THE BOOK OF 2 THESSALONIANS
Various Authors, Edited as reference material 
2 Thessalonians Quick Summary
|KEY THOUGHT||NO. OF CHAPTERS||KEY VERSE||CHRIST SEEN AS|
|Waiting For Christ||3||2 Thess. 3:5||The Coming Lord|
|The Apostle Paul||A.D. 54||The Christian is to wait, watch and work for the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, when He shall be glorified in His saints and His saints shall be eternally satisfied in Him|
YOU CAN STAY CALM
Lesson Passages: II Thes. 2:1—17
Chapter 2 Summarized:
Contents: The Day of the Lord and the man of sin. Exhortation and instruction.
Conclusion: The blessed hope of Christ’s coming is a doctrine with witch believers are to be deeply affected that they might not be moved about with conflicting and satanic heresies of the last days, when there will general religious apostasy and denial of the program of God’s Word. Let us not be deceived by the doctrine of any man or by the trend of events, to let loose of the hope of His imminent return.
Key Word: Day of Christ, v. 2.
Strong verses: 3, 4, 8.
Christ Seen: vv. 7, 8. The word “letteth,” is lit. “restraineth” or “hindereth.” The Holy Spirit is the restraining influence now in the world. He will hinder the process of Satan’s gospel until the coming of Christ when He, whose present mission is the formation of the Body of Christ will be taken out of the way with the Body. This will leave Satan unrestrained and will precipitate the Great Tribulation period.
Introduction: This chapter is one of the great prophetic chapters of Scripture. No other chapter in the entire Bible covers precisely the same points of revelation that are given here.
The occasion for the letter was the rise of false teaching in the church. Because of the persecution and certain teachings, some believed the Day of the Lord had arrived. Paul assured them they were not in that time period and gave them some definite signs, the character of which cannot occur while the church is still in the world.
REJECT (2 THESS. 2:1—4)
1 Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, 2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. 3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; 4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.
The word now can also mean and, but, moreover etc. Paul is saying I have prayed for you (1:11), but you are listening to the wrong people so I must teach you some more. From the following verses we will see that they were misled or they interpreted his last letter incorrectly. They had the concept that the tribulation they were in was ushering in the coming of Christ.
Here Paul is simply saying not to be so easily persuaded by those who claim they have the truth. Test and prove everything. Whether it comes through a word, spirit or a letter form us, be sure it’s authentic. “As the day of Christ is at hand,” refers to the time He would appear. This was an attempt to fix the time of His appearing, a disposition which has been so common through the ages, and which led to so many sad mistakes.
This is the same warning Jesus gave in Matt. 24:4 in connection with the same event. Paul has already given three ways they might be deceived. We have the original word in our word apostasy; and by this term we understand a dereliction of the essential principles of religious truth — either a total abandonment of Christianity itself, or such a corruption of its doctrines as renders the whole system completely inefficient to salvation. This falling away points to a deliberate abandonment of a former professed position.
The man of sin: there’s a lot of speculation concerning this individual. Some believe that this is a reference to a succeeding group of individuals throughout the ages. I believe just as “The Apostasy” belongs to one period of time still coming so this man of sin is an individual of our future.
The son of perdition: lit., the son of destruction. This title was given only to one other person, Judas. This is the antichrist who will rule the world during the tribulation.
He stands against and exalts himself above all Divine authority, and above every object of adoration, and every institution to Divine worship. He sets himself up in the temple of God taking on God’s titles and attributes and placing himself as the Most High God.
REMEMBER (2 THESS. 2: 5—10)
5 Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? 6 And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. 7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. 8 And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: 9 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, 10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
How could you forget so easily? This is the same concept Paul with the Galatians. He said, we talked about this before. Have you forgotten already?
I told you this among other things. I informed you what it was that prevented this man of sin from revealing himself fully.
The word mystery means something hidden. There is a system of corrupt doctrine, which will lead to the general apostasy, already in existence. It cannot show itself because it’s being restrained until He, the one that is doing the restraining is removed.
Once the Holy Spirit and the church is removed, than the wicked one, the lawless lone will be revealed. The Lord shall consume, that is He will destroy him with the spirit (breath) of His mouth. The word destroy refers to abolish. He will do this with His brightness ( epiphany – Divine appearance) of His coming.
Who is He going to destroy? The one coming after the working of Satan. His power, his life force comes from Satan. All his signs and wonders will have appearances of being real but will be false. The antichrist will attempt to imitate the works of Christ to prove his divinity, but will be a forgery.
He works with great deception to produce unrighteousness in them that are perishing, who refused to the love the truth, that they might be saved.
STAND FIRM (2 THESS. 2:11—17)
11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness. 13 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: 14 Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15 Therefore, brethren, stand fast, and hold the traditions which ye have been taught, whether by word, or our epistle. 16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace, 17 Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
Because of their lack of love for truth, the Lord will send them a strong delusion or better translated a strong deceit. We must understand that God has not destined them to believe this lie. He simply has removed all restraints so they can choose to believe because that’s their hearts desire.
Why? So all may be damned that refused the truth when presented to them, and took their pleasures in unrighteousness.
This is a reason for thanksgiving. Why should it not be? Can there be any higher ground of praise or gratitude than that God has chosen us to be eternally holy and happy, and that he has from eternity designed that we should be so?
God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation—This reading is supported by some early manuscripts; whereas others read, “God has chosen you as firstfruits to salvation.” In Greek the expression “from the beginning” (ap archēs) could have easily been confused for the Greek word for “firstfruits” (aparchēn), or vice versa. (In the early manuscripts no space was left between the words.) The first reading looks legitimate because it was customary for the NT writers (especially Paul) to speak of God’s choosing his elect from the beginning, even before the foundation of the world (see Eph. 1:4; 2 Tim. 1:9). The second reading also seems genuine because Paul had the habit of calling the first converts (in certain geographical regions) the “firstfruits” (see Rom. 16:5; 1 Cor. 16:15). Nevertheless, most modern translations contain the first reading and note the second in the margin.
through sanctification of the Spirit—God’s choice of each believer is made effective and real by the sanctifying work of the Spirit. The Spirit works in the chosen person until he or she believes the truth. This same operation is described in 1 Peter 1:2, in which it is said that the sanctifying Spirit causes the elect to become obedient to Jesus Christ and receive the sprinkling of his cleansing blood.
Whereunto he called you by our gospel - He made the gospel as preached by us the means of calling you to salvation. That is, God has chosen you to salvation from eternity, and has made the gospel as preached by us the means of carrying that eternal purpose into effect.
To the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ - That you may partake of the same glory as the Savior in heaven.
Therefore - In view of the fact that you are thus chosen from eternity, and that you are to be raised up to such honor and glory.
stand fast, and hold the traditions — The Thessalonians had strayed away from what Paul had earlier taught them, letting themselves be taken in by some dubious revelations and forged letters allegedly from Paul. The Greek word for “traditions” means “that which is passed on” — rendered, “the teachings we passed on to you” in the NIV. These teachings, divinely inspired, were passed on to the Thessalonians by word and by letter. They were to be kept and guarded.
Now our Lord Jesus — As all your grace came from God through Christ, so the power that is necessary to strengthen and confirm you unto the end must come in the same way.
Everlasting consolation The glad tidings of the Gospel, and the comfort which ye have received through believing; a gift which God had in his original purpose, in reference to the Gentiles; a purpose which has respected all times and places, and which shall continue to the conclusion of time; for the Gospel is everlasting, and shall not be superseded by any other dispensation. It is the last and best which God has provided for man; and it is good tidings, everlasting consolation — a complete system of complete peace and happiness. The words may also refer to the happiness which the believing Thessalonians then possessed.
And good hope through grace — The hope of the Gospel was the resurrection of the body, and the final glorification of it and the soul throughout eternity. This was the good hope which the Thessalonians had; not a hope that they should be pardoned or sanctified, etc. Pardon and holiness they enjoyed, therefore they were no objects of hope; but the resurrection of the body and eternal glory were necessarily future; these they had in expectation; these they hoped for; and, through the grace which they had already received they had a good hope — a well-grounded expectation, of this glorious state.
Comfort your hearts — Keep your souls ever under the influence of his Holy Spirit: and establish you — confirm and strengthen you in your belief of every good word or doctrine, which we have delivered unto you; and in the practice of every good work, recommended and enjoined by the doctrines of the Gospel. It is not enough that we believe the truth; we must love the truth.
 This lesson was prepared using the following: Barns, Barns Notes on the New Testament; Clark, Adam, Commentary on the N. T.; Green, Oliver, Commentary on Thessalonians
All scripture is from the King James Version.
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