Understanding The Bible
STUDY REFERENCE
Clarence E. Mason's "Later New Testament Epistles"
Hebrews

Dr. John F. McGahey: OUTLINE OF HEBREWS

BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
1968


HEBREWS
(Outline by Dr. John F. McGahey)

(The warnings of Hebrews are marked *)

  1. The superiority of Christ to the prophets 1:1-3

    1. The fulness and diversity of OT revelation 1

    2. The perfection of the revelation in and by the Son 2-3

      1. The fact of God's revelation in His Son 2a

      2. The superiority of this revelation seen in virtue of His person and work 2b-3
         

  2. The superiority of Christ to the angels 1:4-2:18

    1. A. Christ is higher 1:4-14

      1. Because of His more excellent name 4-5

      2. Because of His unique relationship to the Father 5

      3. Because angels owe Him worship 6

      4. Because angels are servants whereas He is God 7-14
         

    *Practical exhortation and warning against drifting 2:1-4
     

    1. Christ was made lower 2:5-18

      1. The fact stated 5-9

        1. God intended man to have dominion over creation 5-8b

        2. Sin's entrance brought failure and frustration instead of dominion 8c

        3. Christ made lower than angels to achieve for man's dominion over creation 9

      2. The reason given 9-18

        1. That He might be man's Savior 9-10

        2. That He might be identified with man 11-13

        3. That He might deliver man from death and the devil 14-16

        4. That He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest 17-18
           

  3. The superiority of Christ to Moses 3:1-6

    1. The comparison between Christ and Moses 1-2
      Both had God-ordained ministries Both were faithful

    2. The contrast between Christ and Moses 3-6

      1. Moses belonged to the house (Israel), whereas Christ was the builder of the house 3

      2. Moses was a servant in his house (Israel), whereas Christ as Son of God is over His house (Church) 4-6
         

    *Practical exhortation and warning against unbelief 3:7-4:16

    A challenge to secure eternal rest in Christ

    1. The case of Israel's failure 3:7-11

    2. The call to faithfulness 3:12-15

    3. The cause of Israel's failure 3:16-19

    4. The call to fear 4:1-10

    5. The call to faith and faithfulness 4:11-16
       

  4. The superiority of Christ to Aaron 5:1-10:18

    1. Christ has divine qualifications 5:1-10

      1. The prerequisites for the priesthood 1-4

        1. He must be chosen from among men 1

        2. He must represent men before God 1

        3. He must offer sacrifices for sins 1

        4. He must be identified with the people 2-3

        5. He must be called of God 4

      2. The pre-eminence of Christ's priesthood 5-10

        1. He was called of God 5-6

        2. He became man 7-8

        3. He effected an eternal salvation 9

        4. He is an eternal priest 10
           

      *Practical exhortation and warning against apostasy 5:11-6:20

      1. The fact of stagnation 5:11-14
        The possibility of genuine faith The possibility of mere profession

      2. The danger of apostasy 6

        1. The exhortation to go on to perfection 1-3

        2. The warning against apostasy 4-8

        3. The persuasion of salvation 9-20
           

    2. Christ is a priest of a higher order 7

      1. The illustration: Melchisedec, a type of Christ 1-10

        1. The scriptural proof of Melchisedec's typical significance 1-3

        2. The superiority of Melchisedec's priesthood to that of Aaron 4-10

      2. The instruction: The superiority of Christ to Aaron 11-28

        1. He perfects and brings an end to the law 11-14

        2. He is eternal 15-17,23-24

        3. He is surety of a better covenant 18-22

        4. He has effected a complete salvation 25-28

    3. Christ is mediator of a better covenant 8:1-13

      1. The place of His priestly ministry 1-6

      2. The promise of a new covenant 7-13

    4. Christ ministers in a better sanctuary 9:1-11

      1. The sanctuary and service of the old covenant 1-10

        1. The sanctuary 1-5

        2. The service 6-7

        3. The significance 8-10

      2. Christ's ministry in the heavenly sanctuary 11

    5. Christ offered a better sacrifice 9:11-10:18

      1. The truth epitomized 9:11-12

      2. The truth expanded 9:13-10:18

        1. The contrast between the sacrifices of the old and the new covenants 9:13-15

        2. The necessity for a covenantal sacrifice 9:16-20

        3. The efficacy of Christ's sacrifice 9:21-28

        4. The impotence of the Levitical sacrifices 10:1-4

        5. Christ terminated the old and established the new covenant 1.0:5-9

        6. The finality of Christ's sacrifice 10:10-18
           

  5. Final exhortations and conclusion 10:19-13:25

    1. Exhortation to worship and fellowship 10:19-25
       

      *A warning not to despise God's grace 10:26-39

      1. The'warning 26-31

      2. The persuasion of the writer 32-39
         

    2. Exhortation to a walk of faith 11:1-12:14

      1. The essence of faith 11:1-3

      2. The efficacy of faith illustrated 11:4-40

      3. The exhortation 12:1-14

        1. Our responsibility in the race 1

        2. Our resource in the race 2-4

        3. Our regimen in the race 5-14
           

      *A warning not to fall short of God's grace 12:15-29

      1. The possibility of failure 15-17

      2. The incentive for faith 18-24
         

    3. Exhortation to walk honorably 13:1-19

      1. The necessity for love 1-3

      2. The necessity for purity 4

      3. The necessity for contentment 5-6

      4. The necessity for faithfulness 7-8

      5. The necessity for orthodoxy 9-14

      6. The necessity for praise, thanksgiving, and good works 15-16

      7. The necessity for submission to authority 17

      8. The necessity for prayer 18-19
         

    4. Conclusion 13:20-25

      1. Closing benediction 20-21

      2. Closing salutations 22-25


 



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