The Book Of Esther
"Mordecai and Esther"

Outline with Text
J. Deering,

Quick Links to Chapter Two Paragraph Studies Below

1.  Chapter 2:1-4 "The King's Remorse"
2.  Chapter 2:5-7 "Mordecai and Esther"
3.  Chapter 2:8-14 "The Process of Elimination"
4. Chapter 2:15-17 "Esther loved and chosen Queen"
5. Chapter 2:18-20 "Feast in Queen Esther's honor"
6. Chapter 2:21-23 "Mordecai saves the King's life"

(Interval of 3-4 years 1:3, cp. 2:16)
2. Esther, a Jewess, chosen Queen as Vashti's successor
a. The King's remorse 2:1-4

After these things when the anger of King Ahasuerus had subsided, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what had been decreed against her. Then the king's attendants, who served him, said, "Let beautiful young virgins be sought for the king." And let the king appoint overseers in all the provinces of his kingdom that they may gather every beautiful young virgin to Susa the capital, to the harem, into the custody of Hegai, the king's eunuch, who was in charge of the women; and let their cosmetics be given them.

"Then let the young lady who pleases the king be queen in place of Vashti." And the matter pleased the king, and he did accordingly.

b. Mordecai and Esther 2:5-7

Now there was a Jew in Susa the capital whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, who had been taken into exile from Jerusalem with the captives who had been exiled with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had exiled.

And he was bringing up Hadassah, that is Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had neither father nor mother. Now the young lady was beautiful of form and face, and when her father and her mother died, Mordecai took her as his own daughter.

NOTES: Mordecai, a Benjamite - From Abraham came Esau and Jacob, From Jacob came the 12 tribes, Before the captivity of Judah, Juda and Benjamin formed an alliance (2 Sam 19:16-17 and 1 Kings 11:13-12:20). After the exile from the captivity Judah and Benjamin become the body of the Jewish nation and settled Judea, named for Judah. The other tribes become "the Lost Tribes of Israel." It was also the Benjamites who were nearly wiped out in a cival war against the other tribes (Judges 20:20-21:10 over the cutting up of a woman's body in Gibeah. 45,000 went into battle, 600 came out.

NOTES: Hadassah, Esther, Myrtle, Laurel, Bay, Bride, etc. a plant of the Pomegranate family known for it's fragrant green leaves and scented white flowers. Myrtle was used in perfume, cooking, the construction off "booths," the making of a wreath of honor (garland for winners), and an oil of anonitment.

c. The process of elimination 2:8-14

So it came about when the command and decree of the king were heard and many young ladies were gathered to Susa the capital into the custody of Hegai, that Esther was taken to the king's palace into the custody of Hegai, who was in charge of the women. Now the young lady pleased him and found favor with him. So he quickly provided her with her cosmetics and food, gave her seven choice maids from the king's palace, and transferred her and her maids to the best place in the harem.

NOTES: The Eunuch, the Greek word meaning "bed keeper." He would be the "Chamberlain" (steward, household manager) of the haram. A Eunuch would be a male with undescended testes or castrated (usually at a young age) for some special purpose (choir or for the King's amusment).

Esther did not make known her people or her kindred, for Mordecai had instructed her that she should not make them known.

And every day Mordecai walked back and forth in front of the court of the harem to learn how Esther was and how she fared. Now when the turn of each young lady came to go in to King Ahasuerus, after the end of her twelve months under the regulations for the women-- for the days of their beautification were completed as follows: six months with oil of myrrh and six months with spices and the cosmetics for women -- the young lady would go in to the king in this way: anything that she desired was given her to take with her from the harem to the king's palace. In the evening she would go in and in the morning she would return to the second harem, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's eunuch who was in charge of the concubines. She would not again go in to the king unless the king delighted in her and she was summoned by name.

d. Esther loved and chosen Queen 2:15-17

Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai who had taken her as his daughter, came to go in to the king, she did not request anything except what Hegai, the king's eunuch who was in charge of the women, advised. And Esther found favor in the eyes of all who saw her.

So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus to his royal palace in the tenth month which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign. And the king loved Esther more than all the women, and she found favor and kindness with him more than all the virgins, so that he set the royal crown on her head and made her queen instead of Vashti. Then the king gave a great banquet, Esther's banquet, for all his princes and his servants; he also made a holiday for the provinces and gave gifts according to the king's bounty.

NOTES: The Royal Banquet of 1 Thessalonians 1:7-10 that takes place in Heaven during the Tribulation here on earth.

e. Feast in Queen Esther's honor 2:18-20

And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate. Esther had not yet made known her kindred or her people, even as Mordecai had commanded her, for Esther did what Mordecai told her as she had done when under his care.

3. Mordecai saves the King's life (but providentially goes un-rewarded) 2:21-23 (Mordecai is Esther's cousin and guardian)

In those days, while Mordecai was sitting at the king's gate, Bigthan and Teresh, two of the king's officials from those who guarded the door, became angry and sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus. But the plot became known to Mordecai, and he told Queen Esther, and Esther informed the king in Mordecai's name. Now when the plot was investigated and found to be so, they were both hanged on a gallows; and it was written in the Book of the Chronicles in the king's presence.

Quick Links to Chapter Two Paragraph Studies Above

1.  Chapter 2:1-4 "The King's Remorse"

2.  Chapter 2:5-7 "Mordecai and Esther"

3.  Chapter 2:8-14 "The Process of Elimination"

4. Chapter 2:15-17 "Esther loved and chosen Queen"

5. Chapter 2:18-20 "Feast in Queen Esther's honor"

6. Chapter 2:21-23 "Mordecai saves the King's life"