The Book of 1st John
"I am writing these things to you that you may not sin."

J. Deering,

Quick Links to specific locations in the text below: 

1.     The Visualized Text
2.     Questions To Be Explored
3.     Brief Outline
4.     Cross References
5.     Commentary
6.     The Horizontal Chart

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)  (alternate text in purple)[1]


My little children,
[Gk. Teknia - term of endearment]
    I am writing these things
to you
                you may not sin. [
gk. Hamarthe - that you might not sin]
                    And if (and we do) anyone sins,
                        we have an Advocate [gk.
Paraklaton - one called along side]
with the Father,
                             Jesus Christ
                             the righteous;

                             and He Himself
[Special emphasis on Himself]
                                 is the propitiation (3) [Gk ilasmos - the Satisfaction]
                                     for our sins (He keeps us righteous
                                     even in our sins)
; and
                                     not for ours only, but also
                                     for those of the whole world.
(4) [Gk Cosmos - The Whole World]
Calvin - "The Church" or
Reformed - "Sufficient but not Efficient" or
Unitarian - "Efficient for all the world"]

by this
                                         we know that
[Know: Experiential (hands, eyes, etc.)]
                                             we have come to know Him, Know: [Experiential (hands, eyes, etc.)]
                                                 if we keep His commandments. (5)

The one who
    says, "I have come to know Him," and
    does not keep His commandments,
        is a liar, and
[One who is a pseudo-sayer]
        the truth is not in him; (6)

    whoever keeps His word,
in him the love of God has truly been perfected. (7) [Brought to full measure]

By this we know that we are in Him: [Know: Experiential (hands, eyes, etc.)]

the one who says
    he abides
in Him
        ought himself to walk
[Gk: peripateto - walk around]
in the same manner as He walked. [To Imitate Christ Is To Love God!]


(1 John 2:1)



I.          Introduction:  The Purpose of the Letter, 1:1-4
II.         Conditions for Fellowship, 1:5-2:2
            A.        Conformity to a Standard, 1:5-7
            B.         Confession of Sin, 1:8-2:2
III.       Conduct in Fellowship, 2:3-27
            A.        The Character of Our Conduct - Imitation, 2:3-11
            B.         The Commandment of Our Conduct - Separation, 2:12-17
            C.        The Creed for Our Conduct - Affirmation, 2:18-27
IV.       Characteristics of Fellowship, 2:28-3:24
            A.        In Relation to Our Prospect: Purity, 2:28-3:3
            B.         In Relation to Our Position:  Righteousness and Brotherly Love, 3:4-18
            C.        In Relation to Our Prayers:  Answers, 3:19-24
V.        Cautions of Fellowship, 4:1-21
            A.        Concerning False, Lying Spirits, 4:1-6
            B.         Concerning a True, Loving Spirit, 4:7-21
                        1.         The ground of brotherly love, 4:7-10
                        2.         The glories of love, 4:11-21
VI.       Consequences of Fellowship, 5:1-21
            A.        Love for the Brethren, 5:1-3
            B.         Victory over the World, 5:4-5
            C.        Verification of Christ's Credentials, 5:6-12
            D.        Assurance of Eternal Life, 5:13
            E.         Guidance in Prayer, 5:14-17
            F.         Freedom from Habitual Sin, 5:18-21

COMMENTARY:  (1 John 2:1-6)[3]



1 John 2:12 - "I am writing to you, little children ..."
1 John 2:28 - "little children, abide in Him"
1 John 3:7 - "Little children, let no one deceive you"
1 John 3:18 - "Little children, let us not love with word ..."
1 John 4:4 - "You are from God, little children"
1 John 5:21 - "Little children, guard yoursleves from idols."
John 13:33 - "Little children I am with you ..."
Galatians 4:19 - "My children ..."
1 John 5:10 - "The one who believes ... has the witness in himself"
Romans 8:34 - "Jesus Christ ... who also intercedes for us."
1 timothy 2:5 - "For there is one God, and one mediator ..."
Hebrews 7:25 - "... He always lives to make intercession for them."
Hebrews 9:24 - Christ and His entering into the Heavenly Holy place
John 14:16 - "No one comes to the Father, but through Me."

1 John 4:10 - "and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins."
Romans 3:25 - "God display publicly as a propitiation in His blood ..."
Hebrews 2:17 - "to make propitiation for the sins of the people"
1 John 4:14 - "... the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world."
John 4:42 - "We worship what we know; for salvation is from the Jews"
John 11:51 f. - "he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation ..."

1 John 2:5 - "By this we know that we are in Him: ..."
1 John 3:24 - "And we know by this that He abides in us, ..."
1 John 4:13 - "by this we know that we abide in Him ..."
1 John 5:2 - "By this we know that we love the children of God, ..."
1 John 2:4 - "... keep His commandments ..."
1 John 3:6 - "No one who abides in Him sins; ..."
1 John 4:7 f. - "Let us love one another"
1 John 3:22 - "because we keep His commandments"
1 John 3:24 - "and the one who keeps His commandments"
1 John 5:3 - "And who is the one who overcomes the world ..."
John 14:15 - "If you love me, you will keep My commandments"
John 10:15 - "I lay down my life for the sheep"
Revelation 12:17 - "who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus
Revleation 14:12 - "who keep the commandments of god and their faith in Jesus"

Titus 1:10 - "For there are many rebellious men ..."
1 John 3:6 - "no one who sins has seen Him or knows Him"
1 John 4:7 f. - "every one who loves is born of God and knows God."
1 John 1:6 - "If we say that we have fellowship with Him ..."
1 John 1:8 - "If we say that we have no sin ..."

John 14:23 - "If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word"
1 John 4:12 - "If we love one another, God abides in us"
1 John 2:3 - "we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments"
1 John 3:24 - "And we know by this that He abides in us ..."
1 John 4:13 - "By this we know that we abid in Him and He in us ..."
1 John 5:12 - "He who has the Son has the life"

John 15:4 - "Abide in Me, and I in you..."
John 13:15 - "for I gave you an exampe that you also shold do as I did to you"
John 15:10 - "If you keep my commandments ..."
1 Peter 2:21 - "Since Christ also suffered for you, leavingyou an example ..."


1. 1 All Bible Text is based upon the NASB version and edited using words from other translations and versions to further expand the meaning of those verses. See Endnote Number 1 for NASB copyright information.
[1] "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE, © Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988. Used by permission."
[2] Charles Caldwell Ryrie, "Ryrie Study Bible, expanded edition,"  p. 1924, New International Version, Moody Press, Chicago, 1994
[3] Deering, Jim,
[4] John Calvin,
"Calvin's New Testament Commentaries," 1 John, p. 243, "Under the Law the priest never entered the sanctuary without blood having been shed. By this symbol God wanted to show that he who procures grace for us must me furnished with a sacrifice. When God is offended, the price of a satisfaction is required to pacify Him. From this it follows that all the saints who ever have been and who shall be, need an Advocate and that none but Christ is equal to undertaking the office."
[5] ibid., p. 243, "Christ's intercession is the continual application of His death to our salvation. The reason why God does not impute our sins to us is because He looks upon Christ the intercessor."
[6] ibid., p. 245, "The teaching of the gospel is a living mirror in which we contemplate God's image and are transformed to it."
[7] ibid., p. 246, "He does not mean that those who wholly satisfy the Law keep His commandments (and no such instance can be found in the world), but those who strive, according to the capacity of human infirmity, to form their life in obedience to God."
[8] ibid., p. 246, "He now defines the true keeping of god's Law: To Love God."

Quick Links to specific locations in the text below: 

1.     The Visualized Text
2.     Questions To Be Explored
3.     Brief Outline
4.     Cross References
5.     Commentary
6.     The Horizontal Chart