Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "OLD TESTAMENT
The History of Israel: Part 9a
THE 400 SILENT YEARS:
AFTER MALACHI TO CHRIST (432 to 5 or 4
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Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- THE 400 SILENT YEARS: AFTER MALACHI TO CHRIST (432 to 5
or 4 B.C.)
- BOOKS WRITTEN DURING THE PERIOD (APOCRYPHA)
Most of the Apocryphal books (i.e., those accepted
as Scripture by the church of Rome, but rejected by Protestants) were
written during this period. A few of them may date from the early Christian
years. Below is an outline of the Apocryphal books according to subject
- Historical books
- 1 Esdras: largely a compilation of our 2 Chr., Ezra,
- b. 1 Maccabees: account of Maccabean war; quite
- c. 2 Maccabees: supplements 1 Maccabees;
- Didactic (teaching) books — wisdom literature,
patterned after Solomon’s canonical books a. Wisdom of Solomon b.
Ecclesiasticus (Wisdom of Jesus ben Sirach)
- Religious romances — very fanciful a. Tobit’ b. Judith
- Prophetic books
- Baruch: imitation of Jeremiah
- Epistle of Jeremiah: imitation of Jeremiah
- 2 Esdras: seven visions
- Additions to canonical books
- Remainder of Esther
- Song of the Three Holy Children
- History of Susanna additions to Daniel d. Bel and the
Dragon J e. Prayer of Manasses: after 2 Chronicles 33:18-19
- BOOKS ABOUT THE PERIOD
- About the APOCRYPHA
Miller, H. S. General Biblical Introduction. Houghton, N.Y.: 1937.
Charles, H. S. Religious Developments Between Old and New Testaments.
Pfeiffer, R. H. History of the New Testament Times with an Introduction
to the Apocrypha. New York: 1949.
- About the HISTORY of the period
Davis and McDonald. A Source Book of Interbiblical History. Nashville:
1948. A good collection of important parts of Apocrypha, Josephus,
and other sources.
Margolis and Marx. A History of the Jewish People. Philadelphia: 1947,
Riggs. A History of the Jewish People During the Maccabean and Roman
Periods. New York: 1900
Pfeiffer. Op. Cit.
Finegan. Pp.192-220. Young, E. J. The Prophet Daniel. Grand Rapids: 1949.
Appendix VI: “The Historical Background of the Book of Daniel, “
pp, 295 305.
Dosker, H. E. “Between the Testaments, “ ISBE. Vol. 1, pp. 455-458.
- HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF THE PERIOD
- PERSIAN PERIOD (concluded from VIII above) 432-332 B.C.
(The chest and arms period of the Times of the Gentiles, Dan. 2 and 7)
- HELLENISTIC PERIOD 332-63 B.C.
(The Greek period of the Times of the Gentiles—“belly and thighs, “ Dan. 2
- ROMAN PERIOD 63 B.C.-A.D.325 (Legs of iron, Dan. 2 and
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