Clarence E. Mason's "OLD
The History of Israel: Addendum
QUESTIONS ON OLD TESTAMENT HISTORY
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- Pages 1 - 4
- What are the three periods
of Bible history?
- What are the two main divisions
of period one?
- By what name are the books
written during Period Two called?
- What two reasons make the
Intertestament period of interest to students of Scripture?
- What is meant by SRB?
- What is meant by ASV?
- Name three helpful collateral
books and their authors.
- Pages 5 - 8
- What are the five main points
of the outline of Genesis 1-11?
- Summarize in a good paragraph
the inadequacy of evolution as an explanation of the origin of things.
- Why is “theistic evolution”
an unsatisfactory explanation?
- What is the date of the creation
of the universe? State precisely the three views.
- Approximately how long has
man been on the earth according to: (1) Hebrew chronology; (2) Septuagint
- What two names of God are
used in Genesis 1 and 2, and what is their significance according to SRB?
- Underline in your Bible and
list here the important (and often repeated) words and phrases of Genesis
1 and 2.
- Tell what thing (or things)
God made on each of the six days.
- What did God do in the seventh
day? Of what is the seventh day’s rest typical? (Note definition of a
type, SRB, p. 4, end of n. 4; also SRB title of ch.2)
- Prove that the universe is
- What bearing does the often
repeated phrase “after its kind” have on modern theories of the evolution
of plant, animal, and human life?
- What does the account of
the first marriage (2:18-25) teach regarding:
- The divine institution
- Its permanence
- God’s blessing upon it
- God’s command of procreation
- Pages 8-10
- According to John 8:44, Rev.
12:9, who spoke to Eve through the serpent?
- Of what are the coats of
skins (3:21) a type? (SRB, p. 10, n. 1)
- How did the fall affect Adam
and Eve’s residence in Eden?
- Diagram the lines of descent
of Cain and Seth.
- Write a good paragraph of
the SRB view that “the sons of God” are the Sethite line.
- Write a good summary of the
second view as to the meaning of “the sons of God.”
- Summarize chapters 6, 7,
8, 9, using one sentence for each. Note example: “Chapter 6: ‘Conditions
which gave rise to the flood, announcement of the flood.”
- Make two diagrams of the
ark—one, showing its length and width; the other, its length and height.
Give measurements in each case, in feet, not cubits.
- List the references to time
in chapters 7 and 8. How long did the deluge continue? How long was the
earth covered? How long did Noah remain in the ark?
- What was God’s sign that
He would not send another flood of water? (Cp. 2 Pet. 3:5-7)
- Of what is the ark a type?
(SRB, p. 13, n.3)
- What is the College’s view
as to the extent of the flood and why?
- Pages 11-16
- Name the four patriarchs
of Genesis 12-50.
- Summarize the chief features
of God’s covenant with Abraham.
- Draw a map (you may copy
one from an atlas) of the Bible world. Indicate on it the cities connected
with Abraham’s life. By means of a line connecting those places and arrows
to show direction of movement, show Abraham’s journeys from Ur to his
death at Hebron. (Any Bible atlas has a section on Bible geography which
could be read with great profit. )
- Note the time element in
the story of Abraham’s life; list them and seek to give Abraham’s age
at as many events of his life as possible.
- What lessons can be drawn
from the origin of the Ishmaelitcs (Arabs, Gen. 17:20) and the Moabites
and Ammonites (Gen. 19:37-38)? (These peoples became the ancient enemies
- Make an appraisal of Abraham’s
- a. What sort of a city has
archaeology shown Ur to be?
- What customs, brought to
light by archaeology, throw light on the stories of Eliezcr and Hagar
(Gen. 15:2-3; 16:3-4)?
- Describe where Sodom and
Gomorrah were located in terms of present geography of Palestine.
- Of what docs Genesis 26 remind
you, and what is the lesson of this reminder?
- Pages 16-18
- Read Romans 9:6-12. (Do not
mix with v. 13 which was said through Malachi 1500 years later.) In your
own words tell what this seems to be saying as to God’s selection of Jacob,
the second son.
- Make another map of Bible
lands; trace upon it Jacob’s travels, just as you did Abraham’s.
- Learn the names of the sons
(and daughter) of Jacob and associate them with their respective mother.
- Explain the matter of Jacob’s
“wages” in the light of the custom of a “bride-price.”
- Laban’s words at Mizpah (31:49)
are sometimes considered a benediction. Why would they better be called
- Make a map of Joseph’s journeys.
- The phrase “the Lord was
with Joseph” is the key to Joseph’s life. List as many facts and events
which illustrate this phrase as you can find in chapters 37-50.
- Explain how it happened that
Joseph was so well received by Pharaoh.
- How were crops made possible
- In what part of Egypt was
- Griffith Thomas said of one
verse in Genesis 50: “This verse is the Romans 8:28 of the Old Testament.”
Which verse do you think he meant?
- Pages 19-23
- How may the section Exodus
1 to Deuteronomy 34 be entitled?
- What dates do we give for
(1) the death of Joseph; (2) the beginning of oppression in Egypt ; (3)
the Exodus; (4) the death of Moses?
- Draw the chart on the books
of Moses (p. 20).
- Prove from the Bible that
three different Pharaohs are referred to in Exodus 1-14.
- How old was Moses (1) when
he fled Egypt for Midian; (2) when he led Israel out of Egypt; (3) when
he died? (Use Ex. 1-2; Acts 7; Heb. 11)
- What lesson might be drawn
from Moses* age at the time he delivered Israel from Egypt?
- List some ways in which Moses*
experiences recorded in Exodus 2 helped to prepare him for his life’s
- Contrast Moses’ attitude
when first he attempted to lead his people to freedom (Ex. 2:11 -15; Acts
7:23 -29) with his attitude when God finally called him to the task (Ex.
- Make a list of the ten plagues,
- What relationship exists
between the Passover and the Lord’s Supper (Mt. 26:17-30)?
- Draw a map, tracing the journeys
of Israel from Egypt to Sinai.
- Sometimes God uses natural
means to perform a miracle. What means are we told God used at the Red
Sea (Ex. 14)?
- List some of the miraculous
provisions for Israel’s life while in the wilderness (Ex. 13:21-22; 15:26
; 16:15; 17:6).
- Name the stopping places
on the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai (Ex. 15:22-18:27 ), giving references
and stating what happened at each stop.
- Pages 23-28
- How was God’s holiness shown
at Sinai (Ex. 19, 24)?
- What are the three divisions
of the law of Moses (SRB, p. 95, n. 1)?
- Draw a simple floor-plan
of the tabernacle and its court, showing where the articles of furniture
- List, with references, the
seven principal kinds of offerings to be brought to the Lord by the people
of Israel (Lev. 1-7).
- What lessons may be learned
from the story of Nadab and Abihu?
- What lessons are drawn from
Israel’s refusal to enter Canaan (Num. 14) in 1 Corinthians 10 and Hebrews
3 and 4?
- Draw a map of Transjordan
. Indicate the areas inhabited by Edom, Moab, Amorites, Ammonites. Locate
the Jabbok, Arnon, and Zered rivers. Locate Pisgah, the Plains of Moab,
- List, with references, the
campaigns fought in Numbers 20 and 21.
- Indicate on your Transjordan
map the areas occupied by Reuben, Gad, and half of Manasseh.
- What about the finds at Megiddo
- What is meant by “the Pittsburgh
of the Ancient East”? Discuss.
- Explain the tendency toward
multiplication of wives in an Eastern king’s court and state the effect
on Solomon of his wives.
- Name the three books by Solomon
preserved in our Bible and explain the order of their writing.
- Pages 45-55
- State at least four important
causes of the disruption of the kingdom.
- Draw a map showing Judah,
Israel, and Syria during the D.K. (Note the difference between Syria and
Assyria; they are two different nations.) Show cities which appear in
the history, especially border cities.
- Draw the chart (p. 46) of
the two kingdoms.
- Why did the southern kingdom
last longer than the northern one?
- Discuss the problem of harmonizing
the chronology of the D.K.
- Distinguish between the false
and the true prophet in 1 Ki. 13. Did the false prophet utter any true
prophecy? When was the prophecy of 13:2 fulfilled?
- Make a chart of the prophets
during the D.K. period, noting for each prophet:
- When he speaks for a
- When he speaks against
- When he is injured or
killed by a king.
- How do you account for
the sparse references in the third column?
- In what did Baasha’s sin
consist? How did God punish him for his sin?
- What pattern do you see in
the reigns of the first four kings of Israel—in length of reign, and cause
and means of their fall?
- Note the sins of Rehoboam
(1 Ki. 14:22-24). Where earlier in the narrative did you read of such
things? What precedent had Rehoboam for doing these things?
- What battle did Asa fight
against a southern foe? What spiritual lesson may be learned from this
- List Jehoshaphat’s reforms.
Note especially the place of the Scriptures (“the book of the Law”) in
the revival which took place in Jehoshaphat’s reign. What lesson do you
learn from this?
- List Jehoshaphat’s military
campaigns, his allies, and nations he fought against; miracles occurring
during the battles; outcome of the campaigns.
- What “bad marriage” did he
engineer and with what effect?
- What unsuccessful attempt
did he make to imitate Solomon?
- Pages 55-57
- Write a good’paragraph on
the importance of Omri.
- Describe Ahab and his wife.
- List the events of Elijah’s
life. Note how they mostly lead up to or derive from the great crisis
at Carmel .
- List the military campaigns
of Ahab, including the one not mentioned in the Bible.
- List the miracles of Elisha’s
- List the rather involved
steps by which God’s command to Elijah in 1 Kings 19:15-16 was carried
- Make a family tree diagram
showing the following people and their relationships: Ahab, Jezebel, the
two Jehorams, two Ahaziahs, Jehoshaphat, Athaliah. Joash, Jehosheba, Jehoiada.
- What would probably have
happened to the nation of Israel if the revival of Mt. Carmel had not
- Who slew the kings of both
- What was Athaliah’s reaction
and how did God thwart Satan’s attempt to destroy the Davidic line? (Ps.
- Pages 57-60
- There is no reference in
the book of Jonah enabling us to date the prophet. Where is such a reference
- Remembering that Nineveh
was the capital of the Assyrian empire, why would Jonah refuse to prophesy
there (Jonah 4:2)?
- Glance through Amos and Hosea;
list references in these books to the prosperity and injustice of the
times of Jeroboam U.
- Name Joash’s activities in
promoting the revival of true worship early in his reign.
- List Amaziah’s religious
activities. Would you call him a good or evil king?
- Discuss the cruelty of the
- Name (in chronological relation)
any three of them you can from memory with a phrase identifying some outstanding
fact concerning each.
- Who captured Samaria ? Date?
- What was the reason for the
fall of the northern kingdom?
- What light does the story
of the origin of the Samaritans (2 Ki. 17) throw on the N.T. references
- Pages 60-64
- Study Isaiah 7. How was the
virgin’s son a sign to Ahaz?
- What does the story about
the Damascus altar (2 Ki. 16) indicate as to Ahaz’s religious condition?
- List the religious reforms
of Hezekiah; describe the revival in his days. Why the emphasis on the
keeping of the Passover?
- Who was prepared to assault
Jerusalem and what did God do for Hezekiah because of his faith?
- What was one of the engineering
feats of Hezekiah which helped to prepare Jerusalem for a siege?
- List some of Manasseh’s sins;
what connection exists between them and Israel’s failure to drive out
the Canaanites? Between them and Solomon’s sins?
- What unique punishment came
to Manasseh for his sins (2 Chr. 33)? 17S. List Josiah’s reforms.
- Josiah’s is the last great
Judean revival before the captivity. Look over the accounts of each of
the previous revivals and of this one and evaluate the place that the
Scriptures played in them.
- Why, according to 2 Chr.
36, was Judea taken captive?
- What was the date of the
fall of Jerusalem?
- Pages 64-69
- What light does the book
of Daniel throw on the captivity period? This assignment will require
at least a sketchy reading of this book.
- What light docs the book
of Jeremiah throw on the captivity period?
- What light does the book
of Ezekiel throw on the captivity period?
- What: information does Psalm
137 give concerning the Jews in captivity? -Was this psalm written by
David? If not, why not?
- Describe the fall of Babylon
- Draw a map showing the Persian
- Trace Zerubbabel s descent
(1 Chr. 3). What might have been his position if Judea had been an independent
nation after the return?
- According to the list of
the Jews who returned (Ezra 2), which tribes were represented in the return?
- Briefly state the message
of the book of Haggai; of the book of Zechariah.
- How did Cyrus’ policy differ
from that. of Assyria in relation to a conquered people?
- What do you learn about Ezra
s character from Ezra 8:21-23? What lesson can be learned by comparing
these verses with Ezra 8:33-34?
- Briefly state the contents
of Nehemiah’s prayer (chapter 1).
- Tell the story of the opposition
to Nehemiah’s building of the wall (Neh. 3-6). Show how the opposition
grew in intensity and stealth,
- Outline the steps In the
revival of Nehemiah 8-10.
- Outline the story of the
book of Esther.
- Briefly characterize each
of the four main characters in the book of Esther.
- What was the condition of
Israel in Malachi’s day?
- What: were the dates for:
- Zerubbabel’s return;
- Ezra’s return;
- Nehemiah’s return,
- Malachfs usual date closing
the O.T. period?
- Learn and write from memory
- Pages 69-81
- Name and give the dates for
the three periods following Malachi.
- How did the Persian period
- Who was Alexander s father?
- What about Alexander and
- What happened at Alexander’s
death which later greatly affected Palestine? Why?
- Name the rival dynasties
of this period who successively controlled Palestine
- For what do we particularly
remember Ptolemy Philadelphus?
- What dates were the Ptolemys
largely in control of Palestine?
- What dates were the Seleucids
largely in control of Palestine?
- What was Antiochus Epiphanes
called by his contemporaries? Why?
- How did he desecrate the
- What family rose up to challenge
his impious action, what was their surname and what, does it; mean?
- For what years was Palestine
under its own Jewish rulers?
- What went wrong and what
people took over control of Palestine?
- What emperor was on the throne
when Jesus was born?
- What were the two chief languages
of Mesopotamia and what was their written form called?
- Who were the Hyksos and why
were they important to the Bible narrative?
- How would you connect the
god Apis with what happened at Sinai?
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