Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "Soteriology"
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BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- The words used in the original Scriptures
- The Old Testament
- Chashab - "to reckon against" (2 Sam. 19:18-19; Ps.
- Sim - "to put or to set" (1 Sam. 22:15)
- The New Testament
- Ellegeo - "to bring into account" (Rom. 5:13; Phile.
- Logizomai - "to account, reckon" (Lk. 22:24,37; Rom.
4:4,6,8, 10-11,22,24; Ro:n. 6:11; 2 Cor. 5:19;Jas. 2:23)
- Explanatory remarks
Imputation is a bookkeeping tern: that which is to the credit or debit of an
individual (Rev. 20:15; cp. 2J.:27).
There are three great imputations in Scripture in which God makes reckoning:
- The sin of Adam is imputed to the race.
Romans 5:12-14,18-19. The passage does not mean all have personally sinned,
but in their natural head or first parent, Adam, they are reckoned as being
present and sinning (in their representative, Adam). So all sinned when Adam
sinned, and thereby brought the penalty of physical death upon themselves by
This is real imputation.
Real imputation is the reckoning to the individual of that which is
Judicial imputation is the reckoning to the individual of that which is NOT
Man is made sinful by one natural head of the race (Adam) and made righteous
by the Head of the New Creation, Christ (Rom. 5:18-21; 11:32; Gal. 3:22).
Christ's death is sufficient for all men and efficient for those who
believe. Condemnation is literal and actual, while righteousness is
conditional (upon faith) and available (as a gift).
- The sin of man was imputed to Christ.
2 Cor. 5:21; Isa. 53:5-6;Jn. 1:29; 1 Pet. 2:24; 3:18
In the Divine reckoning, Christ became sin for us. He not only took on
Himself the punishment, but He took upon Himself the uncleanness of that sin
on the cross (1 Jn. 2:2).
- The righteousness of God is imputed to those who believe.
1 Cor. 1:30; Rom. 3:21; 4:5; Phil. 3:9; Phile. 17-18
God, having reckoned righteousness unto us, receives us as the Lord Jesus
Christ, accepted in the Beloved One (Eph. 1:6).
- The Biblical illustration of imputation
The book of Philemon
- The illustration of the; imputation of merit (v. 17)
- The illustration of the imputation of demerit (v. 18)
Onetime was accepted by Philemon because of Paul acting as his surety.
We are accepted because the Lord Jesus Christ became our Surety, settled our
past, and provided for our future (Prov. 11:15; cp. 2 Cor. 8:9).
- A surety is one who stands good for another. One will do
this for a friend, but not for a stranger (1 Pet. 3:18; Prov. 11:15).
- All we owed was exacted from Him when He suffered upon
the tree for sins, not His own.
- Imputation is the act of God whereby He imputed the sin
of Adam to his posterity.
- Imputation is the act of God whereby He imputed to Christ
the sins of the world (at the cross). Because of the believer's faith in
Christ, God will not impute sin against him.
- Imputation is the act of God whereby He accounts
righteousness to the believer in Jesus Christ.
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