THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
CHAPTER TWO

Introduction

James Deering, AncientPath.net

1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (KVJ)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)    (alternate text in purple)

(Hebrews 2:1)
THEREFORE:

    We (believers, members of God’s household of faith)
        Ought to give the more earnest heed
            To the things we have heard, (lit., the things that have been heard)
                Lest, at any time,
    We should let them (the things we’ve heard) slip (drift away).
(2:2)
FOR

    IF
        the word spoken by Angles (to Angles, through Angels)
            Was steadfast (binding), and (or unalterable)
            Every transgression and disobedience
                Received a just recompense of reward (Angels condemned without recourse)
(2:3)
    (THEN)

        How shall we escape
            If we neglect so great a salvation;
                Which
                    At the first began to be (lit., which was) spoken by the Lord (Jesus Christ) and
                    Was confirmed unto us (here now)
                        By them (there then) who heard Him; (Jesus Christ);
(2:4)
                            God (the Father) also bearing them, (those who heard Him, Jesus Christ)
                                Both with
                                    signs and wonders, and with
                                    divers miracles, and (or, works of power)
                                    gifts (lit., distributions) of the Holy Spirit,
                                according to His (God the Father) own will?


(2:5)
FOR

    Unto the Angels
        Hath He (God, the Father)
            NOT put into subjection
                The world to come (whereof we speak). (lit., the inhabited earth)
(2:6)
BUT
    One in a certain place testified, saying:
        “What is man,
            “that Thou (God, the Father) art mindful of him?”
        “or (specifically) The Son of Man (Jesus Christ)
            “that Thou (God the Father)
            “visits Him (Jesus Christ)?
(2:7)
    Thou (God, the Father)
        Made him (Jesus Christ) a little lower than the Angels;
    Thou
        Crowned him (Jesus Christ) with glory and honor, and
        Didst set him (Jesus Christ) over the works of Thy (God, the Father) hands: (some mss. omit)
(2:8)
            Thou (God, the Father) hast put all things in subjection
                Under his (Jesus Christ) feet.
                    FOR
                        In that He (God, the Father) put all in subjection under him (Jesus Christ),
                        He (God, the Father) left nothing that is not put under him (Jesus Christ).
(2:9)
BUT
    We see Jesus,
        Who (Jesus Christ) was made a little lower than the Angels
            FOR
                The suffering and death,
                    Crowned with glory and honor
                        That
                            He (Jesus Christ)
                                By the Grace of God (the Father)
                                Should taste death
                                    For every man.
(2:10)
        FOR
            It became Him (Jesus Christ)
                For whom (Jesus Christ) are all things, and
                By whom (Jesus Christ) are all things
                In bringing many sons (believers) to Glory,
                    To make the captain (or, leader) of their (believers') salvation
                        Perfect
                            Through sufferings.
(2:11)
        FOR
            Both
                He who sanctifies (Jesus Christ), and
                They who are (or, being) sanctified (believers)
                Are all of ONE:
            For which cause
                He (Jesus Christ)
                    Is not ashamed to call them (believers) “brothers,”
(2:12)
                    saying,
                        “I (Jesus Christ) will declare Thy Name (God, the Father)
                            Unto my “brothers,”
                        “In the midst of the assembly (body of Christ) (lit., church)
                        “Will I (Jesus Christ) sing praise unto Thee (God, the Father).
(2:13)
                    And again,
                        “I (Jesus Christ) will put my trust in Him (God, the Father).
                    And again,
                        “Behold, I (Jesus Christ) and the children (believers)
                            “which God (the Father)
                                “hath given Me (Jesus Christ).”
(2:14)
FORASMUCH
then
    AS the children (believers, mankind in general)
        Are partakers of flesh and blood, (lit., blood and flesh)
    He (Jesus Christ) Himself
        Likewise took part of the same;
        THAT
            THROUGH death He (Jesus Christ) might destroy him that had the power of death
                That is, the devil;
(2:15)
            And deliver them (believers, mankind in general) who
                Through fear of death
                    Were all their lifetime subjects of bondage.
(2:16)
FOR

    Truly
        He (Jesus Christ) took NOT on himself the nature of Angels;
    BUT
        He (Jesus Christ) took on himself “The Seed of Abraham.” (lit., take hold of angels, but He takes hold of)
(2:17)
WHEREFORE
    In all things
        It behooved Him (Jesus Christ)
            To be made like unto His (Jesus Christ) “brothers,” (lit., was obligated to be)
                THAT
                    He (Jesus Christ) might be a
                        Merciful and
                        Faithful
                    High Priest
                        In things pertaining to God (the Father),
                        To make reconciliation
                            For the sins of the people.
(2:18)
                    FOR
                        In that He (Jesus Christ) Himself
                            Hath suffered
                                Being tested,
                            He is able to succor them (the people)
                                That are tested.

 


ABOUT: (Questions to be explored based on this study's verses)

(Hebrews 2:1)
"Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip." (KJV)
"For this reason we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it." (NASB)

1.  When you see the word "therefore" what are you supposed to do?
2.  In this context, what have the members of this Hebrew-Christian congregation heard?
3.  Was this congregation made up of believers only?
4.  Were there some who have not received Jesus Christ as their personal savior amongst them?
5.  Were there some who have received Jesus Christ as their personal savior amongst them?
6.  When God makes a contract with someone, is He able to keep it?
7.  When Jesus Christ makes a contract with someone, is He able to keep it?
8.  Can a believer "drift away" from his salvation in Christ if Christ is able to keep that contract?
9.  Is the power of God greater than all my sin?
10.  If there are two kinds of members of this Hebrew-Christian congregation, those who believe, and those who have not yet believed, which ones are in danger of "drifting away"?

(2:2)
"For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward;" (KJV)
"For if the word spoken through angels proved unalterable, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompense," (NASB)

1.  Could angels participate in the salvation offered by Jesus Christ?
2.  Were angels punished directly for "every transgression and disobedience"?
3.  Was there any escape for them?
4.  Was the punishment of disobedient angels just?
5.  What is "recompense"?

(2:3)
"How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;" (KJV)
"how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? After it was at the first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard," (NASB)

1. Who is the writer of Hebrews speaking to here?
2.  If God's judgment upon the angels was a "Just Recompense," how shall an unbeliever escape?
3.  How can salvation be neglected?
4.  Who spoke "the good news" first?
5.  Who were those who "confirmed" those words?

(2:4)
"God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?" (KJV)
"God also bearing witness with them, both by signs and wonders and by various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit according to His own will." (NASB)

1.  Who bore witness through wonders, miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit?
2.  Were wonders, and miracles only performed by God through Jesus Christ?
3.  Make a chart of the "wonders, miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit" from the New Testament writings.
4.  In what circumstances are wonders, miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit" found? (give context, people present, and new revelation given in each instance)
5.  By who's own will do wonders, miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit occur?

(2:5)
"
For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak." (KJV)
"For He did not subject to angels the world to come, concerning which we are speaking." (NASB)

1.  What does the word "For" signify here?
2.  What is the "world to come"?
3.  When is that going to happen?
4.  Has God, the Father, placed the "world to come" under the subjection of the angels?
5.  Who has God, the Father, placed the "world to come" under the subjection of?

(2:6)
"
But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?" (KJV)
"But one has testified somewhere, saying, "WHAT IS MAN, THAT THOU REMEMBEREST HIM? OR THE SON OF MAN, THAT THOU ART CONCERNED ABOUT HIM?" (NASB)

1.  Where in the scriptures does it say, "What is man ..."? (name at least 4 places)
2.  Which one of the 4 places you found is the one referenced to Hebrews 2:6?
3.  Who is the person spoken of in the reference here?
4.  What is the answer to this question?

(2:7)
"
Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:" (KJV)
"THOU HAST MADE HIM FOR A LITTLE WHILE LOWER THAN THE ANGELS; THOU HAST CROWNED HIM WITH GLORY AND HONOR, AND HAST APPOINTED HIM OVER THE WORKS OF THY HANDS;" (NASB)

1.  Who made "Him" a little lower than the angels?
2.  Does this mean God created Jesus Christ?
3.  Does this mean that Jesus Christ was created "lower than the angels"?
4.  Are the angels "works of Thy (God's) hands"
5.  Does this mean that Jesus was appointed over the angels?
6.  For how long was Jesus lower than the angels?
7.  When was this accomplished?
8.  How was it accomplished?
9.  What was His (Jesus') standing, before and after, these events?
 

(2:8)
"
Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him." (KJV)
"THOU HAST PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET." For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him." (NASB)

1.  Who put all things in subjection under "His feet"?
2.  How many things were put into subjection?
3.  Under who's feet?
4.  If God, the Father, placed all things under the subjection of Jesus Christ, why does it say that "but now we do not yet see all things subjected to him"?

(2:9)
"
But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man." (KJV)
"But we do see Him who has been made for a little while lower than the angels, namely, Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God He might taste death for everyone." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the word "but" here?
2.  Who do we see now?
3.  Have you "seen" Jesus, or have we now seen that Jesus was placed lower than the angels to suffer death, to be crowned with Glory and Honor, in that He tasted death, and defeated death for every man?
4.  How did Jesus taste "suffering and death"?
5.  When did Jesus do this?
6.  For whom did Jesus do this?
7.  The last phrase, "that by the grace of God," does that mean that the death of Jesus Christ was the product of God's Grace?
8.  Does that mean that the free gift of salvation, provided for by Jesus Christ's death, is the product of God's Grace?

(2:10)
"
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings." (KJV)
"For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings." (NASB)

1.  Study this sentence carefully...

    For
        it was FITTING for Jesus Christ
            For whom ALL things were made, and
            Through whom ALL things were made
        To perfect Himself (the author of everyman's salvation) through the suffering of Death
        To bring about the bringing of MANY SONS to God's Glory.

(2:11)
"
For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren," (KJV)
"For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren," (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the word "For" here?
2.  What is the significance of the word "both" here?
3.  What does the word "sanctify" mean?
4.  Who is He that sanctifies ? (before answering this question, read The Gospel of John, Chapter 17, verses 1-12)
5.  Who are the "those who are sanctified"?
6.  What does the word "all" mean?
7.  Who is "from one Father"?
8.  Who is the One Father?
9.  What is the reason that Jesus Christ is not ashamed to call them brothers?

(2:12)
"
Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee." (KJV)
"saying, "I WILL PROCLAIM THY NAME TO MY BRETHREN, IN THE MIDST OF THE CONGREGATION I WILL SING THY PRAISE."" (NASB)

1a.  Who is "saying"? (remembering this is a quote from the Old Testament)
1b.  This is a messianic verse, therefore Jesus will also declare the Father's name and sing His praises among the members of the "Book of Life" when they are all gathered together.
2.  Who will "declare or proclaim"?
3.  What does declare or proclaim mean?
4.  Who is "Thy"?
5a.  What is God's Name, as in "how do you do, my name is......"?
5b.  What is God's Name, as those things represented by a name (character, reputation, etc.)?
6.  Where is God's name to be proclaimed.
7.  Who makes up the "congregation" or "church" spoken of here?

(2:13)
"
And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me." (KJV)
"And again, "I WILL PUT MY TRUST IN HIM." And again, "BEHOLD, I AND THE CHILDREN WHOM GOD HAS GIVEN ME."" (NASB)

1.  Same as Verse 2:12, but restated (consider rereading John 17:1-12)

(2:14)
"
Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;" (KJV)
"Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil;" (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the word "forasmuch," or "since" here?
2.  Does this mean that Jesus Christ was "Flesh and Blood"?
3.  Does this mean that Jesus Christ died in His "Flesh and Blood"?
4.  What was the result of His "Flesh and Blood" death?
5.  Who is the "ruler" of this world?
6.  What powers does he have?
7.  What does it mean to have "the power of death"?
8.  By what other names is the devil known?
9.  What has happened to the devil's power through the death of Jesus Christ on the Cross?

(2:15)
"
And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage." (KJV)
"and might deliver those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the word "and" here?
2.  Whom delivered Who?
3.  Describe what it means to you to be subject to bondage (slavery), all of your life (without Jesus Christ), through the fear of death.

(2:16)
"
For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham." (KJV)
"For assuredly He does not give help to angels, but He gives help to the descendant of Abraham." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the word "for" here?
2.  "For, and this is the truth," Did Jesus Christ become an angel to save angels?
3.  Did Jesus Christ become a man to save man?
4.  What kind of man did Jesus Christ become?
5.  Who specifically is "the seed of Abraham"? (before answering read Romans 4:3-13, and Galatians 3:26-29)

(2:17)
"
Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people." (KJV)
"Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people." (NASB)

1.  When you see the word "Therefore" (or wherefore) what are you supposed to do?
2.  How much like you and me was Jesus?
3.  What could be different about Jesus Christ from you and me that would prevent Him from becoming a merciful and faithful high priest (The High Priest)?
4.  Describe "merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God"
5.  What did Israel's High Priest do once a year?
6.  What did this accomplish for the people of Israel?
7.  Define the word "propitiation."
8.  Propitiation for what?

(2:18)
"
For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted." (KJV)
"For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the phrase "for in that" here?
2.  What is significant about the words "He, Himself"?
3.  Who is "He Himself"?
4.  Can you define the use of the word "tempted" as used in this verse?
5.  Make a list of the things Jesus "suffered" during His life?
6.  Being truly God, and truly man, what was Jesus "tempted" to do during His sufferings?
7.  Would Jesus have hurt His relationship to His Father if He did not rely 100% upon His Father during Jesus' sufferings?
8.  Since Jesus relied entirely upon the will of His Father during His earthly life, He is able to come to the aid of we who suffer.


REFERENCES:

(Hebrews 2:1)
Proverbs 3:21

(2:2)
Hebrews 1:1
Acts 7:53
Hebrews 10:28
Hebrews 10:35
Hebrews 11:26

(2:3)
Hebrews 10:29; 12:25; 1:14; 1 Corinthians 1:21; Hebrews 1:1; Mark 16:20; Luke 1:2
1 John 1:1

(2:4)
John 4:48
Mark 6:14
1 Corinthians 12:4, 11
Ephesians 4:7
Ephesians 1:5

(2:5)
Hebrews 6:5
Matthew 24:14
Hebrews 1:6

(2:6)
1 Thessalonians 4:6
Hebrews 4:4
Psalms 8:4

(2:7)
Psalms 8:5-6

(2:8)
Psalms 8:6
1 Corinthians 15:27
1 Corinthians 15:25

(2:9)
Hebrews 2:7
Philippians 2:9
Hebrews 1:9
Acts 2:33
Acts 3:13
1 Peter 1:21
John 3:16
Matthew 16:28
John 8:52
Hebrews 6:20
Hebrews 7:25

(2:10)
Luke 24:26
Romans 11:36
Hebrews 5:9
Hebrews 7:28
Luke 13:32
Acts 3:15
Acts 5:31

(2:11)
Hebrews 13:12
Hebrews 10:10
Acts 17:28
Matthew 25:40
Mark 3:34
John 20:17

(2:12)
Psalms 22:22

(2:13)
Isaiah 8:17
Isaiah 8:18

(2:14)
Matthew 16:17
John 1:14
Hebrews 7:13
1 Corinthians 15:54-57
2 Timothy 1:10
1 John 3:8
John 12:31

(2:15)
Romans 8:15

(2:16)

(2:17)
Hebrews 2:14
Philippians 2:7
Hebrews 4:15; 5:2; 3:1; 4:14; 5:5; 5:10; 6:20; 7:26; 7:28; 8:1; 8:3; 9:11; 10:21; 4:14; 10:23
2 Corinthians 9:13

(2:18)
Hebrews 4:15


1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

2012-11-23