THE BOOK OF ROMANS
J. Deering, AncientPath.net
ROMANS CHAPTER 9
1(A) I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit,
Paul makes an appeal, calling upon two members of the Trinity, as testimony to the truth of his statements. This may sound like a “swear” clause but in fact Paul is just stating that the knowledge he has if directly from Christ and that the Indwelling Holy Spirit of God testifies to him concerning these truths.
This ought to be the way all believers bring testimony of the actions and beliefs of their lives. First, that it is the teaching of Jesus, and Second, that God’s Indwelling Holy Spirit gives testimony to us that we are following the teaching of Jesus. Let no action or word from our mouths be a lie.
2that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart.
What in your life gives you unceasing grief in your heart? Marriage, children, family, church, etc. Paul’s deepest concern, the one that gave him constant pain, was the unbelieving state of the Nation of Israel.
How is our attitude and conscience concerning the unbelief of so many in our own country, in our own state, in our own town or neighborhood?
Seeing Paul’s words should sensitize us to the need to be people of sorrow and unceasing Grief in our hearts – for those who do not believe.
Continuing on the same theme … Do you wish you were going to hell in the place of your fellow countrymen? This is where Paul’s heart was.
Here’s Paul’s list of those things that should belong to the nation of Israel:
The Adoption as sons (Israel failed – the Adoption was given over to the Body of Christ)
The Glory (Israel failed – the Glory of being “of God” was given over)
The Covenants (Israel failed – A New Covenant was made, and not to Israel)
The Giving of the Law (Israel failed – The penalty of the law was done away with In Christ’s Sacrifice)
The Temple Service – (Israel failed – no more ruling priesthood, now every believer becomes a priest with immediate access to the throne)
The Promises – (Israel failed – The promises of God have been set-aside and new promises made to the Body of Christ)
The Prophets of God came from Israel.
Jesus The Christ came from Israel (according to his flesh) (He came from God, according to His Spirit).
It is this Jesus from Israel who is (the power) over all!
It is this Jesus from Israel who is God Blessed forever (ancient use and context dictate the blessing is applied to Jesus, not God the Father, or Israel in this verse).
AMEN. (Greek word Aymen – means truly, or it is the truth. Jesus often said, “Truly, truly,” the phrase is Amen, Amen).
The answer to this conundrum (Israel blessed / seemingly not blessed) is to be found by properly seeing the relationship between God and ISAAC. Isaac is not just any son – he is the son of “The Promise” of God. The promise was given to the faithful, believing relationship of Isaac, not to his physical descendants.
Abraham, the Father of the Jewish/Hebrew nation, was a friend of God. But the Object of the Promise, was not given to Abraham but to Isaac. It would be through Isaac ALONE to whom the Nation would be blessed and fulfilled. Through the Promise, not through the flesh (Abraham had another child (Ishmael) that was his through the flesh, and this promise did not apply to him, Ishmael had his own promise made to him).
Here begins a section by Paul that may be very difficult for many to grasp or agree with.
As we cover this material – please remember that we are dealing with a SINGLE ASPECT of God’s will concerning mankind and Salvation. In this chapter we are dealing with THE SOVEREIGNTY OF ALMIGHTY GOD (He is absolutely Sovereign), and not taking into account the God given free will of man (who has been given the Responsibility of Free Choice in the area of Salvation).
9For this is the word of promise: "(W) AT THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON."
Pay careful attention to the fact that God says, “I will come.” The child that is to be conceived by Abraham and Sarah cannot be accomplished by natural means any longer. The conception can only happen through the supernatural intervention of God Himself by His Holy Spirit and not the FLESH.
The line of ISAAC comes about only through Divine Enablement. Without the direct CALLING, CHOOSING, SETTING APART, AND the ENABLEMENT of the Holy Spirit – There would be No Isaac.
So then are the DESCENDENTS OF ISAAC, those which are CALLED, CHOSEN, SET APART, AND ENABLED to BECOME SONS OF GOD, Supernaturally through the work of the Holy Spirit, and not the FLESH.
God continues His work of choosing out SOME for the accomplishment of His Will (He is Absolutely Sovereign). Paul points to the story of Rebecca, Isaac’s wife.
11for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that (Z) God's purpose according to His choice would stand, not because of works but because of Him who calls,
Here is revealed perhaps the most important truth concerning human beings and their relationship with God.
Paul reveals to us that in the past, before Rebecca’s twins were even born GOD CHOSE ACCORDING TO HIS PURPOSES (Which have nothing to do with the person’s GOODNESS or BADNESS).
The last sentence is definitive – THE CALLING IS BECAUSE OF HIM WHO CALLS.
12it was said to her, "(AA) THE OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER."
God SAID… “the older will serve the younger.” Why we ask. Paul says the only answer is GOD CALLED JACOB! God did not call Esau. God’s calling is absolute and is not based upon the character or performance of the individual (called or not called).
13Just as it is written, "(AB) JACOB I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED."
Be aware that the wording here is by translation and should only indicate the contrast by which the process occurs. God Loved Jacob, God did not Love Esau, God Called Jacob, God did not Call Esau. Both persons are part of God’s beloved creation. Both persons are of equal value. But, Jacob is Called because it is God who called him. Esau is not called, because it is God who did not call him.
ARBITRARY, UNFAIR, DESPOTIC, ….
No, not at all. God is LOVE, God is KIND, God is LIGHT, God is MERCY, God is GRACE. The CALLING of God is not a MORAL Act. It’s not about right or wrong, good or bad, worthy or unworthy, more or less value. It is only about God’s SOVEREIGNTY and His ABSOLUTE RIGHT TO ACCOMPLISH HIS WILL.
If you charge God with injustice – then you set yourself up as God and attempt to judge him. He is God, He is Almighty, He is Love, He is Graceful, He has unending mercy – and who are you? You created creature, willful, disobedient, full of hate, full of malice. Who would want you to choose?
15For He says to Moses, "(AF) I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION."
The Will of God and the Mercy of God DOES NOT DEPEND ON MAN.
17For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "(AI) FOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH."
18So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He (AJ) hardens whom He desires.
“THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGH THE WHOLE EARTH”
21Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for common use?
These three verses should set us back into our right places before God. “Who answers back to God?” What right do you have to question the Knowledge and Will of The Almighty God of the Universe?
The question is asked, what if God – who has every reason in the world to be wrathful against mankind – endures some that were prepared for destruction?
Did you get that, what if all the vessels were created for wrath and God chose SOME for BLESSING and not wrath? What if all of God’s human creation was created for destruction, to demonstrate the Glory and Power of The Almighty God of the Universe, and to further creation’s understanding of just what kind of a God He is – He chose SOME (unworthy, unwashed, dirty, evil, desperately wicked) for BLESSING. That GOD would get the Glory for doing so!
He says also in Hosea,
"(AX) I WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, 'MY PEOPLE,'
AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, 'BELOVED.'"
26"(AY) AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, 'YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,'
THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF (AZ) THE LIVING GOD."
While these verses demonstrate the Will of God and how it is administered on earth – there is also the clear teaching that GOD WOULD CHOOSE FROM NOT ONLY ISRAEL, BUT FROM THOSE APART FROM THE OLD COVENANT TO BE CALLED “SONS OF THE LIVING GOD.”
WORD: The REMNANT
Those who before the foundations of the world were chosen to be the inheritance of God – chosen out from all that had been prepared for wrath to demonstrate His love and Glory for those who would believe.
28(BD)FOR THE LORD WILL EXECUTE HIS WORD ON THE EARTH, THOROUGHLY AND QUICKLY."
Apart from God’s choosing out SOME there would be no Posterity, no Inheritance, all people would never have the opportunity presented to them to be possessed by the Holy Spirit of God, and become members of the Family of God, Son’s of God. Without the Holy Spirit living in SOME the whole world would become like Sodom and Gomorrah.
32Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as though it were by works.
From the very beginning God made it clear that it was He that is sovereign and not man. He made it clear that if there was a salvation to be found, it would be found only in Him.
The Jews had the greatest opportunity to know God and desire Him. But, Instead, they decided to worship the Law instead of the Law Giver, Creation rather than Creator. ANYTHING BUT JESUS!
“They stumbled over (BL) the stumbling stone,
This couldn’t be any clearer or plainer. In Jerusalem, on the Holy Mount, at the place of the Cross, God placed “a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.” It would take the combination of the Heart wanting God, and the Indwelling Holy Spirit, to not trip over the Stone of Stumbling. But as we have heard all our lives, the Spirit is willing, but the Flesh is weak. Stumble, stumble, stumble.
“BUT – HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED!”
Romans 9:1 : 2 Cor 11:10; Gal 1:20; 1 Tim 2:7
Romans 9:3 : Ex 32:32
Romans 9:3 : 1 Cor 12:3; 16:22; Gal 1:8
Romans 9:3 : Rom 1:3; 11:14; Eph 6:5
Romans 9:4 : Deut 7:6; 14:1; Rom 9:6
Romans 9:4 : Ex 4:22; Rom 8:15
Romans 9:4 : Ex 40:34; 1 Kin 8:11; Ezek 1:28; Heb 9:5
Romans 9:4 : Gen 17:2; Deut 29:14; Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Eph 2:12
Romans 9:4 : Deut 4:13; Ps 147:19
Romans 9:4 : Heb 9:1, 6
Romans 9:4 : Acts 2:39; 13:32; Eph 2:12
Romans 9:5 : Acts 3:13; Rom 11:28
Romans 9:5 : Matt 1:1-16; Rom 1:3
Romans 9:5 : Col 1:16-19
Romans 9:5 : John 1:1
Romans 9:5 : Rom 1:25
Romans 9:6 : Num 23:19
Romans 9:6 : John 1:47; Rom 2:28; Gal 6:16
Romans 9:7 : John 8:33, 39; Gal 4:23
Romans 9:7 : Gen 21:12; Heb 11:18
Romans 9:8 : Rom 8:14
Romans 9:8 : Rom 4:13, 16; Gal 3:29; 4:28; Heb 11:11
Romans 9:9 : Gen 18:10
Romans 9:10 : Rom 5:3
Romans 9:10 : Gen 25:21
Romans 9:11 : Rom 4:17; 8:28
Romans 9:12 : Gen 25:23
Romans 9:13 : Mal 1:2
Romans 9:14 : Rom 3:5
Romans 9:14 : 2 Chr 19:7; Rom 2:11
Romans 9:14 : Luke 20:16
Romans 9:15 : Ex 33:19
Romans 9:16 : Gal 2:2
Romans 9:16 : Eph 2:8
Romans 9:17 : Ex 9:16
Romans 9:18 : Ex 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:20, 27; 11:10; 14:4, 17; Deut 2:30; Josh 11:20; John 12:40; Rom 11:7, 25
Romans 9:19 : Rom 11:19; 1 Cor 15:35; James 2:18
Romans 9:19 : Rom 3:7
Romans 9:19 : 2 Chr 20:6; Job 9:12; Dan 4:35
Romans 9:20 : Rom 2:1
Romans 9:20 : Job 33:13
Romans 9:20 : Is 29:16; 45:9; 64:8; Jer 18:6; Rom 9:22; 2 Tim 2:20
Romans 9:22 : Rom 2:4
Romans 9:22 : Prov 16:4; 1 Pet 2:8
Romans 9:23 : Rom 2:4; Eph 3:16
Romans 9:23 : Acts 9:15
Romans 9:23 : Rom 8:29
Romans 9:24 : Rom 8:28
Romans 9:24 : Rom 3:29
Romans 9:25 : Hos 2:23; 1 Pet 2:10
Romans 9:26 : Hos 1:10
Romans 9:26 : Matt 16:16
Romans 9:27 : Is 10:22
Romans 9:27 : Gen 22:17; Hos 1:10
Romans 9:27 : Rom 11:5
Romans 9:28 : Is 10:23
Romans 9:29 : Is 1:9
Romans 9:29 : James 5:4
Romans 9:29 : Deut 29:23; Is 13:19; Jer 49:18; 50:40; Amos 4:11
Romans 9:30 : Rom 9:14
Romans 9:30 : Rom 1:17; 3:21; 10:6; Gal 2:16; 3:24; Phil 3:9; Heb 11:7
Romans 9:31 : Is 51:1; Rom 9:30; 10:2, 20; 11:7
Romans 9:31 : Gal 5:4
Romans 9:32 : Is 8:14; 1 Pet 2:6, 8
Romans 9:33 : Is 28:16
Romans 9:33 : Is 8:14
Romans 9:33 : Rom 10:11
Romans 9:33 : Rom 5:5
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