THE BOOK OF EPHESIANS
CHAPTER 2:13-22

"But Now, In Christ, You are Brought Near"

J. Deering, AncientPath.net


The Visualized Text - "But Now, In Christ, You are Brought Near," 2:13-22
(conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)  (alternate text in purple)

(2:13)
But now
    in Christ Jesus
        you
            who once were far away
            have been brought (Lit., "became," or "were made") near
                by (Alt., "in", or "through") the blood of Christ.
(2:14)
For
    He Himself
        is our peace,
        who made both groups into one, and
        destroyed the barrier of the dividing wall of hostility, (Lit., "the dividing wall of the barrier," (the first outer court of Herod's temple, stone barrier enclosing the inner court, shoulder high, with a sign "No Gentile allowed within under penalty of death."  This sign was upheld by Jewish and Roman Law.  The outer court was the place of the money changers, and animal inspection and sales.)

(2:15)
            by abolishing
                in His flesh
                    the enmity (Alt., "the enmity by abolishing in His flesh the Law"),
                            which is the Law with its commandments
                            contained in ordinances,
                        His purpose
                            in Himself
                            was that
                                He might make (Lit., "create") one new man out of the two,
                                    thus establishing peace, and
(2:16)
                                (He) might reconcile them both
                                    in this one body
                                    to God
                                    through the cross,
                                    by it having put to death their hostility.
(2:17)
            "AND HE
                CAME AND
                PREACHED
                    PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY, AND
                    PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE NEAR;" (Isaiah 57:19)

(2:18)
            for
                through Him
                we both have our access
                    to the father
                    by one spirit.

(2:19)
            Consequently,
                you are no longer strangers and aliens,
            but (now)
                you are fellow citizens with the God's people, (Lit., "holy ones") and
                you are members of God's household,
(2:20)
                having been built
                    upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets,
                        Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,
(2:21)
                            in whom
                                the whole building,
                                    is being fitted together and
                                    is growing into a holy temple (Alt., "sanctuary")
                                        in the Lord;
(2:22)
                            in whom
                                   you also are being built together
                                           into a dwelling
                                               in which God lives
                                                    by His Spirit.

COMMENTARY - "But Now, In Christ, You are Brought Near," 2:13-22


2:13-17 Gentiles' relation to Israel and God after the cross.

Ephesians 2:13
But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.


BUT NOW!
Paul leads off this sentence with that transitional conjunction "But," and emphasizes it with the immediate "now." He's emphasizing the "back then VS. now" aspect of this truth. The "but" defines that this is a change from that past.

Back then - you Gentiles were far away from God.

But now - you Gentiles have been brought near, as the Jews had been before.

There was a time when the people of Israel were brought close to God and He dwelt among them. But now, through the Blood of Christ, the Gentile believer has been brought "near" to God. Paul makes it clear that the "Gentiles" that he is referring to are believers when he calls them "you Gentiles," not just any Gentiles, but "you" Gentiles - members of the Ephesian Body of Christ.

How you feel about the Christ (God) does not enter into this discussion. You can "feel" close to God, and many non-believers feel "close to God," but you may not GET close to God without being "IN" the blood of Christ, being "IN" Jesus The Christ. One must be a "God Believer, in Christ" in order to BE close to God. When that happens it doesn't matter how you "feel" about it. Once you are a member of the Spiritual Body of Christ - you belong, and you ARE close to Christ, close to God.

God met the 7 Gentile sufferings and racial hatred through the death of Christ. Upon that basis, God has brought about a great model of union, namely, the Church. This proved to the world what His love and grace could do.

There are two separate truths here: the available reconciliation and the actual reconciliation.

First (the availability of salvation)
These seven disabilities were removed at the cross for all Gentiles and thus God was able, through the cross, to reconcile the world to Himself and make salvation available to all who would believe.

Secondly (the actuality of salvation)
The nature of the offer requires that the anyone desiring the salvation that God has offered, through the death of His Son Jesus on the Cross, would evaluate God's offer and believe, henceforth becoming reconciled to the demands of God. At that point God would be reconciled to the individual, and the individual would be reconciled to God, and through the act of belief be proclaimed righteous, acquiring the offered salvation.

The picture here is that the Jews before the cross were "near" to God in external relationship in that through the covenant they had the sacrifices, the blood of atonement, and could get to God by the one step of faith; whereas Gentiles had no sacrifices, no blood of the atonement (etc.) and, ceremonially and externally, were "afar off. " It was very unlikely that they would become "proselytes of the gate" and get in.

Q-1 What two words tell us that something has changed in the Gentile believer's relationship to God?
A-1 "But, Now"

Q-2 What two phrases describe that change?
A-2 "Once you were far away," "have been brought near."

Q-3 Through what agency did this take place?
A-3 Through the Blood of Christ.
 

(2:14)
For
    He Himself
        is our peace,
        who made both groups into one, and
        destroyed the barrier of the dividing wall of hostility, (Lit., "the dividing wall of the barrier," (the first outer court of Herod's temple, stone barrier enclosing the inner court, shoulder high, with a sign "No Gentile allowed within under penalty of death."  This sign was upheld by Jewish and Roman Law.  The outer court was the place of the money changers, and animal inspection and sales.)
 

Verse fourteen brings in the image that represents the truth of the tearing down of the "dividing wall." When the reflection of the tabernacle (during the wilderness wanderings) was re-cast by Solomon when He built his Temple of The Lord. The inner temple was for Jews only. Outside the entrance to the inner temple was a walled-off area known as the Courtyard of the Gentiles. It was in this area that the money changers, animal inspectors, animal retailers, and a mixture of Gentiles and Jews doing business. However, no non-Jew was allowed to enter into the main part of the Temple. This outer wall was a stone barrier with posted signs stating that "No Gentile allowed within, under penalty of death." This law was upheld by both the Jewish leadership and the Roman government. It is this stone embattlement that divided the courtyard between the inner temple and the outer Gentiles that is the symbolic object that the death of Christ "tore down." The imagery here is not that of the inner veil that split in two at the death of Christ. While the meanings are similar, the imagery here concerns the joining of the two peoples and not the removal of the barrier into the Throne of God and the Mercy Seat of Christ.

[Notes on Proselytes - The term denotes those who entered into the nation of Israel under two distinctions. 1. Those who came to Israel for their defense or well-being, these were called "proselytes of the gate." The meaning was literal, they had come into Israel and positionally they were inside the gates of Israel (under her protection). They were not required to become circumcised nor did they have to follow the minutia of the Mosaic law. 2. Those who came to Israel seeking The One God of Israel and faith in Him alone. These were called "proselytes of Righteousness." Upon their acceptance by the leadership the males underwent circumcision and baptism (The proselyte baptism required standing in a tank or pool of water up to your neck).

Isaiah 56:3-8
Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to the LORD say, “The LORD will surely separate me from His people.” Nor let the eunuch say, “Behold, I am a dry tree.” 4 For thus says the LORD, “To the eunuchs who keep My Sabbaths, And choose what pleases Me, And hold fast My covenant, 5 To them I will give in My house and within My walls a memorial, And a name better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name which will not be cut off. 6 “Also the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD, To minister to Him, and to love the name of the LORD, To be His servants, every one who keeps from profaning the Sabbath And holds fast My covenant; 7 Even those I will bring to My holy mountain And make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; For My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.” 8 The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares, “Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered.”]

Q-1 In the context of the verse... How is Jesus Christ our peace?
A-1 His blood removed the "dividing wall of hostility" between the Jew and the Gentile believer.

Q-2 Can you describe how John 3:16 relates to this verse?
A-2 The death of God's Son on the Cross brought about the reconciliation of God to the World. Both Jew and Gentile now had equal opportunity, without the issue of sin, to be reconciled with and to believe in Jehovah.
 

(2:15)
            by abolishing
                in His flesh
                    the enmity (Alt., "the enmity by abolishing in His flesh the Law"),
                            which is the Law with its commandments
                            contained in ordinances,
                        His purpose
                            in Himself
                            was that
                                He might make (Lit., "create") one new man out of the two,
                                    thus establishing peace, and

Verses 15 and 16 are tied together, but we'll deal with each one separately for this study.

By Abolishing - in His flesh
How did this happen? The Death of Christ accomplished this. Upon His death God is satisfied with the individual based upon that individual's free choice to Love God instead of self. The manner of love must be through believing Jesus Christ. Notice the wording here, "believing Jesus Christ," not "believing IN Jesus Christ." Faith is the process of believing the promises God has made that all culminate IN His Son Jesus.

It is easy to believe in Jesus, even the devil does that. But, believing what God has said concerning Himself and His Son is an entirely different matter.

It was when Abrahm was called of God - a gentile (for there were no Hebrews or Jews at the time). When God said pick-up your stuff and move to this other city where I will lead you - Abraham picked-up his stuff and moved to this other city where God lead him. Abraham BELIEVED God. When God spoke Abraham was obedient to God, he believed that God was who He said He was, and that if God said, 'Pick-up your stuff and move over there," Abraham believed that God had that right to ask him of this, and Abraham obeyed God, because he Believed Him.

Because Christ would eventually (speaking from the time of Abraham) die on the Cross (paying the price for sin and sins against God), God was able to witness Abraham's BELIEF and PROCLAIM Abraham RIGHTEOUS. Paul speaks of the enmity brought forth with the institution of the Laws that God gave Moses. He, Paul, says that the Law can only bring judgment and death, especially when ultimately the Law says that every offense is a Capital offence. Since man cannot live by the Law he becomes an enemy of God's Law (The very character of God Himself).

With the death of Christ that "emnity" is abolished for those who believe that which is defined as belief (believing Jesus Christ). This "belief" is now extended to both Jew and Gentile.

Why? In order that God may now consider not only the believing Jew as righteous, but also a believing Gentile - One New Mankind, which is neither Gentile or Jew but a member of the Body of Christ.
 

(2:16)
But, the work of Christ has changed that, because by the blood of Christ the Gentiles have been "brought nigh (close)" also. The work of Christ has brought both Gentile and Jew to the threshold of the House of God (Church) and there remains just the step of faith to bring them into an internal and saving relationship with God.

                                (He) might reconcile them both
                                    in this one body
                                    to God
                                    through the cross,
                                    by it having put to death their hostility.
 

Paul wraps up the two verses with these lines. "And that He might reconcile them both (the former Jew and Gentile) in this ONE "NEW" Body) The Body of Christ - to God."

Through BELIEVING you have become not only a member of The Body of Christ, but you HAVE BEEN RECONCILED TO GOD. "Through the cross," This is where it all has taken place. This did not occur through our own efforts or the work of some good doing people. Believers became reconciled by way of the death of Christ on the Cross. And, thusly, believers are no longer an enemy of God (either Jew or Gentile), because the death of Christ put to death the Hostilities between man and God.

 

(2:17)
Paul closes this paragraph with a quote from the O.T. - That Messiah would come upon the world and preach Peace between Himself, the Jew and the World in general.

            "AND HE
                CAME AND
                PREACHED
                    PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY, AND
                    PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE NEAR;" (Isaiah 57:19)

In order to move on to the next set of verses we'll pause here for a recapitulation of verses 2:11-17

 

EPHESIANS 2:11-17 RECAP
11 Therefore remember, that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called "Un-circumcision" by the so-called "Circumcision," which is performed in the flesh by human hands;

There are seven things Paul pointed that Gentiles, historically suffered in these following areas:
1 They were Gentiles, not Jews
2 They were considered the "Un-circumcision" by the Jews
3 The were separate from and without the promised Messiah, Christ
4 They were excluded from the commonwealth of Israel
5 They were strangers of the covenants of the promise
6 They had no hope (Those things that were future for Israel)
7 They were without God (He had made His covenant with the Children of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob)

Because of these disabilities they were "far off."

12 remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

This means more than that they were heathen, destitute of the knowledge and expectation of the Messiah. As Christ is the only redeemer of men, and the only mediator between God and man, to be without Christ, was to be without redemption and without access to God. To possess Christ, to be in Him, is the sum of all blessedness; to be without Christ includes all evil.

As the heathen were not included in the covenant God made with his people, they held no interest in the promise or the execution of which that covenant secured. Their condition was therefore most deplorable. They had nothing to hope, because they were shut out of the covenant of promise. The promise of God is the only foundation of hope, and therefore those to whom there is no promise, have no hope.

And having no hope of redemption, the great blessing promised, they were, in the widest sense of the word, hopeless. They were moreover without God. This meant that they were atheists, in so far that they were destitute of the knowledge of the true God, and served those who by nature were not gods. Jehovah was not their God; they had no interest in him, they were without him. They stood outside of that community which belonged to God, who knew and worshipped him, to whom his promises were made, and in the midst of whom he dwelt. In every point, therefore, their condition as heathen afforded a melancholy contrast to that of the true people of God, and to that into which they had been introduced by the Gospel. Their alienation was from God and his covenant.


2:13-17 Gentiles' relation to Israel and God after the cross.
13 But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. 14 For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, 15 by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, 16 and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. 17 AND HE CAME AND PREACHED PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY, AND PEACE TO THOSE WHO WERE NEAR;

God met the 7 Gentile sufferings and racial hatred through the death of Christ. Upon that basis, God has brought about a great model of union, namely, the Church. This proved to the world what His love and grace could do.

There are two separate truths here: the available reconciliation and the actual reconciliation.

First (the availability of salvation)
These seven disabilities were removed at the cross for all Gentiles and thus God was able, through the cross, to reconcile the world to Himself and make salvation available to all who would believe.

Secondly (the actuality of salvation)
The nature of the offer requires that the anyone desiring the salvation that God has offered, through the death of His Son Jesus on the Cross, would evaluate God's offer and believe, henceforth becoming reconciled to the demands of God. At that point God would be reconciled to the individual, and the individual would be reconciled to God, and through the act of belief be proclaimed righteous, acquiring the offered salvation.

The picture here is that the Jews before the cross were "near" to God in external relationship in that through the covenant they had the sacrifices, the blood of atonement, and could get to God by the one step of faith; whereas Gentiles had no sacrifices, no blood of the atonement (etc.) and, ceremonially and externally, were "afar off. " It was very unlikely that they would become "proselytes of the gate" and get in.

Verse fourteen brings in the image that represents the truth of the tearing down of the "dividing wall." When the reflection of the tabernacle (during the wilderness wanderings) was re-cast by Solomon when He built his Temple of The Lord. The inner temple was for Jews only. Outside the entrance to the inner temple was a walled-off area known as the Courtyard of the Gentiles. It was in this area that the money changers, animal inspectors, animal retailers, and a mixture of Gentiles and Jews doing business. However, no non-Jew was allowed to enter into the main part of the Temple. This outer wall was a stone barrier with posted signs stating that "No Gentile allowed within, under penalty of death." This law was upheld by both the Jewish leadership and the Roman government. It is this stone embattlement that divided the courtyard between the inner temple and the outer Gentiles that is the symbolic object that the death of Christ "tore down."

[Notes on Proselytes - The term denotes those who entered into the nation of Israel under two distinctions. 1. Those who came to Israel for their defense or well-being, these were called "proselytes of the gate." The meaning was literal, they had come into Israel and positionally they were inside the gates of Israel (under her protection). They were not required to become circumcised nor did they have to follow the minutia of the Mosaic law. 2. Those who came to Israel seeking The One God of Israel and faith in Him alone. These were called "proselytes of Righteousness." Upon their acceptance by the leadership the males underwent circumcision and baptism (The proselyte baptism required standing in a tank or pool of water up to your neck).

Isaiah 56:3-8
Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to the LORD say, “The LORD will surely separate me from His people.” Nor let the eunuch say, “Behold, I am a dry tree.” 4 For thus says the LORD, “To the eunuchs who keep My Sabbaths, And choose what pleases Me, And hold fast My covenant, 5 To them I will give in My house and within My walls a memorial, And a name better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name which will not be cut off. 6 “Also the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD, To minister to Him, and to love the name of the LORD, To be His servants, every one who keeps from profaning the Sabbath And holds fast My covenant; 7 Even those I will bring to My holy mountain And make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; For My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.” 8 The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares, “Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered.”]

The work of Christ has changed that, because by the blood of Christ the Gentiles have been "brought nigh (close)" also. The work of Christ has brought both Gentile and Jew to the threshold of the House of God (Church) and there remains just the step of faith to bring them into an internal and saving relationship with God.

Verse :17 closes this paragraph with a quote from the O.T. (Isaiah 57:19) That Messiah would come upon the world and preach Peace between Himself, the Jew and the World in general.
 

(2:18)
            for
                through Him
                we both have our access
                    to the father
                    by one spirit.

This verse is exceedingly important to understand. Because of the effective and efficient sacrifice of the Lamb of God (Jesus, the Christ) upon the cross at Calvary every believer has total and immediate access to God the Father. This process is accomplished through the power of God the Holy Spirit. All those who believe become members of God's immediate family upon their salvation. Our relationship to God the Father is like that of a righteous and loving father and his children. It is understandable that many do not have such a relationship with their physical human father's, however Paul is showing us an example based upon what should be (should have been) the relationship between a loving and righteous father and his children. As His children we are EXPECTED to come to Him in trust and with hearts full of love for Him. He is there waiting for us. When we don't know or wont come to Him, He comes to us.
 

(Ephesians 1:19-22)
Ephesians 2:19-22 Begins a special image of the building up of the household (house) of God and follows the following simple outline.

(2:19)
            Consequently,
                you are no longer strangers and aliens,
            but (now)
                you are fellow citizens with the God's people, (Lit., "holy ones") and
                you are members of God's household,
(2:20)
                having been built
                    upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets,
                        Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,
(2:21)
                            in whom
                                the whole building,
                                    is being fitted together and
                                    is growing into a holy temple (Alt., "sanctuary")
                                        in the Lord;
(2:22)
                            in whom
                                   you also are being built together
                                           into a dwelling
                                               in which God lives
                                                    by His Spirit.



1. Ephesians 1:19 - The Household of God is built using pieces that belong
2. Ephesians 1:20 - The Household of God is built upon solid ground
3. Ephesians 2:21 - The Household of God is built using interlocking parts
4. Ephesians 2:21-22 - The Household of God is continually being built
5. Ephesians 2:22 - Be Assured - This household includes You - This is Your Temple.

Ephesians 2:19 (pieces that belong)
19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God's household,

The consequences of this reconciliation are that the Gentiles are now fellow-citizens of the saints, members of the family of God, and part of that temple in which God dwells by his Spirit. Formerly they were strangers, now they are fellow-citizens.

Formerly the Gentiles stood in the same relation to the commonwealth of Israel, that we do to a foreign State. They had no share in its privileges, no participation in its blessings. Now they are "fellow-citizens of the saints."

The "saints" are not to be understood as the Jews, nor the ancient patriarchs, but The People of God. Christians have become, under the new dispensation, what the Jews once were (or better, were supposed to become), saints, men and women selected and separated from the world, and consecrated to God as His peculiar people.

This new body of believers constitutes a theocracy (a state or kingdom governed directly by God) -- which is no longer confined to any one people or country (Israel), but embraces all in every country who have access to God by Christ Jesus (the Church). In this kingdom the Gentiles now have the right of citizenship and they are on terms of perfect equality with the other members of the kingdom (those who have been accepted into this kingdom by faith during any age. And that kingdom is the Kingdom of Heaven (where the King is).

We are now, says Paul, citizens of heaven. That family is a much more intimate brotherhood than any national state. Our relationship to The Father is much more sacred and tender than that which we bear to any civil ruler. Paul makes the point that this transition has made us members of "God's Household." We have become literal children of God, adopted and grafted into His immediate family, whose character and privileges belong to all those in whom God dwells by his Spirit.

Ephesians 2:20 (built upon solid ground)
20 having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,

Paul has built into this dialog a double meaning for the word used in verse 19 for "household." The second meaning the Greeks used for this word was "home or house." His imagery turns now to the "house" picture. When we entered into this new "household" we entered into a "house" whose foundation was made up of the apostles and the prophets and whose very support rests upon the "Keystone" or "Capstone," and not so much a corner stone.

The Bible uses the phrase "Stone of Stumbling" quite often when describing those things we "fall over" that keep us from believing or following our Lord. The uses of the term brings images to me of a great building that is in the process of being built, perhaps the Temple in Nehemiah's time. Because there are many more laborers than architects there tends to be lack of knowledge concerning building out in the field. So our imaginary workers are busy building the basic structure from the ground up. Every once and a while a worker finds a funny shaped building block (or stone) that doesn't seem to "fit in" anywhere and the worker tosses it out into the nearby field.

There the block stays and is a booby-trap just waiting for the evening or night time wanderer. Walking into a large stone can result in injury and keep you from your destination.

Meanwhile, back at the temple construction, the workers have come to the tops of the first story windows and can go no further, as they know of no way to put more building blocks over the spaces where the windows belong. They call for the architect, casting the blame upon him. When he arrives he patiently shows them how to make an arch from some of the stones that have been discarded, and lastly places that final funny shaped stone at the very point of the arch - the "Key Stone." Specially shaped to support the weight of the entire building above over the open window space.

Paul writes that the foundation of this new "house" of God, of which we are the building blocks (The Royal Priesthood), rests upon the Apostles of the New Testament and the Prophets of the Old, and Jesus, the rejected stone, is the Key Stone that holds the whole structure up. The Architect and Builder is God, the workers are the rabbis, pastors, teachers that have labored for righteousness sake, and the building they are building is the Body of Christ - the church invisible - all believers of all ages.

In this building there is no Jew, no Gentile, but one new man (woman), the individual member of the body of Christ.

Ephesians 2:21 (The Household of God is built using interlocking parts)

Ephesians 2:21-22 (The Household of God is continually being built)
Ephesians 2:22 (Be Assured - This household includes You - This is Your Temple.)

21 in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple ... the Lord;

Christ being the corner stone, every thing depends on union with him. Therefore the apostle adds, "In whom all the building fitly framed together growing unto a holy temple in the Lord." Christ is the principle at once of support and of growth. He not only sustains the building, but carries it on to its consummation. Union with him is the sole essential condition of our being parts of that living temple of which he is the corner stone. Christ has but one body, and there is but one temple composed of Jews and Gentiles, in which God dwells by his Spirit. All the parts of this temple are "fitly framed together" (condensed from Hodges Bible Commentary).

22 in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.

What was said of the whole body of believers, is here affirmed of the Ephesian Christians. "In whom ye also are built together into a place of habitation of God through the Spirit."

"And you Ephesians are built together with other believers so as to form with them this habitation of God." It is in union with God and His Son, and by the agency of the Holy Spirit that this glorious work is carried on.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS - "But Now, In Christ, You are Brought Near," 2:13-22

(2:13)

Think About This:

               Therefore:   Saved by God to demonstrate His grace and accomplish His good works

                   remember you were called uncircumcised

                        seperate

                        excluded

                        without hope

                        without God

                        in the world

               The Holy Buts:  But Now

                   In Christ

                        brought near

               FOR

                   He is our peace

                   He made the two one

                   He destroyed the barrier

                   He abolished the Law

                    His Purpose

                        to create one new man out of two, making peace

                        in one body to reconcile the two

                        The cross put the hostility to death

                   The Tabernacle and the courts

                   He came and preached peace to far and near (both)

               FOR

                   through Him we have access - by one spirit

               Consequently - no longer foreigners

                                       no longer aliens

                   BUT

                        citizens - with God's people and God's household

                        built on Foundation of Apostles and prophets, and Christ Himself - the Keystone

                        He is central figure - the whole thing is a temple in the Lord

               similarly you too are being built

                   as a dwelling

                        in which God lives, by His spirit. Romans 9:1-10:13

 

Q-1 What two words tell us that something has changed in the Gentile believer's relationship to God?
A-1 "But, Now"

Q-2 What two phrases describe that change?
A-2 "Once you were far away," "have been brought near."

Q-3 Through what agency did this take place?
A-3 Through the Blood of Christ.

 


2:14

Q-1 In the context of the verse... How is Jesus Christ our peace?
A-1 His blood removed the "dividing wall of hostility" between the Jew and the Gentile believer.

Q-2 Can you describe how John 3:16 relates to this verse?
A-2 The death of God's Son on the Cross brought about the reconciliation of God to the World. Both Jew and Gentile now had equal opportunity, without the issue of sin, to be reconciled with and to believe in Jehovah.

 


2:15

Q-1 How could one be saved while the Law ruled?

A-1 As long as the law was the standard no man could be saved - the law could only condemn - sin had to be atoned for the Jew awaiting redemption.

 


2:16

Q-1 What does it mean to "reconcile" two parties?
A-2 It would mean that two parties would have had difficulties with each other, even hatred, but found a way to satisfy that division and hatred and rejoined with each other.


Q-2 What was the reconciliation that was spoken of in this verse and how was it satisfied?
A-2 One group, the Hebrew people, had found a special relationship with God and the other, the Gentile (members of all other nations) had not. The reunion of these two groups was the work of Christ's sacrificial death on the cross. He paid the price for the enmity between the two groups by joining them, when believing, into one new body, the Body of Christ.
 


2:17
Q-1 Who preached this message?
A-1 Jesus, the Christ (Messiah)

 

Q-2 Who was far... near?
A-2 The Gentile was far from God, as he did not have that special "covenant" with God that the Hebrew people had. Therefore the Hebrews were those who were "near."

 


2:18

Q-1 Who NOW has access to the Father through the Holy Spirit of God?

A-1 All who believe by faith.

 


2:19

Q-1 If you are a believer, a person of personal faith, what is now your position before God the Father?

A-1 Fellow citizens of Heaven with all other believers, members of God's own household.

 


2:20

Q-1 What does it mean to have a foundation?

A-1 The picture presented here is of a rock-solid basis upon which to place your faith (for now and the future).

 

Q-2 Who makes up that foundation?

A-2 The Prophets of the Old Testament, The Apostles of the New Testament, and Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

 


2:21

Q-1 What building is growing into a holy temple?

A-1 The Body of Christ, what we call "the Church." Not the building or the organization we call the church, but the members of the Body of Christ - that is the true church. We are being born, saved, and are accumulating (building) into the very holy temple of the Lord, again not a physical building, but a temple made - "note with hands" - but a spiritual temple which belongs to God.

 


2:22

No question, just the verse!

"in whom [this holy temple is the very body of Christ] you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit."

 

BIBLE REFERENCE - "But Now, In Christ, You are Brought Near," 2:13-22

(2:13)
"But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ."
    Ephesians 1:1
    Ephesians 2:6
    Ephesians 2:10
    Ephesians 5:8
    Colossians 3:7
    1 Peter 4:3
    Isaiah 57:19
    Acts 2:39
    Ephesians 2:17
    Romans 3:25



(2:14)
"For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one, and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall,"
    Isaiah 9:6
    Galatians 3:28
    Ephesians 2;15
    Colossians 3;11
    Colossians 3:15
    1 Corinthians 12:13



(2:15)
"by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace,"
    Ephesians 2;16
    Colossians 1:21 f.
    Colossians 2;14
    Colossians 2:20
    Ephesians 2:10
    Ephesians 4:24
    Colossians 3:10
    Galatians 3:28
    Colossians 3:10 f.
    Isaiah 9:6
    Galatians 3:28
 


 

(2:16)
"and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity."
    2 Corinthians 5:18
    1 Corinthians 10:17
    Ephesians 4:4
    Ephesians 2:15
 



(2:17)
"AND HE CAME AND PREACHED PEACE TO YOU WHO WERE FAR AWAY, AND PEACE TO THOSE WHO WERE NEAR;"
    Isaiah 57:19
    Romans 10:14
    Ephesians 4:21
    Acts 10:36
    Ephesians 4:4
    Colossians 1:12


 

(2:18)
"for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father."
    Romans 5:12
    Ephesians 3:12
    1 Corinthians 12;13
    Ephesians 4:4
    Colossians 1:12


(2:19)
"So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God's household,"
    Ephesians 2:12
    Hebrews 11:13
    1 Peter 2:11
    Philippians 3:20
    Hebrews 12:22 f.
    Galatians 6:10


(2:20)
"having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone,"
    1 Corinthians 3:9
    Matthew 16:18
    1 Corinthians 3:11
    Luke 20:17


(2:21)
"in whom the whole building, being fitted together is growing into a holy temple in the Lord;"
    Ephesians 4:15 f.
    Colossians 2:19
    1 Corinthians 3:16 f.


(2:22)
"in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit."
    1 Corinthians 3:9
    1 Corinthians 3:16
    2 Corinthians 6:16
    Ephesians 3:17


1 "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE,
Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968
1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988.
Used by permission."


The Book of Ephesians, Bible Study, J. Deering, AncientPath.net, study materials are a ministry of AncientPath.net, and may be copied for use in Bible study groups, in limited numbers, providing that no charge is made for them.  No further distribution or use of these materials is allowable under U.S. or International Copyright Law without the express permission of AncientPath.net. 2009 AncientPath.net, All rights reserved.


49_eph_2_13-22_study.htm
2015.06.18