis: the four beasts in relation to God's kingdom
        2.     The greater emphasis: the final form of the fourth beast in relation to the kingdom of God.
        3.     The end of the vision
    F.      Conclusion

VIII.       Chapter Eight: A Ram, a Goat, and a Little Horn
    A.      Introduction
    B.      The Historical Introduction (8:1)
    C.      The Visions (8:2-14)
        1.     The scene of his visions (8:2)
        2.     The vision of a ram (8:3, 4)
        3.     The Vision of the he goat (8:5)
        4.     The victory of the he goat over the ram (8:7)
        5.     The vision of the final growth and division of the "notable" horn's dominion (8:8)
        6.     The vision of the "little horn" and his conflict with Israel (8:9-14)
        7.     Gabriel, the revealing angel (8:15-16)
        8.     The effect of the vision on Daniel (8:17, 18)
        9.     The scope of the prophecy (8:19)
        10.        Medo-Persia, Greece, Alexander, and his successors (8:20-22)
        11.        "…the king of fierce countenance" (8:23-26)
    D.     The Historical Conclusion (8:27)

IX.         Chapter 9: The Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks
    A.      Introduction
    B.      The Historical Setting of the Prophecy (9:1, 2)
    C.      The Exemplary Prayer of the Prophet (9:3-19)
    D.     The Angelic Messenger of the Prophecy (9:20-23)
    E.      The Great Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks (9:24-27)
        1.     The Special Character of the Seventy Weeks
        2.     The First 69 of the Weeks
        3.     The Hiatus between 69th and 70th Week
        4.     The Seventieth Week

X.      Chapter 10: A Vision of God
    A.      Introduction
    B.      The Circumstances of the Revelation (10:1-4)
    C.      The Description of the Revelation and of its effect (10:5-9)
    D.     The Strengthening of the Prophet to Receive a Message (10:10-12, 15-19)
    E.      The Conflicts of the Angelic Messenger (10:13, 20, 21)
    F.      Prophecy of the Immediate Future of Israel in Relation to the Nations (11:1-35)
        1.     Prophecy of the Medes and Persians (11:1, 2)
        2.     Prophecy of the Greeks and of Alexander (11:3, 4)
        3.     Prophecy concerning Syria and Egypt (11:5-35)

XI.         Chapter 11: A Summary of Old Testament Eschatology
    A.      Introduction
    B.      Prophecy Concerning the Future "Willful King" (11:36-45)
    C.      Prophecy Concerning the Great Tribulation of Israel (12:1)
    D.     Prophecy Concerning the Final Reward of the Righteous (12:3)
    E.      Final Prophecies and Instructions (12:4-13)
        1.     The disposition of the book
        2.     Lord: How long?
        3.     What shall the end be like?

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