Understanding The Bible
E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
ZECHARIAH: Introduction and Simple Outline
("Remembered of Jehovah")
Zechariah, like Haggai, was a prophet of the restoration, from about 520-490 BC. See the introduction to Haggai for cross-references between the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, Haggai, and Zechariah. He is mentioned in Ezra 5:1 and 6:14. In the book of Nehemiah, reference is made to a priest named Iddo (12:4) and to his son Zechariah. From these references it may be inferred that Zechariah was of priestly descent, if not himself a priest.
The prophet was born in Babylon and returned to the land of his fathers when still a child.
Two series of prophecies are given in the book: the first, carefully dated, bearing upon the work of building the temple; the second, which are undated, have reference to Israel's future and the time of the end.
Many direct predictions
concerning Messiah are found in this book:
1. His triumphant entry 9:9
2. His betrayal for thirty pieces of silver 11:12
3. The disposal of blood money for potter's field 11:13
4. The scattering of His disciples 13:7
The Book of Vision and Victory
First prophetic message: a call to repentance.
The prophetic visions 1:7-6:8
red-horse rider among the myrtle trees 1:7-17
God displeased with the callous indifference of the nations to Israel's plight at that time.
four horns and the four smiths 1:18-21
God will cause Gentile powers ("horns") to be cut off in judgment.
man with the measuring line 2
The coming restoration and enlargement of Jerusalem.
the high priest 3
(1) Israel in her sin;
(2) Christ as the Priest. Illustrates Israel's forgiveness and ours.
golden candlestick and the olive trees 4
Israel as a testimony by the power of the Spirit (cp. the two witnesses, Rev. 11).
The flying roll and concealed woman 5 Commerce and wickedness.
four chariots and horses 6:1-8
Final judgment on world powers.
Prophecy of crowning and reign of Christ.
The instruction to the deputation 7-8
Should they continue fasts which memorialized events of 2 Kings 25?
The answer: No! 7:4-8:23
Fasts not instituted of God 7:4-7
requires inward righteousness 7:8-14
Their punishment was due to their sins.
will restore what has been lost 8:1-17
Exhortation to hear the restoration prophets: Haggai and Zechariah.
are to be converted into feasts 8:18-23
Jerusalem will become the religious center of the earth.
Concerning the people of Israel 9-11
The destruction of cities surrounding Israel 9:1-8
The triumphal entry of Christ at His first coming 9:9
Christ's future worldwide kingdom 9:10-17
Israel to be strengthened by God against her enemies 10:1-8
The dispersion and re-gathering of Israel in one view 10:9-12
Christ, the True Shepherd, rejected at His first coming and the consequent wrath of God 11:1-14
The false messiah and his judgment 11:15-17
Concerning the King and the Kingdom 12-14
The overthrow of enemies 12:1-13:9
The great tribulation of Israel 12:1-3
The remnant of Judah strengthened in the day of trial 12:4-9
The outpouring of the Spirit and the repentance of Israel 12:10-13:9
The second advent of the King 14:1-8
The battle against the nations 1-3
The topographical and terrifying effects of the King's descent 4-8
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