Understanding The Bible
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BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
TYPOLOGY IN THE BOOKS OF EXODUS AND LEVITICUS
|1. Judgment threatened on all the firstborn, Es. 11:4-6||1. Judgment, the lot of every man because of the sin of the firstborn (Adam), Rom. 5:12; Jn. 3:18, 36|
|2. There was a Divine plan of safety Divinely revealed through Moses, Ex. 12:7||2. John 3:16 announces the same fact|
|3. They were to take a lamb as the way of safety, Ex. 12:3||3. The Lamb of God, Jn. 1:29|
|4. The lamb is selected by the nation of Israel, Es. 12:3||4. "Jesus would die for that nation," Jn. 11;47-51|
|5. The lamb must be without blemish, Ex. 12:3, 5, 6||
5. "The precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without
blemish," 1 Pet. 1:18-19; Jn. 18:23; 8:46
Note: Though our Lord's life does not save us, His life was a period of testing, showing that He was an unblemished Lamb, who could save us. His life was necessary to His death.
|6. The lamb was killed by the people, Ex. 12:6||6. Mt. 27:21-25, although the priests incited the people, it was the people who said, "His blood be upon us and our children."|
|7. The lamb was slain literally "between the evenings," Ex. 12:6||7. Mt. 27:45; Lk. 23:44, sky dark - light returned - then evening (again).|
8. The blood of the lamb is sprinkled, Ex. 12:7
a. It was a sign of substitution and redemption, Ex. 12:6
b. It was personally applied, Ex. 12:7
c. Thus applied, there was perfect safety, Ex. 12:12-13. The blood was to be sprinkled on the lintel and the posts of the door (v. 7). (Formed a cross!) Hyssop = faith, used to apply the blood.
8. "Through faith is His blood," Rom. 3:25; Mt. 26:28
a. "Temptation through His blood," Eph. 1:7; Heb. 9:11-14, 22
b. "The blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin," 1 Jn. 1:7; Rev. 7:14-15.
c. "There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus," Rom 8:1; Jn. 5:24; Heb. 10:14. The death of Christ makes for security; our resting on that death makes for assurance. Assurance rests on security.
|9. The lamb was roasted with fire, Ex. 12:8||9. Psalm 22:14-15, Christ suffered fire of judgment.|
|10. They feasted upon the lamb, Ex. 12:8||10. It is our duty and privilege to feast in faith upon Christ (communion).|
|11. They were to perpetually remember the slain lamb in a service of memorial (v. 14). (The blood was applied only once.)||11. The Lord's Supper, 1 Cor. 11:25-26; contrast Heb. 6:6.|
- The Leaven - always and everywhere a type of evil working subtly (in the dark) gradually permeating the whole, Ex. 12:15; Lev. 2:11; Mt. 16:6-12; Lk. 12:1; 1 Cor. 5:6-8. Leaven speaks of evil, either in doctrine or practice.
- The Red Sea (Ex. 14) compared with Passover (Ex. 12)
The Passover speaks of redemption by blood: deliverance from guilt of sin.
The Red Sea speaks of redemption by power: deliverance from dominion of sin.
His death forgives me; His resurrection power sets me free.
Rom. 5:1 speaks of deliverance from penalty of sin.
Gal. 1:4; g:14 speak of deliverance from dominance of evil, whether in ourselves or this evil world
The scenes of the wilderness pilgrimage (following the Red Sea experience) beautifully illustrate the Christian pilgrimage, 1 Cor. 10:1-11
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