THE BOOK OF ROMANS
Chapter 9, The Study
The Vindication of God's Ways
"The Way of the Lord are Right Ways"


J. Deering, AncientPath.net


THE STUDY
ROMANS CHAPTER 9


Romans 9 begins a three chapter division on “The Vindication of God’s Ways in Dealing with the Nation of Israel.” Among other things we will explore:
Israel is not the Church, and the Church is not Israel.
As the focus of the New Testament In Christ now becomes the Church, what of the Davidic Covenant Promises?
  • Israel’s Failure and Rejection Acknowledged (Ch-9)
  • Israel’s Rejection is the Result of Israel’s Failure (Ch-10)
  • Israel’s Rejection if Neither Complete nor Final (Ch-11)

Solicitude for Israel
Paul address his words to the understanding of the now-revised position of the Nation of Israel. The question arises, “If all of mankind, Jew and Gentile, are one group (neither Jew nor Gentile) what of the Old Covenants (Abrahamic / Davidic)?” First Paul shows us his heart for his brother Jews.

 1(A) I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit,

Paul makes an appeal, calling upon two members of the Trinity, as testimony to the truth of his statements. This may sound like a “swear” clause but in fact Paul is just stating that the knowledge he has if directly from Christ and that the Indwelling Holy Spirit of God testifies to him concerning these truths.

This ought to be the way all believers bring testimony of the actions and beliefs of their lives. First, that it is the teaching of Jesus, and Second, that God’s Indwelling Holy Spirit gives testimony to us that we are following the teaching of Jesus. Let no action or word from our mouths be a lie.

 2that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart.

What in your life gives you unceasing grief in your heart? Marriage, children, family, church, etc.  Paul’s deepest concern, the one that gave him constant pain, was the unbelieving state of the Nation of Israel.

How is our attitude and conscience concerning the unbelief of so many in our own country, in our own state, in our own town or neighborhood?

Seeing Paul’s words should sensitize us to the need to be people of sorrow and unceasing Grief in our hearts – for those who do not believe.

 3For (B) I could wish that I myself were (C) accursed, separated from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen (D) according to the flesh,

Continuing on the same theme … Do you wish you were going to hell in the place of your fellow countrymen? This is where Paul’s heart was.

 4who are (E) Israelites, to whom belongs (F) the adoption as sons, and (G) the glory and (H) the covenants and (I) the giving of the Law and (J) the temple service and (K) the promises,

Here’s Paul’s list of those things that should belong to the nation of Israel:

  • The Adoption as sons (Israel failed – the Adoption was given over to the Body of Christ)

  • The Glory (Israel failed – the Glory of being “of God” was given over)

  • The Covenants (Israel failed – A New Covenant was made, and not to Israel)

  • The Giving of the Law (Israel failed – The penalty of the law was done away with In Christ’s Sacrifice)

  • The Temple Service – (Israel failed – no more ruling priesthood, now every believer becomes a priest with immediate access to the throne)

  • The Promises – (Israel failed – The promises of God have been set-aside and new promises made to the Body of Christ)

 5whose are (L) the fathers, and (M) from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, (N) who is over all, (O) God (P) blessed forever. Amen.

  • The Prophets of God came from Israel.

  • Jesus The Christ came from Israel (according to his flesh) (He came from God, according to His Spirit).

  • It is this Jesus from Israel who is (the power) over all!

  • It is this Jesus from Israel who is God Blessed forever (ancient use and context dictate the blessing is applied to Jesus, not God the Father, or Israel in this verse).

AMEN. (Greek word Aymen – means truly, or it is the truth. Jesus often said, “Truly, truly,” the phrase is Amen, Amen).

 6But it is not as though (Q) the word of God has failed (R) For they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel;

The answer to this conundrum (Israel blessed / seemingly not blessed) is to be found by properly seeing the relationship between God and ISAAC. Isaac is not just any son – he is the son of “The Promise” of God. The promise was given to the faithful, believing relationship of Isaac, not to his physical descendants.

 7nor are they all children (S) because they are Abraham's descendants, but: "(T) THROUGH ISAAC YOUR DESCENDANTS WILL BE NAMED."

Abraham, the Father of the Jewish/Hebrew nation, was a friend of God. But the Object of the Promise, was not given to Abraham but to Isaac. It would be through Isaac ALONE to whom the Nation would be blessed and fulfilled. Through the Promise, not through the flesh (Abraham had another child (Ishmael) that was his through the flesh, and this promise did not apply to him, Ishmael had his own promise made to him).


Here begins a section by Paul that may be very difficult for many to grasp or agree with.

As we cover this material – please remember that we are dealing with a SINGLE ASPECT of God’s will concerning mankind and Salvation. In this chapter we are dealing with THE SOVEREIGNTY OF ALMIGHTY GOD (He is absolutely Sovereign), and not taking into account the God given free will of man (who has been given the Responsibility of Free Choice in the area of Salvation).

 8That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are (U) children of God, but the (V) children of the promise are regarded as descendants.

Say it again Paul:  8That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are (U) children of God, but the (V )children of the promise are regarded as descendants.”

 9For this is the word of promise: "(W) AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON."

Pay careful attention to the fact that God says, “I will come.” The child that is to be conceived by Abraham and Sarah cannot be accomplished by natural means any longer. The conception can only happen through the supernatural intervention of God Himself by His Holy Spirit and not the FLESH.

The line of ISAAC comes about only through Divine Enablement. Without the direct CALLING, CHOOSING, SETTING APART, AND the ENABLEMENT of the Holy Spirit – There would be No Isaac.

So then are the DESCENDENTS OF ISAAC, those which are CALLED, CHOSEN, SET APART, AND ENABLED to BECOME SONS OF GOD, Supernaturally through the work of the Holy Spirit, and not the FLESH.

 10(X)And not only this, but there was (Y) Rebecca also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac;

God continues His work of choosing out SOME for the accomplishment of His Will (He is Absolutely Sovereign). Paul points to the story of Rebecca, Isaac’s wife.

 11for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that (Z) God's purpose according to His choice would stand, not because of works but because of Him who calls,

Here is revealed perhaps the most important truth concerning human beings and their relationship with God.

Paul reveals to us that in the past, before Rebecca’s twins were even born GOD CHOSE ACCORDING TO HIS PURPOSES (Which have nothing to do with the person’s GOODNESS or BADNESS).

The last sentence is definitive – THE CALLING IS BECAUSE OF HIM WHO CALLS.

 12it was said to her, "(AA) THE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER."

God SAID… “the older will serve the younger.” Why we ask. Paul says the only answer is GOD CALLED JACOB! God did not call Esau. God’s calling is absolute and is not based upon the character or performance of the individual (called or not called).

 13Just as it is written, "(AB) JACOB I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED."

Be aware that the wording here is by translation and should only indicate the contrast by which the process occurs. God Loved Jacob, God did not Love Esau, God Called Jacob, God did not Call Esau. Both persons are part of God’s beloved creation. Both persons are of equal value. But, Jacob is Called because it is God who called him. Esau is not called, because it is God who did not call him.

 14(AC) What shall we say then? (AD) There is no injustice with God, is there? (AE) May it never be!

ARBITRARY, UNFAIR, DESPOTIC, ….
No, not at all. God is LOVE, God is KIND, God is LIGHT, God is MERCY, God is GRACE. The CALLING of God is not a MORAL Act. It’s not about right or wrong, good or bad, worthy or unworthy, more or less value. It is only about God’s SOVEREIGNTY and His ABSOLUTE RIGHT TO ACCOMPLISH HIS WILL.

If you charge God with injustice – then you set yourself up as God and attempt to judge him. He is God, He is Almighty, He is Love, He is Graceful, He has unending mercy – and who are you? You created creature, willful, disobedient, full of hate, full of malice. Who would want you to choose?

 15For He says to Moses, "(AF) I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION."

 16So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who (AG) runs, but on (AH) God who has mercy.

The Will of God and the Mercy of God DOES NOT DEPEND ON MAN.

 17For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "(AI) FOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH."

 18So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He (AJ) hardens whom He desires.

“THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGH THE WHOLE EARTH”

 19(AK)You will say to me then, "(AL) Why does He still find fault? For (AM) who resists His will?"

 20On the contrary, who are you, (AN) O man, who (AO) answers back to God? (AP) The thing molded will not say to the molder, "Why did you make me like this," will it?

 21Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?

These three verses should set us back into our right places before God. “Who answers back to God?” What right do you have to question the Knowledge and Will of The Almighty God of the Universe?

 22What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much (AQ) patience vessels of wrath (AR) prepared for destruction?

The question is asked, what if God – who has every reason in the world to be wrathful against mankind – endures some that were prepared for destruction?

Did you get that, what if all the vessels were created for wrath and God chose SOME for BLESSING and not wrath? What if all of God’s human creation was created for destruction, to demonstrate the Glory and Power of The Almighty God of the Universe, and to further creation’s understanding of just what kind of a God He is – He chose SOME (unworthy, unwashed, dirty, evil, desperately wicked) for BLESSING. That GOD would get the Glory for doing so!

 23And He did so to make known (AS) the riches of His glory upon (AT) vessels of mercy, which He (AU) prepared beforehand for glory,

 24even us, whom He also (AV) called, (AW) not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles.

 25As He says also in Hosea,
         "
(AX) I WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, 'MY PEOPLE,'
         AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, 'BELOVED.'"
    
26"(AY) AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, 'YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,'
         THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF
(AZ) THE LIVING GOD."

While these verses demonstrate the Will of God and how it is administered on earth – there is also the clear teaching that GOD WOULD CHOOSE FROM NOT ONLY ISRAEL, BUT FROM THOSE APART FROM THE OLD COVENANT TO BE CALLED “SONS OF THE LIVING GOD.”

 27Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, "(BA) THOUGH THE NUMBER OF THE SONS OF ISRAEL BE (BB) LIKE THE SAND OF THE SEA, IT IS (BC) THE REMNANT THAT WILL BE SAVED;

KEY WORD: The REMNANT
Those who before the foundations of the world were chosen to be the inheritance of God – chosen out from all that had been prepared for wrath to demonstrate His love and Glory for those who would believe.

 28(BD)FOR THE LORD WILL EXECUTE HIS WORD ON THE EARTH, THOROUGHLY AND QUICKLY."

 29And just as Isaiah foretold,
         "
(BE) UNLESS (BF) THE LORD OF SABBATH HAD LEFT TO US A POSTERITY,
         
(BG) WE WOULD HAVE BECOME LIKE SODOM, AND WOULD HAVE RESEMBLED GOMORRAH."

Apart from God’s choosing out SOME there would be no Posterity, no Inheritance, all people would never have the opportunity presented to them to be possessed by the Holy Spirit of God, and become members of the Family of God, Son’s of God. Without the Holy Spirit living in SOME the whole world would become like Sodom and Gomorrah.

 30(BH) What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even (BI) the righteousness which is by faith;

 31but Israel, (BJ) pursuing a law of righteousness, did not (BK) arrive at that law.

 32Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works.

From the very beginning God made it clear that it was He that is sovereign and not man. He made it clear that if there was a salvation to be found, it would be found only in Him.

The Jews had the greatest opportunity to know God and desire Him. But, Instead, they decided to worship the Law instead of the Law Giver, Creation rather than Creator. ANYTHING BUT JESUS!

“They stumbled over (BL) the stumbling stone,

 33just as it is written,
         "
(BM) BEHOLD, I LAY IN ZION (BN) A STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE,
         
(BO) AND HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM (BP) WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED."

This couldn’t be any clearer or plainer. In Jerusalem, on the Holy Mount, at the place of the Cross, God placed “a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.” It would take the combination of the Heart wanting God, and the Indwelling Holy Spirit, to not trip over the Stone of Stumbling. But as we have heard all our lives, the Spirit is willing, but the Flesh is weak. Stumble, stumble, stumble.

“BUT – HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED!”


Cross references:

  1. Romans 9:1 : 2 Cor 11:10; Gal 1:20; 1 Tim 2:7

  2. Romans 9:3 : Ex 32:32

  3. Romans 9:3 : 1 Cor 12:3; 16:22; Gal 1:8

  4. Romans 9:3 : Rom 1:3; 11:14; Eph 6:5

  5. Romans 9:4 : Deut 7:6; 14:1; Rom 9:6

  6. Romans 9:4 : Ex 4:22; Rom 8:15

  7. Romans 9:4 : Ex 40:34; 1 Kin 8:11; Ezek 1:28; Heb 9:5

  8. Romans 9:4 : Gen 17:2; Deut 29:14; Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Eph 2:12

  9. Romans 9:4 : Deut 4:13; Ps 147:19

  10. Romans 9:4 : Heb 9:1, 6

  11. Romans 9:4 : Acts 2:39; 13:32; Eph 2:12

  12. Romans 9:5 : Acts 3:13; Rom 11:28

  13. Romans 9:5 : Matt 1:1-16; Rom 1:3

  14. Romans 9:5 : Col 1:16-19

  15. Romans 9:5 : John 1:1

  16. Romans 9:5 : Rom 1:25

  17. Romans 9:6 : Num 23:19

  18. Romans 9:6 : John 1:47; Rom 2:28; Gal 6:16

  19. Romans 9:7 : John 8:33, 39; Gal 4:23

  20. Romans 9:7 : Gen 21:12; Heb 11:18

  21. Romans 9:8 : Rom 8:14

  22. Romans 9:8 : Rom 4:13, 16; Gal 3:29; 4:28; Heb 11:11

  23. Romans 9:9 : Gen 18:10

  24. Romans 9:10 : Rom 5:3

  25. Romans 9:10 : Gen 25:21

  26. Romans 9:11 : Rom 4:17; 8:28

  27. Romans 9:12 : Gen 25:23

  28. Romans 9:13 : Mal 1:2

  29. Romans 9:14 : Rom 3:5

  30. Romans 9:14 : 2 Chr 19:7; Rom 2:11

  31. Romans 9:14 : Luke 20:16

  32. Romans 9:15 : Ex 33:19

  33. Romans 9:16 : Gal 2:2

  34. Romans 9:16 : Eph 2:8

  35. Romans 9:17 : Ex 9:16

  36. Romans 9:18 : Ex 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:20, 27; 11:10; 14:4, 17; Deut 2:30; Josh 11:20; John 12:40; Rom 11:7, 25

  37. Romans 9:19 : Rom 11:19; 1 Cor 15:35; James 2:18

  38. Romans 9:19 : Rom 3:7

  39. Romans 9:19 : 2 Chr 20:6; Job 9:12; Dan 4:35

  40. Romans 9:20 : Rom 2:1

  41. Romans 9:20 : Job 33:13

  42. Romans 9:20 : Is 29:16; 45:9; 64:8; Jer 18:6; Rom 9:22; 2 Tim 2:20

  43. Romans 9:22 : Rom 2:4

  44. Romans 9:22 : Prov 16:4; 1 Pet 2:8

  45. Romans 9:23 : Rom 2:4; Eph 3:16

  46. Romans 9:23 : Acts 9:15

  47. Romans 9:23 : Rom 8:29

  48. Romans 9:24 : Rom 8:28

  49. Romans 9:24 : Rom 3:29

  50. Romans 9:25 : Hos 2:23; 1 Pet 2:10

  51. Romans 9:26 : Hos 1:10

  52. Romans 9:26 : Matt 16:16

  53. Romans 9:27 : Is 10:22

  54. Romans 9:27 : Gen 22:17; Hos 1:10

  55. Romans 9:27 : Rom 11:5

  56. Romans 9:28 : Is 10:23

  57. Romans 9:29 : Is 1:9

  58. Romans 9:29 : James 5:4

  59. Romans 9:29 : Deut 29:23; Is 13:19; Jer 49:18; 50:40; Amos 4:11

  60. Romans 9:30 : Rom 9:14

  61. Romans 9:30 : Rom 1:17; 3:21; 10:6; Gal 2:16; 3:24; Phil 3:9; Heb 11:7

  62. Romans 9:31 : Is 51:1; Rom 9:30; 10:2, 20; 11:7

  63. Romans 9:31 : Gal 5:4

  64. Romans 9:32 : Is 8:14; 1 Pet 2:6, 8

  65. Romans 9:33 : Is 28:16

  66. Romans 9:33 : Is 8:14

  67. Romans 9:33 : Rom 10:11

  68. Romans 9:33 : Rom 5:5

 

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2012-11-21