THE BOOK OF ROMANS
J. Deering, AncientPath.net
ROMANS CHAPTER 8
The easiest way to review the earlier chapters is to sum them up into a single concept.
“The Human Condition Exposed”
Man is found to be Unable to Not Sin.
There are three usual sin theories – but they prove inadequate
Violation of Divine Law
The human condition of being “finite”
The human condition of being “selfish”
The root problem contains all three of these theories, however it speaks directly to the enormity of the offense that each of us present to God our Heavenly Father.
“Sin is that which proves unlike the character of God.” A simple enough statement, but one a person gets a hold on to the depth of this statement – it becomes life changing. While man may be made in the image and likeness of God his heart has been changed with the contamination of self-willed sin. With the fall came man’s changed heart, a heart that demands that each of us become a god (like Him) and have the power over ourselves and others that Jehovah Elohim reserves for Himself. “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?” (Jeremiah 17:9)
The Two Covenants
The First or “Old Covenant” - Genesis 15:8-21
Abraham truly loved God (his obedience and faith was counted to him as righteousness [Genesis 15:6]) and because of this God made Abraham a promise, “To your descendants I have given this land, from the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.” The descendants of Abraham would be forever A People, a Nation, and a Land.
This covenant was attested to by a process or procedure (ritual) that would mark this covenant as both authentic (written in blood – for God requires a blood sacrifice [Hebrews 9:22]) and also present a pattern for a second covenant (the New Covenant) that would be written with the blood of God’s very own Son.
In Gen. 15, God instructs Abraham to bring one item of sacrifice from each of the commanded sacrifice categories (mature heifer, female goat, male ram, turtledove, and a young pigeon). All the sacrifices are represented in this single sacrificial act with the exception of the “Wave” offering.
They were all (except the birds) cut down the middle and each side of each sacrifice was laid opposite the other with a path down the middle. Abraham was put to sleep and he saw a smoking oven and a flaming torch passed down this path between the sacrifices (The Shekina Glory - The pillar of smoke, the pillar of fire [various spellings], often thought of as the visible presence of God). God Himself passed between His commanded sacrifice in order to seal this covenant or promise.
God promised not only the making of the nation of Israel, not only the giving of its land, not only the creation of a great Nation of God, but also promised to remember to forgive their wickedness by way of His commanded sacrifice.
With the institution of the Law God reveals His Requirements for conduct, His ordinances for remembering His Sacrifice, and an itemization of every specific sacrifice for the covering-over of the sins of those who do not unintentionally break His rules for conduct. The law provides the rules, the penalty, and the forgiveness for His people.
The Second – or
The Crucifixion – Matthew 27:33-54
To ALL who believe God has revealed a Second, or New Covenant, that also has three components. A Heavenly land (Heaven itself become the believer’s possession), a People (now individuals of Faith), and a Nation (the community of Faith). This covenant is enacted with the Death of Jesus the Christ. His very own body and life are the SACRIFICE. God is present in this Sacrifice as HIS SON IS GOD. The pattern (or type) of the Old Covenant is here fulfilled in the New Covenant – the Old looking forward to the New. In this Covenant God fulfills His promise to provide an eternal sacrifice to the failure of the New Creatures (Believers) inability to be Just AS holy as God Himself – or to be Just Like Him (until their glorification, in Heaven at the marriage feast of the Lamb).
Biblically speaking (using the Historical-Normal-Literal method of Bible interpretation), the New Covenant does not replace the Old Covenant. Both remain intact. According to Daniel the nation of Israel would be set aside for an undetermined period of time (Daniel 9) (the age of Jesus collecting His Covenantal people – called “the Church”). According to this method of interpreting the bible the Nation of Israel will once again become the center of God’s attention and be the setting and people spoken of in the Tribulation, and Millennium.
Those who choose a non-historical-normal-literal interpretation of the Scriptures have a theology that allows for the REPLACEMENT of the First Covenant with the Second Covenant. They prefer to see the “Church” as a REPLACEMENT (or continuation) of the nation of Israel. These forms of Theology are called Covenant Theology, or Replacement Theology. In their scheme the Church is the centerpiece for the Tribulation and Millennium.
The Law of the Old Covenant (for the Jew)
Requirements of Performance
Ordinances of Ritual
Sacrifices providing Atonement (based in His EVENTUAL Sacrifice)
The Moral Code of the New Covenant (for the Believer)
The Teaching and Writings of the Apostles
Confession and Forgiveness (based in His FINISHED Sacrifice)
“Our Victory In Christ
This is one of the most important, yet most overlooked statements in the New Testament. On the basis of the efficient and effective work of Jesus Christ as a sacrificial offering in our place, every believer is now declared “FREE from CONDEMNATION” by God. With the death and resurrection of His Son, Jesus Christ, those who freely chose Jesus as their Savior – Now stand in the place of being UN-CONDEMNED! Not just for the sin that is carried from one human generation to the next (original sin), not just for the sins of each individuals past, not just for the current and active sins, not for the eventual sins of the future, but for all sin, in all time, always, forever, eternally!
For you, as a believer in Christ Jesus have become infected with God’s “Spirit of Life.” Now that you are “IN” Christ Jesus - you are now, forevermore, FREE from the effects of ALL sin and death, before God your heavenly Father.
Paul notes that the Law was weak, it was not able to conquer sin and evil deeds or to bring any permanent relief or forgiveness for any sin, and certainly not for death (spiritual or physical). But God sent His own son, eternal God in human form, to suffer and die and eternal death, that every individual who chose to believe would acquire salvation, and do so freely. The demands of sin were met in the flesh of Jesus Christ and the condemnation that was to be ours was laid upon Him. He died – that we would go free. God the Father did this for us who believe.
“So that,” God sent His own Son to die on behalf of every person who chooses to believe might have no condemnation… that the requirement of the law “To Love God and only Him,” might be fulfilled in those who believe. This introduces us to a new definition: Those who are In Christ, believers in Jesus Christ, now are defined as “those who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.” Those who seek to fulfill the Law through the works it requires are “Those who walk after the Flesh.” Believers are now occupied with the Spirit of God, and walk after His desires and leading. Those who do not know Christ Jesus have only their Flesh to walk after (it’s desires and leading).
Unbelievers have their minds set on the desires and demands of the flesh. Believers, by definition, are those who the Spirit of God indwells and leads.
Another new definition: Those who do not believe, whose minds are driven by the flesh (as opposed to the Spirit of God) will only reap Death. Those who believe, whose minds are driven by the Holy Spirit o God will, in fact, will be the benefactors of Life and Peace – brought about by the indwelling Holy Spirit of God.
7because the mind set on the flesh is (P) hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the law of God, for it is not even able to do so,
More definitions: The mind of the one who is hostile (unbeliever) toward God and is “set” on the things of the flesh (human things). Because God is not resident within the unbeliever it is not subject to the law of God and can’t be. Only the indwelling Holy Spirit of God can bring subjection to the law of God (subjection to the law of God is not progressive, not something to be learned, but by Paul’s definition (the preceding verses) is acquired through the indwelling of God’s Holy Spirit when the individual believes.
8and those who are (Q) in the flesh cannot please God.
Since the one who has not chosen Jesus Christ as the “savior,” as the only One through whom God’s Holy Spirit can work effectively, there is no way or route to take that will bring pleasure to God. God is looking for individuals who love His son to the extent that the Holy Spirit of God has come to indwell. That is the only person who can please God. God is not pleased with us through our flesh (fleshly activities and desires) but only pleased that we have willingly become ones who are indwelt with His Holy Spirit.
Paul states it again – “You (Believer) are NOT IN THE FLESH, but IN THE SPIRIT.” This is your DEFINITION! – IF the Spirit of Christ, the Holy Spirit of God, indwells you. NO SPIRIT – God does not belong to you, YES SPIRIT – God belongs to you.
10(U) If Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of righteousness.
If you are IN-CHRIST, though you inhabit a sinful, and therefore DEAD body (as far as God is concerned) – because of the RIGHTEOUSNESS of God in providing His Son as Savior (remembering you are IN-CHRIST) applies to YOU, and His Spirit is living IN AND THROUGH you.
11But if the Spirit of Him who (V) raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, (W) He who raised (X) Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [a] through His Spirit who dwells in you.
Said another way… “Because the Spirit of God dwells in you, He will give your abundant LIFE through Him!”
12So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh--
THEREFORE, YOU ARE UNDER OBLIGATION TO THE LIVING HOLY SPIRIT OF GOD – and not to your flesh.
Three tenses of Salvation:
PAST – You have been found free from the power of original sin and all sins of the past.
PRESENT – You are being found to be free from the power of every sin of your present.
FUTURE – You will be found to be free from EVERY demand or
consequence of sin FOREVER.
YOU SHALL NOT EVER BE DEAD TO GOD!
But those without the Holy Spirit of God indwelling them (as a result of believing – simple faith – upon His Son, Jesus Christ) THEY ARE ALREADY DEAD – AND WILL BE FOUND TO BE DEAD TO GOD ALWAYS.
Another Definition: IF YOU ARE BEING LED BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD (Indwelling) YOU ARE AN “ADULT SON” OF GOD. As an “Adult Son,” (male or female) you INHERIT the Kingdom of God.
When saved, you became an ADOPTED ADULT SON and you have now every right to call upon The God of the Universe, “Father.”
If you are IN-CHRIST there should be no question as to your inclusion in God’s family. – Two thoughts… 1. God’s Holy Spirit should be demanding that your spirit Love God and be obedient to Him. 2. While you may have doubts concerning your Salvation, especially if you “feel” unworthy you should read, believe, and remember the Scriptures. If you have believed upon Jesus, the Son of God, and you KNOW in your heart that you have willingly and truly done that – then you are SAVED, The Bible says it, and that’s that!
For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.
For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
That if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in you heart that God raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved; for from the heart man believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation.
But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name.
1 John 5:11-13
And the witness is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the son of God does not have the life. These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, in order that you may know that you have eternal life.
Written to believers, Paul’s letter reveals that since we are “Children of God,” the we must be (by definition) heirs of God. Since Jesus the Christ is the “Son of God,” then both He and we share the inheritance of God.
Paul goes on to state that “If indeed we suffer with Him (Jesus)” (1st class conditional use of ina (Greek “if”) rightly translated “Since indeed we suffer with Him.” The end result of being Heirs and Sufferers is that we may (subjunctive mood) “will” be glorified with Him.
“For” seems like an incorrect translation here. Neither our heirship or our sufferings have nothing to do with our own personal works. These things are results of our salvation not works for it. A better translation would be “I consider…” (instead of “For I consider…”)
The glory that the believer is have revealed and to be received at the culmination of our salvation is of so much value, that our sufferings in this life will seem inconsequential.
The giving of such glory to men and women of faith … is what the whole creation eagerly awaits! The next time you don’t feel worthy – consider that all of creation (heaven and earth – all of its inhabitants) are awaiting the moment when the Glory of God is imparted to you while standing in His presence.
The plan of God from the very beginning included a creation that would be subjected, against its will, to futility. How cruel you might say! But no, rather the final outcome, placed into the hands of Jesus the Christ would ultimately mean a freedom from subjection and futility forever. The subjection of all of creation was DONE IN HOPE. Hope – it would be done In Christ – It would be done correctly, efficiently, effectively, and eternally. Eternally free from corruption and subjection to evil and ungodliness.
Note: Hope used here is like the student that always gets “A’s” on their report card. When asked if they will pass, they say, “Yes, I hope to.” This is the hope of the knowledge certainty. “I am hoping in the certainty that this will come to pass.”
21that (AR) the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God.
Not just the believer is destined to be free in every regard in-Christ, but all of creation itself – set free – into the freedom OF THE GLORY OF THE CHILDREN OF GOD. As a believer, YOU (In Christ) ARE THE MAIN EVENT in the HOPE and the SETTING FREE of all creation.
22For we know that the whole creation (AS) groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.
Paul tells us that every were we look and everything we experience points to a broken, hurting and terribly sick world. Importantly, he points out, it is the kind of turmoil and pain that a mother experiences in childbirth. Something much greater and wonderful is to come of this pain and suffering. A whole new creation, a whole new world, and …
23(AT) And not only this, but also we ourselves, having (AU) the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves (AV) groan within ourselves, (AW) waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, (AX) the redemption of our body.
A whole new us, In-Christ.
The presence of the Holy Spirit of God within us has made us aware that the OLD creation, the OLD world, and the OLD MAN within us is in need of a kind of newness that will not fade, rot, tarnish, or rust. As we mature we become more and more sensitized to our need to be ALL NEW IN-CHRIST. We become more and more eager for the finishing of our ADOPTION as ADULT SONS and we become more and more ready for our NEW BODY as we will TURN-IN our old ones.
Don’t miss the beginning of the verse – we ALREADY HAVE the FIRST FRUITS of our salvation IN-CHRIST… The Holy Spirit of God.
In HOPE, in FAITH, in BELIEF – That is the root of Salvation. If God were tangible, If we could see Him, If I could prove my Salvation then it would not be by HOPE, FAITH, OR BELIEF that we come to Him for His Son.
It is this element of having NO PROOF, only evidences that makes our FAITH so pleasant to Him – “Hope that is seen is not hope.”
25But (BA) if we hope for what we do not see, with perseverance we wait eagerly for it.
The very definition of “the perseverance of the Saints.”
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ:
4 According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love:
5 Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will,
6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
8 Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
9 Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself:
10 That in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven, and which are on earth; even in him:
11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:
12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ.
13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
14 Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory.
26In the same way the Spirit also helps our weakness; for (BB) we do not know how to pray as we should, but (BC) the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words; 27and (BD) He who searches the hearts knows what (BE) the mind of the Spirit is, because He (BF) intercedes for the saints according to the will of God.
8:14 reminds us that those who have the Holy Spirit of God indwelling their physical bodies are those who “live according to the Spirit.” Members of this elect group are “Sons of God.” Paul then gives a list of the benefits of being members of this elect group.
· The Spirit grants Freedom – 8:15a
· The Spirit indicates Sonship – 8:15b
· The Spirit testifies Belonging – 8:16
· The Spirit grants Awareness – 8:23
· The Spirit provides Help – 8:26
· The Spirit provides Intercession – 8:27
So then, Verse 26 states “In the same way…” You can see from the list above that being In-Christ brings with it having the Indwelling Holy Spirit of God, and He brings certain benefits as a result. These benefits are PERSONAL to YOU. “In the same way the Spirit also helps OUR WEAKNESS…”
The human mind has the inclination to say, “I am not weak.” “I have the mind of Christ and the Power of God at my disposal.” But while that’s true, it would be good to remember Ephesians Chapter 6, “Submission, and the Armor of God.” You are not strong in yourself – you are only strong In-Christ, when you are in right relationship to Him, and outfitted in the proper armor, and fully submitted to His Spirit and Will.
The person who is in right relationship to the Father, The Son, and The Holy Spirit, knows that “I can do nothing apart from the Power of God, In-Christ.”
Therefore, the Spirit of God plays a powerful role in the believer’s life – if the believer is submitted to Him. The Holy Spirit is able to communicate with the other two persons of God (Father and Son) and ask at the throne of God for your enablement and protection no matter the difficulty. Part of His ministry to hear your inner “groaning’s,” those powerful internal feelings that seem to have no words attached to them, and communicate them efficiently and effectively to God and then at God’s command provides enablement and protection to you, when those inner groanings and desires are “in the will of God.”
God Causes All Things to Work Together for Good to His Beloved Sons
Remembering that Verse :27 ends with the qualification, “in the will of God,” we then are led into this verse which has the qualifications of 1- “those who love God,” 2- “those who are called,” and 3- “according to His purpose.”
God CAUSES ALL THINGS TO WORK TOGETHER FOR GOOD?, “Yes,” but only for those 1- who Love God, 2- are called, 3- are according to His purpose. This is no guarantee of God’s performance toward YOU – unless you are one who falls into the category of “those who walk according to the Spirit,” the “Saved.” The “Saved” individual fits all three of the requirements of this verse.
But the “Saved” individual has oh, so much more!
If you are among the saved you have been foreknown by God. Foreknown to be a child of His.
If you are among the saved you have been predestined – to be conformed to the image of Jesus Christ.
If you are among the saved you have been predestined to be one of a great multitude of those who are being adopted into the family of God as “Adult Sons.”
So predestined to adoption as adult sons, and these he called. Here you should recall the words of Jesus in Matthew 22:14, “For many are called, but few are chosen.” The God has reconciled Himself to the whole world through the one act of His son on the cross, dying for the sin and sins of the human race. But God did not reconcile the world to Him. That is up to each human as an individual, responsible for the revelation they have in finding God and reconciling themselves to Him. In the mystery of the way God works in our lives He reveals that those he predestined to adoption are also those whom He called, Justified, and will glorify.
Cannot Be Separated From The Love of Christ
(Remembering that God the Holy Spirit Lives within us)
It’s similar to the 4th grader who has an older “big” brother in the 8th grade. There will be no nonsense from the other 4th graders. If “big brother” is for us, who can be against Him. If the creator and sustainer of the universe is for us ….
This is one of those verses we read politely and skip onto the next set of verses. But we must STOP here.
– God our heavenly Father, The Great I AM
did not spare His own Son – How easily God the Father could have put the ordeal of His son to and end and prevented
His death. Who are we that God should die for us? We are now His beloved children because of His love for us – above all else, even the death of His son.
but delivered Him over for us all – God’s son didn’t just die on the cross because He was in the wrong place at the wrong time. Galatians 4:4, Ephesians 1:10 – in order that…. Ephesians 3:19
how will He not also God the Father WITH Jesus, God the Son, freely give us all things? – Amazing Grace
It is This God who is the One who sits upon the judgment throne and judges all of creation – He has proclaimed you JUSTIFIED before His Throne. Who would dare to bring charges or seek to indict?
“There is not therefore no condemnation to those who are In Christ Jesus!” (Romans 8:1). Who would dare to stand before the throne of God knowing that the Judge’s own son will come to your aid when charges are read?
Who could possibly undo what God has done? He has loved us with all of His being, all of His power, and all of His family.
as it is written,
"(CH) FOR YOUR SAKE WE ARE BEING PUT TO DEATH ALL DAY LONG;
WE WERE CONSIDERED AS SHEEP TO BE SLAUGHTERED."
THIS IS OUR PLACE, OUR LOT – We are to be considered to be as sheep… to be slaughtered!
How does this fit into the verses above – the verses of protection, love, and security? Only one phrase comes to mind: “I’m His, I’m the child of Almighty God, Brother to the Christ, inheritor of the Kingdom Of God, possessor of Eternal Life In Christ Jesus,” – so what are you going to do about it, kill me?”
Let us make a firm commitment that we will stop whining and complaining about how tough everything is. We are His and He is ours, for all of eternity!
Romans 8:11 One early ms reads because of
Romans 8:20 Or in hope; because the creation
Romans 8:28 One early ms reads all things work together for good
Romans 8:34 One early ms reads raised from the dead
Romans 8:35 Two early mss read God
New American Standard Bible (NASB)
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