Understanding The Bible
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Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
OLD TESTAMENT PROPHETIC BOOKS
ISAIAH: Introduction and Simple Outline
NAME: Isaiah means "Salvation (is of) Jehovah" or "Jehovah (is my) Salvation."
DATE: In reigns of Uzziah through
Manasseh, kings of Judah. Longest prophetic
ministry of any of the writing prophets, with the possible exception of Daniel. Lived approximately 90 years, 770-680 BC. Tradition says he was "sawn asunder" by Manasseh (Heb. 11:37). Whitcomb dates him 739-690 BC.
PROPHESIED TO: Both kingdoms (mainly JUDAH).
CONTEMPORARIES: Ho sea and Micah
SPECIAL PROBLEMS: Two: (1) Is it a monograph of .the historical Isaiah? (2) Who is the Almah of 7:14? Is there a near as well as a far view?
THEME: Isaiah is called "The Evangelical Prophet" because he anticipates more fully than any prophet the redemptive career of Messiah. The holiness of the one true God requires judgment. Yet His mercy provides a coming Saviour.
DENUNCIATORY: The Holy One of Israel provoked, rebuking, judging 1-39
CONSOLATORY: The Holy One of Israel comforting, redeeming, enriching 40-66
STRANGE STRUCTURE: Ruckert has pointed out that the last 27 chapters (40-66) are composed of three groups of 9 chapters, each further falling into 3 subgroups of 3 chapters each. A chart of this shows that the heart of the second portion of Isaiah proves to be chapter 53, the redemptive work of Messiah.
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