THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
CHAPTER TEN

Introduction

 

James Deering, AncientPath.net

 

1.

The Visualized Text

2.

The Commentary

3.

 

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)    (alternate text in purple)

10:1 For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never by the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5 Therefore, when He comes into the world, He says, "SACRIFICE AND OFFERING THOU HAST NOT DESIRED, BUT A BODY THOU HAST PREPARED FOR ME; 6 IN WHOLE BURNT OFFERINGS AND sacrifices FOR SIN THOU HAST TAKEN NO PLEASURE. 7 "THEN I SAID, 'BEHOLD, I HAVE COME (IN THE ROLL OF THE BOOK IT IS WRITTEN OF ME) TO DO THY WILL, O GOD.'" 8 After saying above, "SACRIFICES AND OFFERINGS AND WHOLE BURNT OFFERINGS AND sacrifices FOR SIN THOU HAST NOT DESIRED, NOR HAST THOU TAKEN PLEASURE in them" (which are offered according to the Law), 9 then He said, "BEHOLD, I HAVE COME TO DO THY WILL." He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, 13 waiting from that time onward UNTIL HIS ENEMIES BE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET. 14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. 15 And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, 16 "THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THEM AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAYS THE LORD: I WILL PUT MY LAWS UPON THEIR HEART, AND UPON THEIR MIND I WILL WRITE THEM," He then says, 17 "AND THEIR SINS AND THEIR LAWLESS DEEDS I WILL REMEMBER NO MORE." 18 Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin. 19 Since therefore, brethren, we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus,
20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God,
22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; 24 and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, 25 not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more, as you see the day drawing near. 26 For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, 27 but a certain terrifying expectation of judgment, and THE FURY OF A FIRE WHICH WILL CONSUME THE ADVERSARIES. 28 Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know Him who said, "VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY." And again, "THE LORD WILL JUDGE HIS PEOPLE."
31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. 32 But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings, 33 partly, by being made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations, and partly by becoming sharers with those who were so treated. 34 For you showed sympathy to the prisoners, and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and an abiding one. 35 Therefore, do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward. 36 For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. 37 FOR YET IN A VERY LITTLE WHILE, HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME, AND WILL NOT DELAY. 38 BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN HIM. 39 But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul.


 COMMENTARY



Hebrews 10

 

God the Father is the Creator and Ruler of man and the Provider of redemption through His love (John 3:16). God the Son is the Redeemer, who became man for the purpose of our redemption. God the Holy Spirit is the "Executive of the Godhead," the "Vicar of Christ," Who applies to each believing soul the benefits of redemption. We see this very clearly in Hebrews 10:1-17

 

Hebrews 10:1-4

1 For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

 

Here are some Questions Concerning Hebrews 10:1-4

 

Q.      Verse 1 - Of what is the Law only a "shadow"?

A.     All those things made possible through the redemption made through Jesus Christ.

 

Q.      Verse 1 - What can the Law never do?

A.     Make perfect those who draw near to God.

 

Q.      Verse 2 - Why did the OT sacrifices have to be made over and over again?

A.     Because the could never make perfect those who draw near to God.

 

Q.      Verse 3 - How were the sacrifices a reminder of sin?

A.     Because they had to be repeated over and over again.

 

Q.      Verse 4 - What was the defect in the OT sacrifices?

A.     It was impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.


 

Hebrews 10:5-10

5 Therefore, when He (The Son of God, Jesus) comes into the world, He says, “Sacrifice and offering You have not desired, But a body You have prepared for Me; 6 In whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have taken no pleasure. 7 “Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come (In the scroll of the book it is written of Me) To do Your will, O God.’” 8 After saying above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You have not desired, nor have You taken pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the Law), 9 then He (The Son of God, Jesus) said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will.” He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

 

Q.      Verse 5 - What is the point of this verse?

A.     Jesus would not sacrifice the blood of animals, He was appointed to be the blood sacrifice that would accomplish redemption.

 

Q.      Verse 6 - What pleasure did God find in the blood of bulls and goats?

A.     None

 

Q.      Verse 7 - Whose will was it that Jesus should come and do?

A.     God's

 

Q.      Verses 7-8 - Was Jesus aware that the blood of bulls and goats was ineffective as to remission of sins?

A.     Yes

 

Q.      Verse 9 - Who would come, to dwell among men, to do God's will concerning remission of sins?

A.     The Son of God, Jesus.

 

Q.      Verse 9 - Jesus takes away the First what in order to establish the second what and what does that mean?

A.     Sacrifice - Jesus put an end to the Old Testament Covenant (Law, Sacrifices, and Ordinances based upon the shed blood of animals - and established the New Testament Covenant of full remission based upon the shed blood of the Son of God, Jesus the Christ.

 

Q.      Verse 10 - What did this New Covenant Sacrifice accomplish?

A.     "We have been sanctified (set apart, made Holy) through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.



Hebrews 10:11-18

11 Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He (The Son of God, Jesus), having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God, 13 waiting from that time onward until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet. 14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. 15 And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us; for after saying, 16 “This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws upon their heart, And on their mind I will write them,” He then says, 17 “And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”

 

18 Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin.

 

Q.     Verse 11 - What did the OT Priests do?

A.     They stood "daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices which can never take away sins."

 

Q.      Why did God require them to do this?

A.     To teach them of the great sacrifice that way yet to come by the "cutting-off of Messiah." (cp. Daniel 9:26)

 

Q.      Verse 12 - What did High Priest Jesus do that was different at the end of His sacrifice?

A.     "Having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, he sat down at the right hand of God."

 

Q.      Verse 13 - According to this verse what is Jesus doing right now?

A.     Waiting until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet.

 

Q.      Verse 14 - What was so great about the Sacrifice the Son of God made?

A.     "for by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified."

 

Q.      Verse 15-17 - What did the Holy Spirit say and Testify to us?

A.     “This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws upon their heart, And on their mind I will write them,” He then says, 17 “And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more.”

 

Q.      Verse 18 - How does the Holy Spirit wrap up this chapter using the writer of Hebrews...

A.     "Now where there is FORGIVENESS of these things, there IS NO LONGER ANY OFFERING FOR SIN."

 

As we have said in class many times - The issue of SIN is "Off-The-Table" as God, through the Work of God's Son, is now completely reconciled to the world (man), therefore there no longer is any reason for a continuing sacrifice for sin. That also means that there is no longer any use for the OT Law or the Priesthood which administrated that Law.


REFERENCES:


 

1.

The Visualized Text

2.

The Commentary

3.

 

 


2012-11-23