Understanding The Bible
STUDY REFERENCE
Clarence E. Mason's "Later New Testament Epistles"
Hebrews

DR. C. E. MASON, JR.:  HEBREWS OUTLINE

BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
1968


HEBREWS
(Outline by C. E. Mason, Jr.)
 

Key to book: HEAR CHRIST, who is the full and final revelation of God (1:1-2) fulfilling, completing, and superseding the Old Testament revelation (Mt. 17:4-5). To fail to hear Him is fatal (2;1-3;4:12-13; 10:26-31; 12:25-29).

 

Division I: THE ARGUMENT - THE SUPERIOR GLORY OF THE PERSON AND WORK OF CHRIST 1:1-10:18

  1. The Lord Jesus Christ superior to PROPHETS 1:1-3
    (Seven superiorities of Son)
     

  2. The Lord Jesus Christ superior to ANGELS 1:4-2:18

    1. As the Son of God - superior to angels 1:4-14

      1. The statement 4

      2. The seven citations 5-13

      3. The summary 14
         

    Parenthesis I: Warning against sin of NEGLECTing to hear the Son 2:1-4
     

    1. As Son of Man - superior to angels 2:5-18

      1. Creation, as yet, not in subjection to mankind (because of sin) 5-8

      2. Christ, the Head of the new race, crowned in anticipation of redeemed mankind's full and final victory over sin and death 9-18
         

  3. The Lord Jesus Christ superior to MOSES and JOSHUA 3:1-4:16

    1. Superior to Moses in His person as Son (not servant) 3:1-6
       

    Parenthesis II: Warning against sin of UNBELIEF in God's provision of rest 3:7-4:2
     

    1. Superior to Joshua in His rest 4:3-13
      (Greek "Jesus" is "Joshua" in Hebrew)

    2. Exhortation to come in faith to our Great High Priest on a Throne of Grace 4:14-16
       

  4. The Lord Jesus Christ superior to the AARONIC PRIESTHOOD 5:1-10:18

    1. A superior priest as to personal qualifications 5-6

      1. Qualifications necessary 5:1-4

      2. How Christ fulfilled them 5:5-10
         

        Parenthesis III: Warning against sin of RETROGRESSION 5:11-6:8

        1. Degeneration 5:11-14

        2. Need of progress 6:1-3

        3. Warning 6:4-8
          The people addressed in 6:1-8 are obviously the saved people addressed in 5:11 -14. See Griffith Thomas here.
           

      3. Encouragement 6:9-20
         

    2. A superior priest as to His official order (Melchizedek) 7:1-8:6
      Christ's priesthood is superior in its:

      1. Priority 7:1-10

      2. Perfection 7:11-19

      3. Perpetuity 7:20-28

      4. Place of worship 8:1-5

    3. Christ's priesthood superior to Aaron's in its COVENANT FOUNDATION 8:6-13

    4. Christ's priesthood superior to Aaron's as to its SANCTUARY (cp. 8:1-6) 9:1-12

    5. Christ's priesthood superior to Aaron's as to its SERVICE 9:13-24

    6. Christ's priesthood superior to Aaron's in the EFFICACY OF ITS SACRIFICE 9:25-10:10

    7. Conclusion: The crowning proof 10:11-18

     

Division II: THE APPLICATION - THE LIFE WE SHOULD LIVE BECAUSE OF HIS LIFE AND WORK 10:19-13:25

  1. Introductory paragraph: Threefold exhortation to appropriate - hope, faith, love (Read in ASV) 10:19-25

  2. The theme developed 10:26-13:17

    1. "Let us hold fast the confession of our HOPE unwavering" 10:26-12:11
       

      Parenthesis IV: Warning against DESPISING Christ's sacrifice (by continuing temple sacrifices) 10:26-39

      1. Warning 26-31

      2. Reminder 32-34

      3. Counsel 35-36

      4. Encouragement 37-39
         

      1. The example of former heroes of faith--who endured through hope 11

        1. The sphere and efficacy of faith 1-3

        2. The royal roll of heavenly heroes 4-32

          1. The seven men (and one woman) from Genesis 4-22

          2. Seven other instances of faith 23-31

          3. Another group of seven 32

        3. Faith's power of achievement 33-35a

        4. Faith's power of endurance 35b-38

        5. And yet we have something superior -- a fulfilled promise, i.e., Christ! 39-40
           

      2. The exhortation to courageously submit to affliction as the Father's own profitable di scipline 12:1-11
         

    2. "Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of FAITH" 12:12-29

      1. Draw near--but "with a true heart" 12-17

      2. Draw near--"in full assurance of faith, " but with "a heart sprinkled from an evil conscience, " for it is Mt. Zion, not Mt. Sinai, to which we come 18-24
         

      Parenthesis V: Final warning against OBSTINATE REFUSAL to hear 12:25-29
      Believe and obey Christ. You cannot trifle with truth! Draw near--don't depart!
       

    3. "Let us consider one another to provoke unto LOVE and good works" 13:1-17
       

  3. Concluding words 13:18-25


 

 

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