THE BOOK OF EPHESIANS
Chapter
1:13-14 - The Study
"The Son, The Spirit, The Father"

J. Deering, AncientPath.net


WHAT YOU HAVE IN CHRIST, 1:3-2:22
THE TRIUNE BLESSING 1:3 -14   
Blessed by The Spirit of God's Sealing of Every Believer 1:13-14
 

13  In Him, you also, IN CHRIST
    after listening to  
            the message of truth,  
            the gospel of your salvation  
            having also believed,  
                   you were sealed in Him SEALED IN CHRIST
                       with the Holy Spirit of promise, HOLY SPIRIT
14                            who is given HOLY SPIRIT
                                         as a pledge of our inheritance,  
                                          with a view to  
                                                the redemption  
                                                        of God's own possession, FATHER'S POSSESSION
                                                         to the praise of His glory. FATHER'S GLORY

 

COMMENTARY - "The Son, The Spirit, The Father," 1:13-14

(1:13)
In Him (Lit., "whom"),
   
you also,
       
after listening to the message of truth,
           
the Gospel of your salvation
         having also believed (
Alt., "believed in Him, you were sealed"),
   
you were sealed
       
in Him
       
with the Holy Spirit of Promise,

Here we see more of the ministry of God's Holy Spirit. Once you listened to His voice and heard the message of truth (the Gospel of your salvation) and believed in Christ. At that very same time God the Holy Spirit came upon you, indwelled you, and you "were sealed" in Christ with the Holy Spirit of Promise.

A seal is not something the Holy Spirit does, it is something that He is. Ever since Pentecost when you become "in Christ" you also immediately receive the Holy Spirit. He comes upon you and indwells you. His presence in your physical body is the evidence that you are saved. No man or woman who does not have the Holy Spirit within belongs to Christ.

However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him (Romans 8:9).

The Lord commits Himself to real believers only. The Holy Spirit is the seal, sign, brand, certificate of authenticity, guarantee, or stated even stronger He is the Guarantor of the authenticity of your salvation in Christ and He will hold that guarantee until the "Day of Redemption." It is the Holy Spirit who does the work of conforming believers into the image of God's own Son, Jesus Christ. He enters you life and body and fills you with His presence. His presence in your life and body indicate that you belong to God, you hare God's own possession.

But we all, with unveiled face beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit (2 Corinthians 3:18).


(1:14)
            who
           
    is given as a pledge (Alt., "down payment")
                   
of our inheritance,
                   
with a view to the redemption of God's own possession,
                   
to the praise of His glory.

Here is another place where better words could have been chosen in most translations. It is God the Father who has given His Holy Spirit as the Guarantor of our inheritance. He is not a pledge; He is not a printed I.O.U. He is not a first installment; He is not the first of a host of payments. He is not an earnest; He is not a shiny coin that reminds us of payments to come; He is not a token; He is not a seemingly useless item that temporarily takes the place of something of value.  He is not a down payment; He is not one payment of many mortgage payments paid out over time.

He is the Guarantor of total ownership by God the Father through Jesus Christ His Son. He is the Guarantor of every blessing, of our complete redemption, of our election, of our adoption into the household of God, our predestination to be conformed to the Image of God's own Son. He is the Guarantor of God's inheritance to us the wealth of God for our enrichment.

 "If our inheritance is the enjoyment of the presence of God forever, and the Holy Spirit is the earnest of that inheritance, then the Holy Spirit is God." (John A. Whitmer Paul's Trinitarian epistles Bibsac p 247 Vol 115 #459, 1958)

Why was this all done? So that all who would see it would declare that it was to the praise of the Father's glory.

"If our inheritance is the enjoyment of the presence of God forever, and the Holy Spirit is the earnest of that inheritance, then the Holy Spirit is God." John A. Whitmer Paul's Trinitarian epistles Bibsac p 247 Vol 115 #459, 1958

VISUALIZED TEXT - "The Son, The Spirit, The Father," 1:13-14

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB) 1  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)  (alternate text in purple)

(1:13)
In Him (Lit., "whom"),
   
you also,
       
after listening to the message of truth,
           
the Gospel of your salvation
         having also believed (
Alt., "believed in Him, you were sealed"),
   
you were sealed
       
in Him
       
with the Holy Spirit of Promise,

(1:14)
            who
           
    is given as a pledge (Alt., "down payment")
                   
of our inheritance,
                   
with a view to the redemption of God's own possession,
                   
to the praise of His glory.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS - "The Son, The Spirit, The Father," 1:13-14

(1:13)
"In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation-- having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,"
1.    In whom, the Father or Christ?
        In Christ Jesus.
2.    Who is the "you" here?
        Paul was writing to the individual believers (in Christ Jesus) that were part of the Ephesian (or Asian) gentile churches. By secondary application these words apply to believers today as well.
3.    When were you "sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise?"
        After listening to the message of truth (The Gospel of Jesus Christ), and after having believed upon Jesus Christ.
4.    Consider the flow of the words here:  in Him, after listening, having also believed, you were sealed.
5.    In whom were you sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise?
        Sealed In Christ with the Holy Spirit.
6.    Consider again, when were you sealed, by whom, in whom.
7.    Is anyone who is not in Christ sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise?
        No!
8.    How, according to this verse, does one get to be in Christ?
        Hearing the Gospel and Believing in Jesus Christ.
9.    What does the title mean "Holy Spirit of promise?"
        God's Holy Spirit is called the Holy Spirit of promise in this instance because He comes upon the believer and seals him as the indicator that the individual has been placed In-Christ (saved, born-again, etc.).
10    What role does the "Holy Spirit" play in this verse.
        He is the Seal of Promise that God has done what He has Promised in the believer.
11.    Consider God The Father's role in all of this.
12.    Consider God the Son's (Jesus Christ) role in all of this.
13.    Consider God the Holy Spirit's role in all of this.

(1:14)
"who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory."
1.    Who is given as a pledge of our inheritance?
        God's Holy Spirit.
2.    What is a pledge?
        A symbol or gift given as a reminder of a promise.
3.    What does the phrase "with a view to" mean?
        God's Holy Spirit is given as a reminder of the promise that God will fully redeem what is now His through Faith in Christ Jesus.
4.    Define "redemption" in biblical terms.
       
Ephesians 1:7 - Reference document on "Redemption"
5.    Who is "God's own possession?"
        The believer in Christ Jesus.
6.    It would appear that this redemption is to take place in the future, what does that mean?
        Redemption and salvation, as well as all doctrines are not complete until the plan of God for man and our world is complete and finished. Only then can the whole be complete. This is not to say that salvation, redemption, etc., is in any jeopardy until then, but all things are not finished until they are finished.

BIBLE REFERENCE - "The Son, The Spirit, The Father," 1:13-14

(1:13)
"In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation-- having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,"
Colossians 1:5 - "the word of truth, the gospel"
Acts 13:26 - "the word of salvation"
Ephesians 4:30 - "the Holy Spirit, by whom you were sealed"
John 3:33 - God has set His seal
Acts 1:4f - "what the Father had promised ..."
Acts 2:33 - "the promise of the Holy Spirit"

(1:14)
"who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory."
2 Corinthians 1:22 - "sealed us"
Acts 20:32 - "give you the inheritance"
Ephesians 1:6 - "the praise of His glory"
Ephesians 1:7 - "in Him we have redemption in His blood"
Ephesians 1:11 - "we have obtained an inheritance"
Ephesians 1:12 - "the praise of His glory"


1 "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE,
Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968
1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988.
Used by permission."


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