THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
CHAPTER SEVEN

Introduction

James Deering, AncientPath.net

1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)    (alternate text in purple)

(7:1)
For
    this
    Melchizedek,
    king of Salem,
    priest of the Most High God,
    who met Abraham
        as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings
        and blessed him,

(7:2)
        to whom also
        Abraham apportioned
            a tenth part of all the spoils,
        was first of all,
            by the translation of his name,
                king of righteousness,
        and then also
            king of Salem,
            which is king of peace.

(7:3)
        Without father
         without mother,
        without genealogy,
        having neither
            beginning of days
            nor end of life,
            but made like the Son of God,
        he abides a priest perpetually.

(7:4)
    Now
        observe how great
        this man was
            to whom Abraham,
                the patriarch,
                    gave a tenth (or a tithe) of the choicest spoils.

(7:5)
And
        those indeed of the sons of Levi
        who receive the priest's office
            have commandment in the Law (lit., according to the Law)
                to collect a tenth (or a tithe)
                    from the people,
            that is,
                from their brethren,
                although these are descended (lit., have come out of the loins of Abraham) from Abraham.

(7:6)
But
    the one whose genealogy is not traced from them
        collected a tenth (or a tithe) from Abraham, and
        blessed the one who had the promises.

(7:7)
But
    without any dispute
        the lesser is blessed by the greater.

(7:8)
    And in this case
        mortal men receive tithes,
    but in that case
        one receives them,
            of whom it is witnessed that he lives on.

(7:9)
And,
    so to speak,
    through Abraham
        even Levi,
            who received tithes, paid tithes,

(7:10)
                for
                    he was still in the loins of his father
                        when Melchizedek met him.

(7:11)
Now
    if perfection
        was through the Levitical priesthood
        (for on the basis of it the people received the Law),
    what further need was there
        for another priest to arise
            according to the order of Melchizedek, and
            not be designated according to the order of Aaron?

(7:12)
For when
    the priesthood is changed,
        of necessity there takes place a change of law also.

(7:13)
For
    the one concerning whom these things are spoken
        belongs to another tribe,
            from which no one has officiated at the altar.

(7:14)
For
    it is evident that
        our Lord was descended from (lit., rose from) Judah,
        a tribe with reference to which
        Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.

(7:15)
And
    this is clearer still,
        if another priest arises
        according to the likeness of Melchizedek,

(7:16)
            who has become such
            not on the basis of a law of physical requirement,
        but
            according to the power of an indestructible life.

(7:17)
For
    it is witnessed of Him,

"THOU ART A PRIEST FOREVER ACCORDING TO THE ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK."

(7:18)
For,
    on the one hand,
        there is a setting aside
            of a former commandment
            because of its weakness and uselessness

(7:19)
            (for the Law made nothing perfect)
    and on the other hand
        there is a bringing in of a better hope,
            through which we draw near to God.

(7:20)
And inasmuch as
    it was not without an oath

(7:21)
    (for they indeed became priests without an oath,
    but He with an oath through the One who said to Him,

"THE LORD HAS SWORN AND WILL NOT CHANGE HIS MIND, 'THOU ART A PRIEST FOREVER'");

(7:22)
so much the more also
    Jesus has become the guarantee
        of a better covenant.

(7:23)
And
    the former priests,
        on the one hand,
            existed in greater numbers,
                because they were prevented by death from continuing,

(7:24)
    but He,
        on the other hand,
        because He abides forever,
        holds His priesthood permanently.

(7:25)
    Hence, also,
        He is able to save forever (or completely)
            those who draw near to God
                through Him,
                    since He always lives to make intercession for them.

(7:26)
    For
        it was fitting
            that we should have such a high priest,
                holy,
                innocent,
                undefiled,
                separated from sinners and
                exalted above the heavens;

(7:27)
                who does not need daily,
                    like those high priests,
                        to offer up sacrifices,
                            first for His own sins,
                                and then
                            for the sins of the people,
                                because
                                    this He did once for all
                                    when He offered up Himself.

(7:28)
                                For
                                    the Law appoints men
                                    as high priests who are weak,
                                but the word of the oath,
                                    which came after the Law,
                                    appoints a Son,
                                        made perfect forever.


ABOUT: (Questions to be explored based on this study's verses)

(7:1)
For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him,
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
2.  Why single out THIS Melchizedek?
3.  Recheck the notes on Chapter 6 that concern Melchizedek.
4.  Where was Salem, by what other name was Salem known in later generations?
5.  Research what a "king" would be during this time period.
6.  Was Melchizedek a Jew? (child of Abraham)
7.  Was Melchizedek from the tribe of Levi?
8.  Consider the phrase "priest of the Most High God."
9.  When did Melchizedek meet with Abraham?
10.  Research "the slaughter of the kings." (Genesis 14)
11.  What part did Abraham play in "the slaughter of the kings?"
12.  What part did Melchizedek play in "the slaughter of the Kings?
13.  How did Melchizedek bless Abraham?

(7:2)
to whom also Abraham apportioned a tenth part of all the spoils, was first of all, by the translation of his name, king of righteousness, and then also king of Salem, which is king of peace.
1.  Why would Abraham pay a tenth part of all the spoils to Melchizedek
2.  Why is it important that the translation of Melchizedek is "king of righteousness?"
3.  Why does the writer restate that Melchizedek was "king of Salem?"
4.  Why is it important the the translation of "Salem" is "peace?"
5.  Who else do you know as King, King of Righteousness, King of Peace?

(7:3)
Without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he abides a priest perpetually.
1.  How does the writer know that Melchizedek is without father, mother, genealogy, beginning or end?
2.  Can you reconcile Melchizedek as having no father, mother, genealogy, beginning or end, with what you know about the Son of God?
3.  What does it mean "he abides?"
4.  Why would this "priesthood" be different than the Aaronic, family of Levi, Priesthood?
5.  How long will the Son of God function as Priest?

(7:4)
Now observe how great this man was to whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth of the choicest spoils.
1.  What is the significance of the word "now"?
2.  O.K., observe how great Melchizedek was.

(7:5)
And those indeed of the sons of Levi who receive the priest's office have commandment in the Law to collect a tenth from the people, that is, from their brethren, although these are descended from Abraham.
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?
2.  Compare the similarities and the differences between the tithe paid to Melchizedek and the tithe paid to the Levite priests.
3.   What conclusions can you come to as both priesthoods, one under the nations, one under Mosaic Law, tithed a percentage to the priesthood?

(7:6)
But the one whose genealogy is not traced from them collected a tenth from Abraham, and blessed the one who had the promises.
1.  What is the significance of the word "but"?
2.  Of Whom is the writer speaking of as "the one whose genealogy is not traced from them?
3.  Who is the "them" here?
4.  Consider: this unrelated priest, from Salem, collected a tenth from Abraham (the Father of the Jews), As A Priest (as opposed to paying a highway toll).
5.  Was the blessing a payment in return for the collection of the tenth? If not, why not? If so, why so?
6.  Who "had the promises?"
7.  What were the "promises?"
8.  What was the blessing?

(7:7)
But without any dispute the lesser is blessed by the greater.
1.  What is the significance of the word "but"?
2.  Is this just a statement of fact?
3.  How could one of less standing bring blessing to one above them?
4.  Who gives the blessing here?
5.  Who receives the blessing here?
6.  Who is the greater here?
7.  Who is the lesser here?

(7:8)
And in this case mortal men receive tithes, but in that case one receives them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives on.
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?
2.  Consider a priesthood based on "ones who live," as opposed to "ones who die.?

(7:9)
And, so to speak, through Abraham even Levi, who received tithes, paid tithes,
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?
2.  What does this sentence mean to you?
3.  What does this say about us and Adam and his original sin?

(7:10)
for he was still in the loins of his father when Melchizedek met him.
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
2.  Who was "still in the loins..."?
3.  What does the phrase "still in the loins" mean?
4.  Who was his father?
5.  About how many generations are there between Abraham and Levi?
6.  Who is the "him" In this sentence?

(7:11)
Now if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for on the basis of it the people received the Law), what further need was there for another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be designated according to the order of Aaron?
1.  What is the significance of the words "now" and "if"?
2.  What kind of perfection is meant here?
3.  What came through the Levitical Priesthood?
4.  What is the relationship between the "Order of Aaron," and the "Levitical Priesthood"?
5.  What was "the basis of it"?
6.  Reason through the phrase "for on the basis of it the people received the Law."
7.  Can you answer the question of this verse? ("what further need was there for another priest to arise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be designated according to the order of Aaron?) as to:
        A.  List what needs there were that were not covered under the Law and the order of Aaron.
        B.  What other priest has been raised up?
        C.  Consider again why Christ is of the order of Melchizedek and why that is so important.
        D.  Consider again why Christ is NOT of the order of Aaron and why that is so important.

(7:12)
For when the priesthood is changed, of necessity there takes place a change of law also.
1.  What is the significance of the words "for" and "when"?
2.  When was the priesthood changed?
3.  Has this happened before?
4.  What role does the priesthood play in the Bible?
5.  Was there a priesthood before Aaron?
6.  When was the Aaronic priesthood established?
7.  When did the Aaronic priesthood end?
8.  What priesthood replaced it?
9.  When did the Mosaic Law come into being?
10.  When did the Law come to an end?
11.  What Law replaced it?
12.  Look up and discuss:
        A.  Genesis 25:1-4, 1 Chronicles 1:32-33
        B.  Exodus 2:16
        C.  Exodus 3:1
        D.  Exodus 18:1

(7:13)
For the one concerning whom these things are spoken belongs to another tribe, from which no one has officiated at the altar.
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
2.  Who is "the one concerning whom these things are spoken"?
3.  What are "these things"?
4.  What Hebrew tribe did Jesus belong to?
5.  What tribe did the Aaronic Priesthood belong to?
6.  What tribe did Melchizedek belong to?
7.  Why hadn't anyone from the tribe of Judah officiate at the altar?
8.  What does it mean to "Officiate"?
9.  What altar is spoken of here?

(7:14)
For it is evident that our Lord was descended from Judah, a tribe with reference to which Moses spoke nothing concerning priests.
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
2.  Go to the Gospels and go through the genealogies of Christ, looking for evidence of His tribe?
3.  List the names of the Tribes of Israel.
4.  Who were Judah's parents? Grand parents?
5.  What tribe did the priests come from?
6.  Why?

(7:15)
And this is clearer still, if another priest arises according to the likeness of Melchizedek,
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?
2.  How did Christ get to be High Priest?
3.  Describe "according to the likeness" of Melchizedek.

(7:16)
who has become such not on the basis of a law of physical requirement, but according to the power of an indestructible life.
1.  Who has become...?
2.  What has He become?
3.  What is the significance of the word "not" here?
4.  On what basis was the Levitical priesthood choosen?
5.  What law made the priesthood by family blood only?
6.  What family?
7.  What is the significance of the word "but" here?
8.  On what basis was the priesthood of Jesus Christ based on?
9.  What kind of power?
10.  Describe the term "indestructible life."

(7:17)
For it is witnessed of Him, "THOU ART A PRIEST FOREVER ACCORDING TO THE ORDER OF MELCHIZEDEK."
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
2.  Who witnessed of Him?
3.  Where does the Scriptures say this?
4.  Who is the "Thou" here?
5.  What is the function of a priest?
6.  How long has Christ been a priest?
7.  What kind of a priest is He?
8.  Summarize "the order of Melchizedek" and what that term now means to you.

(7:18)
For, on the one hand, there is a setting aside of a former commandment because of its weakness and uselessness
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?
 

(7:19)
(for the Law made nothing perfect), and on the other hand there is a bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to God.
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?

(7:20)
And inasmuch as it was not without an oath
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?

(7:21)
(for they indeed became priests without an oath, but He with an oath through the One who said to Him, "THE LORD HAS SWORN AND WILL NOT CHANGE HIS MIND, 'THOU ART A PRIEST FOREVER'");
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?

(7:22)
so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.

(7:23)
And the former priests, on the one hand, existed in greater numbers, because they were prevented by death from continuing,
1.  What is the significance of the word "and"?

(7:24)
but He, on the other hand, because He abides forever, holds His priesthood permanently.
1.  What is the significance of the word "but"?

(7:25)
Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.

(7:26)
For it was fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners and exalted above the heavens;
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?

(7:27)
who does not need daily, like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins, and then for the sins of the people, because this He did once for all when He offered up Himself.

(7:28)
For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, appoints a Son, made perfect forever.
1.  What is the significance of the word "for"?


REFERENCES:

(7:1)
Genesis 14:18-20
Hebrews 7:6
Mark 5:7

(7:2)

(7:3)
Hebrews 7:6; 7:28; 7:1
Matthew 4:3

(7:4)
Acts 2:29

(7:5)
Numbers 18:21, 26
2 Corinthians 31:4 f

(7:6)
Hebrews 7:3; 7:1 f
Romans 4:13

(7:7)

(7:8)
Hebrews 5:6; 6:20

(7:9)

(7:10)

(7:11)
Hebrews 7:18 f; 8:7; 9:6; 7:17; 5:6

(7:12)

(7:13)
Hebrews 7:14; 7:11

(7:14)
Revelation 5:5
Matthew 2:6
Micah 5:2
Isaiah 11:1
Numbers 24:17

(7:15)

(7:16)
Hebrews 9:10; 9:14

(7:17)
Psalms 110:4
Hebrews 7:21; 5:6

(7:18)
Hebrews 7:11
Romans 8:3
Galatians 3:21

(7:19)
Hebrews 9:9; 10:1; 3:6; 7:25; 4:16; 10:1, 22
Acts 13:39
Romans 3:20; 7:7 f
Galatians 2:16; 3:21
Lamentations 3:57
James 4:8

(7:20)

(7:21)
Psalms 110:4
Hebrews 7:17; 5:6; 7:23 f, 28
Numbers 23:19
1 Samuel 15:29
Romans 11:29

(7:22)
Psalms 119:122
Isaiah 38:14
Hebrews 8:6

(7:23)

(7:24)
Hebrews 7:23 f

(7:25)
1 Corinthians 1:21
Hebrews 7:19; 9:24
Romans 8:34

(7:26)
Hebrews 2:17; 4:15; 4:14
2 Corinthians 5:21
1 Peter 2:22

(7:27)
Hebrews 5:1; 5:3; 9:12; 9:28; 9:14, 28; 10:10, 12
Ephesians 5:2

(7:28)
Hebrews 5:2; 1:2; 2:10


1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

2012-11-23