Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "Anthropology"
PART-1: THE ORIGIN OF MAN
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BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- THE ORIGIN OF MAN
- Human speculation
- Atheistic evolution
Matter is eternal. Natural cause is the sufficient cause of every effect.
- Theistic evolution
Natural evolution is the divine method of development from such beginnings
as God is supposed to have inaugurated by an original creatorial
- Arguments against: -- Atheistic evolution
- Fixity of the species
The origin of species by transformation out of earlier forms is the
very heart of organic evolution. Members of a new species must be
fertile with each other and cross sterile with the parent stock. No
such new species have yet been observed.
(1) Between inorganic matter and organic life.
(2) Between vegetable and animal life.
(3) Between vertebrates and invertebrates.
(4) Between mammals and other vertebrates.
(5) Between each of the thousands of species of organisms.
(6) Between man and the highest of the brutes.
- Inheritance of acquired characters
If such betterment of organs and their functions, acquired by
individuals, could be inherited by their young, it is obvious that
general adaptations of this sort could be rapidly developed in the
course of generations, and new species would have been formed.
There is no support for the theory of acquired characters and there is
much against it as a possibility.
- Natural selection
This theory emphasizes the preservation of the advantageous variations
and the destruction of the disadvantageous variations.
It is negative theory at best, only indicating that what cannot
The study of fossil formation is used to support the claims of
evolutionary systems. However, the evidence is far from conclusive as
a myriad of "missing links" still persist, along with the fact that
present forms of life are found among the earliest.
- Fossil men
Such men as the Neanderthal, Piltdown, Pithecanthropus Erectus, etc.,
are used to substantiate the theory. This evidence is inclusive. Some
of the remains can be classified as normal men; others, as deformed
humans; still others, as apes. Indeed, a few years ago scientists
admitted that an embarrassing mistake has been made in the Piltdown
case, and repudiated it as a prehistoric man.
- Arguments against -- Theistic evolution:
- Contains no room for the fall of man. b. Contains
no room for the reality of sin. c. Contains no room for the need of a
"Christian evolution is a logical impossibility. No matter how we try
to qualify or modify evolution, its basic principle of natural ascent,
natural self-improvement is always there."
- Biblical revelation
- Since we can understand nothing of our origin
unaided, it is reasonable that God should reveal it.
- The plain statement of Scripture indicates that God
created every form of life as it is.
He gave power to each to develop within the limitation of its species and
to propagate after its own kind (Gen. 1:26-27; 2:7,21-22; 5:1-2; Mt. 19:4;
Acts 17:26; Rom. 5:12-19; 1 Cor. 15:21-22,45-49; 1 Tim. 2:13).
These passages make it plain that:
- God created man.
- Man is the last and culminating act of God's creation
(1) 6th day -- We do not know the age of man. Scripture does not
explicitly indicate. Usher's old chronology lists it as 4004 BC. The LXX,
around 5500 BC. It may be earlier. Also, dates before 2500 BC should be
(2) Note man's authority over rest of creation (Gen. 1:28-30; 2:5)
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