THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
James Deering, AncientPath.net
THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB) (conjunctions
& prepositions underlined,
words not in original text in italics)
(alternate text in purple)
8:1 Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens,
2 a minister in the sanctuary, and in the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices; hence it is necessary that this high priest also have something to offer. 4 Now if He were on earth, He would not be a priest at all, since there are those who offer the gifts according to the Law; 5 who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned by God when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, "SEE," He says, "THAT YOU MAKE all things ACCORDING TO THE PATTERN WHICH WAS SHOWN YOU ON THE MOUNTAIN." 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises. 7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second. 8 For finding fault with them, He says, "BEHOLD, DAYS ARE COMING, SAYS THE LORD, WHEN I WILL EFFECT A NEW COVENANT WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AND WITH THE HOUSE OF JUDAH; 9 NOT LIKE THE COVENANT WHICH I MADE WITH THEIR FATHERS ON THE DAY WHEN I TOOK THEM BY THE HAND TO LEAD THEM OUT OF THE LAND OF EGYPT; FOR THEY DID NOT CONTINUE IN MY COVENANT, AND I DID NOT CARE FOR THEM, SAYS THE LORD. 10 "FOR THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THE HOUSE OF ISRAEL AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAYS THE LORD: I WILL PUT MY LAWS INTO THEIR MINDS, AND I WILL WRITE THEM UPON THEIR HEARTS. AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE. 11 "AND THEY SHALL NOT TEACH EVERYONE HIS FELLOW CITIZEN, AND EVERYONE HIS BROTHER, SAYING, 'KNOW THE LORD,' FOR ALL SHALL KNOW ME, FROM THE LEAST TO THE GREATEST OF THEM. 12 "FOR I WILL BE MERCIFUL TO THEIR INIQUITIES, AND I WILL REMEMBER THEIR SINS NO MORE." 13 When He said, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.
Hebrews Chapters 8-11 give us a clear picture of the inner workings of God's plan of Redemption. Chapter 8 begins our journey with the explanation of the background of the difference between the Old and New Covenants of God with His people.
While the Old and New Covenants were made with Israel they give us great insights into the overall relationship between God and all of His people (those who are truly saved).
The time-frame of the book of Hebrews during the transitional years when the Church was made up largely of born-again Jews. Much of the teaching here is to them in order to help them understand the changes that God has made through His Son Jesus The Christ.
1 Now the main point in what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken His seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, 2 a minister in the sanctuary and in the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, not man. 3 For every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices; so it is necessary that this high priest also have something to offer. 4 Now if He were on earth, He would not be a priest at all, since there are those who offer the gifts according to the Law; 5 who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned by God when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, “See,” He says, “that you make all things according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain.” 6 But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.
Q. Verse 1-2 - What is the "Main Point" of the first 7 Chapters of Hebrews?
A. We have such a high priest (one who takes away the sins of the world) and He sits in power in Heaven and He ministers (as High) Priest in the true tabernacle of the Lord (God's tabernacle not one built by man)."
Q. Verse 3 - How does the High Priest get to be High Priest?
A. By Appointment (appointed by God as through the family of Moses, the First High Priest).
Q. Verse 3 - What would the OT High Priest bring to offer to God?
A. The blood of bulls and goats (gifts and sacrifices)
Q. Verse 4 - Why wouldn't Jesus be High Priest on the earth?
A. He is not a member of the genealogy of Moses (a Levite). Only members of Moses family are appointed by God to be Priests.
Q. Verse 4-5 - What was the purpose of the OT Priest?
A. To offer the gifts according to the Law, to serve a copy and shadow of heavenly things - as God testified that the earthly tabernacle was to be built exactly as a copy and shadow of the real tabernacle of God in Heaven.
Q. Verse 6 - Explain Christ's MORE excellent ministry (than the Levite)
A. Christ's ministry of High Priest is as the Mediator (administrator) of the New Covenant.
Q. Verse 6 - In two words describe His Ministry
A. "More Excellent"
Q. Verse 6 - Why was this covenant better?
A. It is of God, Real and True.
Q. Verse 6 - What are the "Better Promises?"
A. The total and complete redemption of "All Those Who Would Believe" (all those things that result from that one act of sacrifice).
7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second.
Q. Verse 7 - What is the meaning of Verse 7?
A. If the blood of bulls and goats could have brought remission of sin then there would be no need for God to send His Son to provide a more effective sacrifice.
Verse 8 tells of the benefits of the New Covenant to those who ABIDE in it. That does not mean abide as constancy, but those who have taken residence because of a faith like Abrahams - the Family of Faith.
8 For finding fault with them, He says,
Q. Verse 8a - What does the Lord mean - "Finding fault with them"?
A. Finding fault with the 1st Covenant, Law, Sacrifices, Ordinances, and the priesthood in general.
This next section is a series of quotes from the Old Testament, a collection if you will, of the covenant promises of "The Great and Mighty Day of the Lord." It is at that time when all the promises made to the faithful are complete.
“Behold, days are coming, says the Lord,
When I will effect a new covenant
With the house of Israel and with the house of Judah;
We know that the New Covenant, written in the Blood of Christ, was established with Jesus' death and resurrection. Jesus, like the types found in the Old Testament, became the High Priest of God and delivered "The Blood of God" to the Mercy Seat by seating Himself upon that seat - at the right hand of God Almighty. Israel had rejected her God and her Messiah shortly before this took place and the Age of the Church was begun with the setting aside of Israel for this part of God's plan. There is coming a time when God is finished with the Age of the Church. At that time there will be a winnowing season (The Tribulation) where Israel is purged from all unbelief and then coming out of that season there will be a New Israel, led by the house of Judah and at that time The New Covenant will be established with them.
9 Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers
On the day when I took them by the hand
To lead them out of the land of Egypt;
For they did not continue in My covenant,
And I did not care for them, says the Lord.
God tells us that the Nation of Israel, largely, failed in its Old Covenant responsibilities. Israel pursued selfishness and Idolatry at the exclusion of God and Godliness, "for the did not continue in My covenant." The end result of their unbelief has left them in a place where God "did not care for them."
10 “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel
After those days, says the Lord:
I will put My laws into their minds,
And I will write them on their hearts.
And I will be their God,
And they shall be My people.
While believers experience the promises of the New Covenant now in the Church Age we do so because we are the beneficiaries of the nature and character of God as adult sons (position). However the promises presented here are to the Nation of Israel following the Tribulation - into the Millennium - and on into Eternity.
11 “And they shall not teach everyone his fellow citizen,
And everyone his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’
For all will know Me,
From the least to the greatest of them.
12 “For I will be merciful to their iniquities,
And I will remember their sins no more.”
13 When He said, “A new covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.
Once again remembering the quality of transition of the book of Hebrews. Written to Hebrew believers so that they might understand what is happening in them and their religion. The New Covenant has been established with the death and resurrection of Jesus, however the benefits of this New Covenant have not yet been realized.
This study continues with Hebrews Chapter 9