1:7-8a - The Study
"Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer"

J. Deering,

What You Have In Christ
The Triune Blessing
Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer. 1:7-8a

07    In Him we have


           redemption through His blood,

            the forgiveness of our trespasses,  
                according to the riches of His grace, FATHER'S GRACE
08a              which He lavished upon us. FATHER LAVISHED


THE COMMENTARY - "Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer," 1:7-8a


In Him (In whom)
    we have

           through His blood,
        the forgiveness of our trespasses

           according to the riches of His grace,

             which He lavished upon us.   (made abundant toward us)

Earlier in the chapter we learned that it is God the Father who has already blessed every believer (before the foundation of the world) with every spiritual blessing. The purpose of these blessings is to create a holy and blameless people who could stand before Him. Part of that process was to predestine the members of this group, as adult sons, through His Son, Jesus Christ.

In verse :7 Paul informs us that it is In-Christ that we have become the object of God the Father's love in such a way that we have been redeemed through Christ's blood (for an overview of redemption please read: "Redemption"). In simple terms the meaning of the word redemption comes from the use of three separate Greek words that all are translated redemption.

These words, together, give us a rich understanding of Paul's intentions. The first word (agoridzo) has the market place as its root meaning. The meaning is that of something that is bought, for a price, in the market. So we should be careful to note that redemption has the understanding of something that has value, has been placed for sale, and has been purchased for a price that has been paid. Ownership is transferred with the payment to the buyer. It should be noted too that the object in question played no part in the transaction with the exception that it had value to the buyer and was "for sale."

A second word (ex-agoridzo) is similar to the first as it has the same market place root has attached to it a prefix that means "out-of." Thus this second word become a purchase out-of the marketplace. The features of the first word apply; of some value to the original owner, placed to sale in the market place, of value to the purchaser, a price is paid, the object changes ownership - and with the extension of the prefix applied, it is purchased out-of the marketplace. It will not return for re-sale, it has been removed from the buying and selling process, and removed from the market place completely.

The third word is from a completely different root and means to loose, like in taking off a shoe. In this case the word if often used when speaking of the freeing of a slave for a price. The owner is paid a price that frees the slave from ownership - and makes him free. Thus the understanding that the slave owed a certain amount to the slaveholder. That amount is paid and the slave is released from servitude.

The bible tells us that all have sinned and fallen short of God's demands both through the fall of Adam and Eve and through our own sinful lives. The penalty for this sin is then the price that must be paid to acquire our freedom. Ephesians 1:7 states that in Jesus Christ, those who believe upon Him have redemption through His shed blood at the Cross. It is through the Cross that the believer has their slavery to sin paid for and brought out of the market place forever. The believer is now free from the penalty of sin.

the forgiveness of our trespasses,

The forgiveness of our trespasses is no small matter. Twenty-first century believers may not fully understand the depth of the offenses they have made, are making, and will make upon God. He is not like a friend, sister, brother, mom or dad that can be easily satisfied when it comes to being offended. Almighty God is absolutely holy and cannot abide sin. Sin and the sinful can never enter into His presence for any reason. If it, or they, were allowed into His presence it, or they, would be immediately incinerated.

God wants us to know Him, to experience Him. He wants our fellowship and companionship. But sin has entered into the world and created a hostile environment. Man, after the fall, can no longer directly fellowship with God - sin makes that impossible.

With the sacrifice of His only begotten Son comes not only redemption but also the forgiveness of our every offense - Past, Present, and Future. Thus we are able to fellowship with Almighty God directly - through the blood sacrifice of His Son Jesus.

according to the riches of His grace,

Many people have the mistaken idea that God is an angry god who makes unjust demands upon humanity. Nothing could be further from the truth. It has been God's purpose, from the very beginning, that a way would be made for human beings to have a rich and rewarding relationship with Almighty God regardless of the fact that they had been given the ability to choose right or wrong. When the wrong choice was made right from the start in Adam, the plan had been already in place to provide for his and our redemption and forgiveness "according to the riches of His grace." He is a graceful God and His grace abounds to men and women. He desires you, He desires a rich and rewarding relationship with Him. He has made it possible to have that relationship - through belief in His Son, Jesus Christ.

which He lavished upon us.

When I think of "lavish" I think of taking a cruise on a Caribbean cruise liner. Elegant surroundings, a full wait staff, beautiful destinations, and food everywhere - all the time. That's the picture of God's grace. It is placed upon us and around us and on us in such a way that we can not comprehend the depth of His love for us. It is poured out upon us so that we are drenched. We are dipped into it so that we are saturated. The words that come to mind are "much-more." No matter how much I think I have been made the partaker in His grace - He has done so "much-more."

THE VISUALIZED TEXT - "Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer," 1:7-8a

THE VISUALIZED TEXT (NASB) 1  (conjunctions & prepositions underlined, words not in original text in italics)  (alternate text in purple)


In Him (In whom)
    we have
           through His blood,
        the forgiveness of our trespasses
           according to the riches of His grace,

             which He lavished upon us.   (made abundant toward us)

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS - "Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer," 1:7-8a

"In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace,"
1.      In what "sphere of operation" are we studying?
        We are studying the sphere of being "In Christ Jesus."
2.      Who is the "Him" in this verse?
        "In Him" refers to the end of verse 6 where Paul is speaking of Christ Jesus.
3.      How do we have redemption?
        We have redemption through the blood of Christ Jesus that was shed on the Cross.
4.      Define the use of the word "through."
        A preposition whose meaning here indicates that this word is used to indicate "means, agency, or intermediacy, by means of, by the agency of."
5.      What does "through His blood" mean?
        The blood of Christ was the means or agency by which God the Father grants forgiveness, i.e. the death of His Son Jesus Christ.
6.      What is the significance of the fact that it is "His" blood?
        The blood of just anyone would not do to bring forgiveness to the whole world, only the blood of God (in the GodMan Jesus Christ) could provide that power of forgiveness.
The Blood of Christ is both Effective and Efficient.
7.      Why is the concept of "blood" so important?
        God's eternal plan included the blood sacrifice of His son to accomplish the salvation of those who would believe upon His son.
8.      What is forgiven here?
        Our "trespasses and sins." Not like in the Old Testament where sacrifices "atoned" for sin. That was a "sweeping under the carpet" of sin until the Cross of Christ could forgive them. God's forgiveness is total and makes for the forgetting of sin as well as the forgiving. "There is now therefore NO CONDEMNATION to those who are IN-Christ Jesus."
9.      What is the relationship of "redemption," and "forgiveness?"
        According to this verse redemption comes through the blood of Christ and brings with it the forgiveness of our sin. Redemption should remind us of the market place. When something is redeemed - a price is paid and the item is purchased OUT OF the market place - paid for and removed from sale.
10.    What whose (trespasses)?
11.    What does it mean by "according to?"
        God's grace was poured out upon us in such a manor that the result was our redemption and forgiveness.
12.    What are the "riches of His grace?"
        The redemption of men comes at the cost of the best, the most important, the most valuable portion of His grace, Christ Jesus, His son.
13.    What is the significance of the fact that it is "His grace?"
        No where else could such grace be found. The Holy Spirit makes it abundantly clear here that only God the Father could have the riches of grace to do this.
14.    What items in this verse do "grace" refer.
        In this verse redemption and forgiveness. Think of what it cost God to provide these to man - in light of Eternity!.

"which He lavished upon us."
1.     What is the significance of the "which" in this verse?

        "Which" refers here to the preceding verse and specifically to the "riches of His grace."
2.     Who is the "He?"
        It is the Father's grace.
3.     Define "Lavished."
        Expending or bestowing profusely; expended or produced in abundance; marked by profusion or excess.
4.     What is the verb tense of "Lavished?"
        English past tense - already completed action, sometime in the past.
5.     What does that tense imply?
        The implication is that God has ALREADY done everything necessary to provide redemption and forgiveness, and He has done so abundantly.
6.     What is the significance of the "upon" in this verse?
        Lavished comes from a Middle French word lavache  which means a downpour of rain, from laver - to wash - So He has drenched us from above in His grace.
7.     Who is the "us?"
        Specifically, Paul is writing to the Ephesians, and the members of the local bodies of Christ in Asia Minor (now Turkey). It was written to believers in Christ Jesus, who had given over their lives to Him. By secondary application all believers share in this revelation.

BIBLE REFERENCE - "Blessed by the Son's Redemption for Every Believer," 1:7-8a

    Colossians 1:14 - Redemption and the forgiveness of sins
    Romans 3:24 - The redemption which is in Christ Jesus
    1 Corinthians 1:30 - Righteousness, sanctification, and redemption
    Ephesians 1:14 - Redemption
    Ephesians 1:18 - The riches of the glory of His inheritance
    Ephesians 2:7 - The surpassing riches of His grace
    Ephesians 3:8 - Grace given to preach to the Gentiles
    Ephesians 3:16 - The riches of His glory
    Acts 20:28 - Purchased with His own blood
    Romans 2:4 - The kindness of God leads to repentance

1 "Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE,
Copyright The Lockman Foundation 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968
1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1988.
Used by permission."

The Book of Ephesians, Bible Study, J. Deering,, study materials are a ministry of, and may be copied for use in Bible study groups, in limited numbers, providing that no charge is made for them.  No further distribution or use of these materials is allowable under U.S. or International Copyright Law without the express permission of 2014, All rights reserved.