THE BOOK OF HEBREWS
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction

James Deering, AncientPath.net

1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (KJV)  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)    (alternate text in purple) (Gray horizontal lines are paragraph divisions)
(Hebrews 1:1)
God,
    Who
        At sundry times and
        In divers manners
            Spoke
                In time past
                Unto the fathers
                    By the prophets,
(1:2)
        Hath
            In these days
                Spoke
                    Unto us
                        By His Son, whom
                            He (God, the Father)
                                Hath appointed
                                    Heir of all things,
                        By whom (Jesus Christ, the Son)
                            He (God, the Father)
                                Made the worlds;
(1:3)
                            Who (Jesus Christ, the Son)
                            Being
                                the brightness of His (God the Father) Glory, and
                                the express image of His Person, and
                                    upholding all things
                                        by the word of His power (Jesus Christ)
                            When He (Jesus Christ) had
                                By Himself
                                    Purged our sins,
                                        Sat down
                                            on the Right Hand
                                            of the Majesty (God the Father)
                                            on high;
(1:4)
(Jesus, The Son)
being made
    so much better than
        the Angels,
    as He (Jesus Christ) hath
        by inheritance
        obtained
            a more excellent name
                than they (the Angels).
(1:5)
For which of the angels
    Said He (God, the Father)
        “Thou art My son,
        “this day have I begotten thee?
    and again,
        “I will be to him a father, and
            he will be to me a son?
(1:6)
    and again,
        when He (God, the Father) brings in the First Begotten
            into the world,
    He (God the Father) saith,
        “And let all the Angels of God worship him?”
(1:7)
And of the Angels
    He (God, the Father) saith,
        “Who makes
            “His Angels spirits, and
            “His ministers a flame of fire.”
(1:8)
But

    Unto the Son (Jesus Christ)
    He (God, the Father) saith,
        “Thy (God the Son, Jesus Christ) throne,
        “Oh, God,
            “is forever, and ever:
        “a scepter of righteousness (uprightness)
        “is the scepter
            “of Thy Kingdom.”
(1:9)

"THOU HAST LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED LAWLESSNESS; THEREFORE GOD, THY GOD, HATH ANOINTED THEE WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE THY COMPANIONS."

(1:10)
And,

"THOU, LORD, IN THE BEGINNING DIDST LAY THE FOUNDATION OF THE EARTH, AND THE HEAVENS ARE THE WORKS OF THY HANDS;

(1:11)

11 THEY WILL PERISH, BUT THOU REMAINEST; AND THEY ALL WILL BECOME OLD AS A GARMENT,
 

(1:12)

12 AND AS A MANTLE THOU WILT ROLL THEM UP; AS A GARMENT THEY WILL ALSO BE CHANGED. BUT THOU ART THE SAME, AND THY YEARS WILL NOT COME TO AN END."


(1:13)
But to which of the angels has He ever said,

"SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I MAKE THINE ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR THY FEET"?

(1:14)
Are they (the Angels) not all ministering spirits,
    Sent forth to minister
        For them (believers, members of God’s household of faith)
            Who shall be heirs of salvation?
 


ABOUT: (Questions to be explored based on this study's verses)
(1:1)
"
God, Who At sundry times and In divers manners Spoke In time past Unto the fathers By the prophets," (KJV)
"God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways," (NASB)
 

1.  Of all the gods in the world which one is this one?
2.  Did God speak?
3.  When did God speak?
4.  How did God speak?
5.  To whom did God speak?
5.  Who are considered to be "The Fathers"?
6.  Who were the Prophets?
7.  What did Prophets do?
8.  Who, by name, were the Prophets?
9.  What books of the Bible were considered to be "Prophetical?"
10.  List some ways that God spoke through the Prophets.

(1:2)
"Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;" (KJV)
"in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world." (NASB)

1.  When are the "last days" spoken of here?
2.  Who has spoken to us in these "last days?"
3.  Who is "His Son?"
4.  Who is the "His" here?
5.  Who is the "heir of all things?"
6.  How did He get to be "Heir of all things?"
7.  How many things are "all things?"
8.  God made the world through whom?
9.  When did He make the world?
10.  Who would he have to be to create the world ("all things")?

(1:3)
"Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;" (KJV)
"And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high;" (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the conjunction "and" here?
2.  Who is the "He" in the first sentence?
3.  Can you describe "radiance of His glory?"
4.  Can you describe "the exact representation of His nature?"
5.  What is the "nature" of God?
6.  What is the significance of the word "exact" here?
7.  Who would he have to be to "uphold all things by the word of His power?"
8.  How much power does He have?
9.  What does the expression "word of His power" mean?
10.  Who made purification of sins?
11.  Whose sins?
12.  What did He do, when he was finished?
13.  What does "sat down" signify about Jesus Christ?
14.  Where did He sit when he "sat down?"
15.  What is significant about "the right hand of God?"
16.  Where did this take place?
17.  Does Jesus still sit there?
18.  Who is there beside Him?

(1:4)
"Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they." (KJV)
"having become as much better than the angels, as He has inherited a more excellent name than they." (NASB)

1.  Was Jesus better than the angels (or any angel)?
2.  How did He get to be better than them?
3.  What is an "inheritance?"
4.  What was the "inheritance" that Jesus Christ received?
5.  Who passed on that "inheritance"?
6.  What is the significance of the term "name" as used in the scriptures?
7.  How did Jesus Christ receive His excellent name?
8.  What is the name of "The Son of God?"
9.  Why is His name more excellence than any angel?

(1:5)
"For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?" (KJV)
"For to which of the angels did He ever say, "THOU ART MY SON, TODAY I HAVE BEGOTTEN THEE"? And again, "I WILL BE A FATHER TO HIM AND HE SHALL BE A SON TO ME"?" (NASB)

1.  Who (or what) is an angel?
2.  Can you name some angels?
3.  Which angel is called "The Son of God?
4.  Which angel did God "beget?"
5.  Which angel can claim God the Father as his "biological" father?

(1:6)
"And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him." (KJV)
"And when He again brings the first-born into the world, He says, "AND LET ALL THE ANGELS OF GOD WORSHIP HIM."" (NASB)

1.  What does the conjunction "and" signify here?
2.  When is the "when" here?
3.  Describe "bringeth in" here.
4.  What is a "first begotten?"
5.  Who is THE "first begotten?"
6.  Where was He brought?
7.  Who brought Him?
8.  Who said, "let all the angels of God worship Him?"
9.  How many angels should worship Him?
10.  Does that include the archangels like Michael, Gabriel, and Lucifer?
11.  What does the word "worship" mean?
12.  What do angels think about being worshipped by men?
13.  What is the primary purpose of an angel?
14.  Who is to be worshiped here?
15.  What does that make Him?

(1:7)
"And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire." (KJV)
"And of the angels He says, "WHO MAKES HIS ANGELS WINDS, AND HIS MINISTERS A FLAME OF FIRE." (NASB)

1.  What verses of scripture are being quoted here?
2.  Who made His angels "winds?"
3.  What is the significance of the term "spirits," or "winds?"
4.  Who are His "ministers" here?
5.  What is the significance of the term "flame of fire?"

(1:8)
"But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of thy kingdom." (KJV)
"But of the Son He says, "THY THRONE, O GOD, IS FOREVER AND EVER, AND THE RIGHTEOUS SCEPTER IS THE SCEPTER OF HIS KINGDOM." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the conjunction "but" here?"
2.  Who spoke to the "Son" here?
3.  Who "Son" is this?
4.  Why does God the Father call His Son "GOD"?
5.  The Son's "what" is "forever and ever?"
6.  How long is "forever and ever?"
7.  What is a "scepter?"
8.  What kind of a "scepter" does the Son have?
9.  Who's "kingdom" is mentioned here?"
10.  If Jesus Christ has a "kingdom" what must He be to that kingdom?

(1:9)
"Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows." (KJV)
"THOU HAST LOVED RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HATED LAWLESSNESS; THEREFORE GOD, THY GOD, HATH ANOINTED THEE WITH THE OIL OF GLADNESS ABOVE THY COMPANIONS." (NASB)

1.  Who has loved righteousness here?
2.  What is righteousness?
3.  What does it mean when it says "loved" righteousness?
4.  Who has hated lawlessness here?
5.  What is lawlessness?
6.  What does it mean when it says "hated" lawlessness?"
7.  When you see the word "therefore" what are you supposed to do?
8.  What is the significance of the term "God, Thy God"?
9.  Who is the "thee" spoken of here?
10.  Who anointed "thee" with the oil of gladness?"
11.  What does the term "oil of gladness" mean?
12.  What is significant about "oil" when used in the scriptures?
13.  What does the term "above thy companions" mean here?
14.  Who, and where, are Jesus Christ's companions?

(1:10)
"And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:" (KJV)
"And, "THOU, LORD, IN THE BEGINNING DIDST LAY THE FOUNDATION OF THE EARTH, AND THE HEAVENS ARE THE WORKS OF THY HANDS;" (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the conjunction "and" here?
2.  Who is the "Thou" here?
3.  When you see the word "LORD" (in all caps), what does it mean?
4.  When was "in the beginning"?
5.  What were the "foundations of the earth"?
6.  Who "lay" them?
7.  Where are "the heavens"?
8.  Who made them?
9.  Does God have hands?

(1:11)
"They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;" (KJV)
"THEY WILL PERISH, BUT THOU REMAINEST; AND THEY ALL WILL BECOME OLD AS A GARMENT," (NASB)

1.  What shall perish?
2.  What does perish mean?
3.  When shall they perish?
4.  Who will be left after they perish?
5.  Do the "Foundations of the earth," and "The heavens" age?

(1:12)
"And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail." (KJV)
"AND AS A MANTLE THOU WILT ROLL THEM UP; AS A GARMENT THEY WILL ALSO BE CHANGED. BUT THOU ART THE SAME, AND THY YEARS WILL NOT COME TO AN END." (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the conjunction "and" here?
2.  What is a "mantle"?
3.  Why would you "roll them up"?
4.  What is the writer of Psalm 95 saying about the foundations of the earth and the heavens?
5.  Who stays "the same"?
6.  Who's years will not come to an end?

(1:13)
"But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?" (KJV)
"But to which of the angels has He ever said, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I MAKE THINE ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR THY FEET"? (NASB)

1.  What is the significance of the conjunction "but" here?
2.  Who is the "He" here?
3.  Did He ever say this?
4.  To Whom did He say this?
5.  Who sits at the right hand of God?

(1:14)
"Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?" (KJV)
"Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?" (NASB)

1.  Who are the "they" of this verse?
2.  What kind of spirits are they?
3.  What does that mean?
4.  What is a "spirit"?
5.  Who sent them out or forth?
6.  Why were they sent forth?
7.  Who are the "them"?
8.  Who are the "heirs of salvation"?
9.  Who are those who will inherit salvation?
10.  How will they inherit salvation?
11.  What does this mean?
12.  What specifically is "salvation"?


REFERENCES:

(1:1)
John 9:29
Hebrews 2:2, 3
Heb 4:8
Heb 12;25
Luke 1:70
Acts 2:30
Numbers 12:6, 8

(1:2)
Deuteronomy 4:30
Hebrews 9:26
1 Peter 1:20
Matthew 3:17
Hebrews 3:6
Hebrews 5:8
Hebrews 8:28
Psalms 2:8
Matthew 11:27
Matthew 28:18
John 1:3
Hebrews 11:3

(1:3)
John 1:14
John 14:9
Colossians 1:17
Titus 2:14
Hebrews 7:27
Hebrews 9:11-14
Mark 16:19

(1:4)
Ephesians 1:21
Philippians 2:9-10
Hebrews 8:6

(1:5)
Psalms 2:7
Matthew 3:17
2 Samuel 7:14

(1:6)
John 3:16
Colossians 1:18
Hebrews 10:5
Deuteronomy 32:43
Psalm 97:7

(1:7)
Psalms 104:4

(1:8)
Luke 1:33

(1:9)
Philippians 2:9
Isaiah 61:132
Psalms 45:6-7

(1:10)
Psalms 8:6
Zechariah 12:1

(1:11)
Isaiah 34:4
Isaiah 51:6
Hebrews 12:27

(1:12)

(1:13)
Mark 16:19
Joshua 10:24
Hebrews 10:13
Psalm 110:1
Matthew 22:44

(1:14)
Psalms 91:11
Psalms 103:20
Daniel 7:10
Matthew 25:34
Mark 10:17
Acts 20:32
Romans 11:14
Hebrews 2:3
Hebrews 5:9
Hebrews 9:28

1. The Visualized Text
2. Questions to be Explored
3. Cross References

2012-11-23