THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
CHAPTER ELEVEN

Introduction

 

James Deering, AncientPath.net

 

1.

The Visualized Text

2.

The Commentary

3.

 

 


THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)    (alternate text in purple)

11:1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval. 3 By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. 4 By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks. 5 By faith Enoch was taken up so that he should not see death; AND HE WAS NOT FOUND BECAUSE GOD TOOK HIM UP; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to God. 6 And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. 7 By faith Noah, being warned by God about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith. 8 By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9 By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise; 10 for he was looking for the city which has foundations, whose architect and builder is God. 11 By faith even Sarah herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised; 12 therefore, also, there was born of one man, and him as good as dead at that, as many descendants AS THE STARS OF HEAVEN IN NUMBER, AND INNUMERABLE AS THE SAND WHICH IS BY THE SEASHORE. 13 All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. 14 For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. 15 And indeed if they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return. 16 But as it is, they desire a better country, that is a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God; for He has prepared a city for them. 17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac; and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten son; 18 it was he to whom it was said, "IN ISAAC YOUR DESCENDANTS SHALL BE CALLED." 19 He considered that God is able to raise men even from the dead; from which he also received him back as a type. 20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even regarding things to come. 21 By faith Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22 By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones. 23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king's edict. 24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; 25 choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; 26 considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. 27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. 28 By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. 29 By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned. 30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they had been encircled for seven days. 31 By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace. 32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets, 33 who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. 35 Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release, in order that they might obtain a better resurrection; 36 and others experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also chains and imprisonment. 37 They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated 38 (men of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground. 39 And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, 40 because God had provided something better for us, so that apart from us they should not be made perfect.


  THE COMMENTARY


Hebrews 11

 

1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2 For by it the men of old gained approval.

 

1.     In order to understand this and the following verses, what are the evidences of a personal relationship to God?

A.     A man or woman who Loves God according to God's requirements - a circumcised heart, a heart cut-out and separated unto God, and God alone.

 

2.     According to this verse ... what are the two elements of Faith?

A.     the Assurance of things hoped for

B.     the Conviction of things not seen

 

3.     Drawing from the last number of weeks (learning from the book of Hebrews) what items, persons, or events would a believing Hebrew be looking forward to? (and those who would come after the Hebrew)

A.     Promises made by God

        1.     To Adam and Eve God offered the test of Innocence (they failed God's test, but the faithful were still the benefactors of God's promises), i.e., the garden and the world beyond, life, relationship with God.

        2.     From Cain and Abel to Noah God offered the test of Conscience (man failed, but the faithful were still the benefactors of God's promises).

        3.     From Noah to Babel God offered the test of self governance.  (man failed, but the faithful were still the benefactors of God's promises).

        4.     From Babel to bondage in Egypt

        5.     From Egypt to the Cross

        6.     From the Cross to the Rapture

        7.     From the Rapture to The Throne of Judgment

 

4.     Why would those items, persons, or events bring them Assurance?

A.     They were the results of promises made to them by God.

B.     They believed that God would make good on His promises.

 

5.     How did the believing Hebrew gain the approval of God?

        (How does a person today gain the approval of God?)

A.     Summary of the above...

1.     A person with a godly circumcised heart

2.     Who Hoped in the Promises made by God, and

3.     Who was Assured that God would fulfill those promises.

 

3 By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible.

 

This verse is the KEY ELEMENT to understanding God's definition of FAITH.

Re-Translation:

"Those who are PEOPLE of FAITH understand that all of creation was planned and prepared beforehand by The Son of God SO THAT the visible things He created were made out of things that are invisible to us."

 

Hebrews 11:4-7 are all examples of such people in the Old Testament before the Covenant to the Nation of Israel.

 

4 By faith Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks.

 

Abel's sacrifice was better because Able met the requirement of being a man who Loved God. God thus proclaims Able righteous.

 

1.     How is Able still speaking today?

A.     The righteousness of Abel's heart, expressed through his gift, is recorded in the Word of God which is still used as an example of faith in the days of the writing of Hebrews and even still today.


 

 

5 By faith Enoch was taken up so that he would not see death; and he was not found because God took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to God.

1.     What was the promise that Enoch placed his hope in?

        A.     That Enoch would not see death.

2.     Can you think of a New Testament promise that would be fulfilled before the death of the one promised.

        A.     Luke 2:25-32, Simeon

 

6 And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him.

 

1.     What are the requirements for Faith

        A. He who comes to God (seeking salvation)

        MUST Believe that He IS

MUST Believe that HE is a REWARDER (able) of those who seek Him

 

7 By faith Noah, being warned by God about THINGS NOT YET SEEN, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.

 

 

Hebrews 11:8-38 are all examples of such people in the Old Testament with the Covenant to the Nation of Israel.

 

8 By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed (HOW?) by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9 By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, fellow heirs of the same promise; (WHY?) 10 for he was looking for the city which has foundations, whose architect and builder is God.

 

11 By faith even Sarah herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised. 12 Therefore there was born even of one man, and him as good as dead at that, as many descendants as the stars of heaven in number, and innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.

 

Without Sara's faith - there would have been no Covenant Promise through Abraham. No Isaac, no Jacob, no Nation of Israel.

 

13 All these died in faith,

without receiving the promises,

but having seen them (the Promises) and having welcomed them (the Promises) from a distance, and having confessed that they (themselves) were strangers and exiles on the earth.

 

14 For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own.

 

15 And indeed if they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return (but they did not).

 

16 But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one.

 

Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God; for He has prepared a city for them.

 

Q.     How does God feel about those who believe that He is the God who makes promises and keeps them?

A.     1 - He is not ashamed of them (confident, bold, honored, found graceful, found to be accredited).

        2 - Resulting in making a city for them (a special place to live).

 

17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten son;

 

A reflection of what God the Father would do with His Own Son - in order to bring salvation to those who act so - In Faith.

 

18 it was he to whom it was said, “In Isaac your descendants shall be called.” 19 He considered that God is able to raise people even from the dead, from which he also received him back as a type (a type of Christ - the picture of what God would do through His Son).

 

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau (Esau blessed because he was a son of Isaac), even regarding things to come.

 

The meaning here is that each individual so believed God's promises that they passed that belief down to the next generation as a teaching about God.


 

21 By faith Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22 By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones (Joseph believed God for the succeeding generations who would honor not only his bones, but the God who would be continually keeping His promises).

 

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful (God Graced) child; and they were not afraid of the king’s edict.

 

Moses' parents believed God's promise

 

24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, 26 considering the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward.

 

The KJV says this best: "for He considered the recompense of the reward."

Moses thought about, and then acted, based upon the repayment God would make to Him and His people as a reward for Faith.

 

27 By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen

 

Moses continued against all odds - for He could "see" God (considering God keeps all His promises).

 

28 By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.

 

Moses believed that the Angel would bring death to not only Pharaoh's first born and the Egyptian first-born, but that if they were not covered by the Blood of the Lamb - all the Hebrew first-born as well.

 

29 By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned.

 

The "closed their eyes and walked across the Red Sea" based upon their belief that God would SAVE them.

 

30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days.

 

Certainly not the faith of the walls of Jericho - but the faith of all those who walked the path around the walls - believing that the walls would fall, because their God had promised it.

 

31 By faith Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace.

 

One who believed that God would keep her safe, even during such a complete siege and battle - She becomes the Mother of Boaz, the Husband of Ruth, in the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah.

 

32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets, 33 who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, 34 quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. 35 Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release,

 

All these loving God and believing His promises.

 

so that they might obtain a better resurrection;

 

36 and others experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also chains and imprisonment. 37 They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated 38 (men of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground.

 

39 And all these, having gained approval through their faith,

 

did not receive what was promised,

 

God's plan for the ages did not include the Old Testament Saints receiving the Promises God had made - before His plan was complete. God's plan for the ages did not end with Israel being released from the Captivities of Assyria and Babylonia.


 

40 because God had provided something better for us,

so that apart from us

they would not be made perfect.

 

God's plan included the Life and Death, the Burial, Resurrection, and the Ascension of God's very own Son.

 

God's plan also included the creation of a New Covenant, administered by His New Royal High Priest, a Royal government led by the 12 Apostles, and a Royal Priesthood of Believers.

 

God's plan includes a great Tribulation whereby the Earth is cleansed of unrighteousness and a thousand years of God's Son sitting in the High Kingly Throne of David here on the Earth, a final Satanic rebellion, and an eternal victory.

 

For those who Love God, are called according to His purposes, and who Believe that God is ABLE to keep every Promise He makes.

 


REFERENCES:


 

1.

The Visualized Text

2.

The Commentary

3.

 

 


2013-10-16