Understanding The Bible
STUDY REFERENCE
Clarence E. Mason's "OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETIC BOOKS"
DANIEL
Introduction and Simple Outline

 

Return to Syllabus

Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
1970

OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETIC BOOKS
DANIEL: Introduction and Simple Outline

NAME: His name means "God is my Judge" or "My God is Judge."

OCCASION: He is taken captive to Babylon in the first of the three stages of Judah's captivity. Only some of the choice young men and artisans were taken. Daniel and his fellows were, like picked young men from other conquered nations, brought in to the palace school for Babylonian diplomatic training. It was felt that, since they no longer had a homeland to which to be loyal, they would be more likely to fully serve Babylon, since their only personal hope in life was to make their lot easier by superior service to the king, who had honored them by choosing them for his service. They would not be tempted, as a native Babylonian might, to take part in any uprising against the king, as lie was known to them only as their benefactor. As foreigners, they would be unlikely to have any contacts with any Babylonians who might plot against the king.

DATE: The third year of Jehoiakim (2 Ki. 24:1), which is the first year of Nebuchadnezzar's accession, but counted as the second year of Nebuchadnezzar in the Babylonian style of reckoning. Whitcomb dates him 605-536 BC.

There are three deportations:
605 BC - a few nobles and clever males like Daniel (2 Ki. 24:1)
597 BC - at Jeconiah's overthrow and removal (2 Ki. 24:10-16)
586 BC - at Zedekiah's fleeing when Jerusalem fell after eleven years of siege (2 Ki. 25; Jer. 39,52)

CONTEMPORARIES: Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Obadiah.

VIEWPOINT: "The God of heaven ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. . .the heavens do rule..." (Dan. 4:25-26). Thus, the origin of the phrases--"the kingdom of heaven" and "the kingdom of God." Perhaps the full wording should be "The kingdom of the God of heaven." The terms are used synonymously, obviously. Thus, since Israel has failed through disobedience, the theocracy ends and the "times of the Gentiles" begin. These will continue until Jesus Christ sets up His kingdom at His second coming to earth (Rev. 19-20).

 

Return to Syllabus

 

"Mason's Notes"


(formerly Philadelphia Biblical University, Philadelphia College of Bible.)
Copyright 2012 to present,
All rights reserved.

Cairn University

200 Manor Avenue
Langhorne, PA 19047
United States of America
"Mason's Notes" Study materials on this website are made available here free, through the generosity of Cairn University, and may be copied for use in Bible study groups, in limited numbers, providing that no charge is made for them.  No further distribution or use of these materials is allowable under U.S. or International Copyright Law without the express permission of Cairn University.

20160408