Understanding The Bible
Clarence E. Mason's "TYPOLOGY"
"Typology in the book of Exodus and Leviticus"
BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
TYPES AFTER THE TABERNACLE, PRIESTHOOD, AND OFFERINGS
The type of consecration: Lev. 8:1-9:24.
The whole thought of self-consecration is unscriptural and misleading.
We do not consecrate ourselves; we dedicate ourselves, yield ourselves
to our Moses (Christ), who consecrates us. See Scofield note, pp. 135-136
The "strange fire" of Nadab and Abihu, Lev. 10
Substituting self-will for the Word of God, and fleshly expedients for
divine power. (See Scofield, p.138).
Israel's food = a contrastive type.
See Acts 10:11-16; Col. 2:20-23; Rom. l4:14-23.
Leprosy = type of sin. Lev. 13.
See Scofield note, p. 141.
The law of the leper's cleansing, Lev. 14.
Cleansing through the
gospel, Scofield note, p. 1433
Two birds: Christ dead
and raised " " p. l44
Earthen vessel: Christ's
humanity " " p. 144
Running water: Holy Spirit
" " p. 144
- The Day of Atonement (Yom
Kippur), Lev. 16
See notes on pp. 147-148, Scofield. A wonderful type.
- The feasts of Jehovah
(seven), Lev. 23
See full notes, Scofield, pp. 156-158.
TYPES IN (the book of) NUMBERS
- The Nazarite = Christ
the Sinless One, Num. 6. See Scofield note, p. 173.
- The" Murmurers =
Type of God's Avenging Justice, Num. 14; 1 Cor. 10:10
- The Ribband of Blue (Num.
15:37-41) = Type of a heavenly people, Phil. 3:20 (margin)
- The Gainsaying of Korah
= Type of Nicolaitanism (priestly pretensions), Num. 16; Rev. 2:6, 15
- Aaron's Budding Rod =
Type of Christ in resurrection, owned of God as Priest, Num. 17. See Scofield,
- The Red Heifer = Type
of Christ's sacrifice cleansing from daily defilement, Num. 19; Jn. 13;
1 Jn. 1:7, 9. See Scofield note, p.192.
- The Rock, Num. 20; see
Exodus Type #9 and Scofield note, p. 193; 1 Cor. 10:4
- The Brazen Serpent =
A Sinless One bearing our judgment ("lifted up"), Num. 21:1-9;
Jn. 3:14-16; 2 Cor. 5:21. See Scofield note, p. 195.
- The Star and Scepter =
Christ the coming King, 24:17, 19
Star = scepter (i.e., King). A prophecy, but in typical form. See
- The World-Borderers =
A type of carnal Christians, not content with what God has provided, Num.
32; Phil. 3:19; Col. 2:20-3:5 ("mind earthly things"). See Scofield,
- The Cities of Refuge =
Christ our Shelter from vengeance, Num 35. See Scofield, p. 213.
TYPES IN DEUTERONOMY
(Already dealt with in previous books of Pentateuch)
TYPES IN JOSHUA
- Joshua = Type of Christ
our Captain and Victor, Josh. 4:13-15; 6:5. See Scofield note, pp. 259,
- The World-Borderers
(see Numbers Type #10) = Type of carnal Christian, Josh. 1:10-18.
- The Scarlet Line of Rahab
(Josh. 2:21; 6:17) = Type of safety through sacrifice. See Scofield note,
- The Passage of Jordan =
Type of our death with Christ, Joshua 3
Not that sin (old nature) is dead, but "counted dead" as a judicial
fact in our position in Christ (who died), and thus we experience release,
- The Two Memorials =
A double type, Christ's death (deluged by waters of God's wrath) and our
resultant deliverance, Joshua 4. See Scofield note, p. 262.
- Circumcision in Canaan
= Type of repudiation of a sinful past, Josh. 5:2, 9. See Scofield note,
- The Supernatural Victory
at Jericho = Type of how spiritual victories are won, Joshua 6; Eph:
6:12. See Scofield note, p. 264
- The Sin of Achan =
Type of effect of each believer upon others in body of Christ, Joshua 7;
1 Cor. 12:12-l4, 26. See Scofield note, p. 265.
TYPES IN JUDGES
Although there are numerous spiritual lessons, and although each
of the judges in general pictures Christ as Deliverer of His people from their
sins (and sins' effects, Mt. l:21), there seems to be but one clear type -- that
of Gideon in Judges 7.
Gideon's pitchers, with torch within, broken at a shout, with
light shining forth picture our fragile earthly vessels (bodies) in which God
now dwells (the glory within), being broken at the "shout" of Christ at His
return, causing the presently hidden glory within us to shine forth, climaxing
God's victory over all enemies, including the final enemy, death. See 2 Cor.
4:7; 5:1; 4:17-18: Col. 1:27; 1 Thes. 4:16; 1 Cor. 15:26, 49.
TYPES IN RUTH (See Scofield)
THE REMAINDER OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
Although there are countless spiritual lessons, and numerous prophecies of
Christ in the remaining Old Testament books, nevertheless clear types are rare.
Possibly there are more than those listed here, but these are chief types:
- David = Type of his
greater Son, who likewise gains a Kingdom by warfare. See 2 Sam. 8:15; Ezk.
37:24; Ps. 89:19-20; Rev. 19:11-20; Phil. 2:9.
- Solomon = Type of Christ
(1) In Millennial rest, 1 Ki. 5:4.
(2) In His priestly function, 1 Ki. 8 - Sacrificing (Past) & Praying
(Present) & Blessing (Future)
- The Temple = Type of
Christ in His beauty (the composite of a marvelous combination of beautiful
materials), 1 Ki. 6:1, 38; Jn. 2:19, 21. - Another view, Scofield note,
- The Stone Rejected of the
Builders = Type of Christ: Rejected by Israel's leaders, "builders,"
stumbled over by Israel generally. Stood upon and providing safety for those
who believe. Precious to God and believers. The foundation of the Church.
The smiting and grinding Stone ( judgment upon unbelieving Gentile powers
and apostate Jews. Ps. 118:22; Isa. 28:16; Dan. 2:34, 45; Zech. 7:14; Mt.
7:24-25; 21:42-44; Acts 4:11; Eph. 2:20; Rom. 9:22, 33; 1 Cor. 1:23; 3:10-11;
Mt. 16:18, 16, 20-21; 1 Pet. 2:8. (see Scofield note there).
- The Song of Solomon (Solomon
as both Shepherd and King) = Type of Christ as same; and his wife a
type of the Church, Jn. 10:ll, l8; Mt. 2:2; Eph. 5:30-32.
(See class notes on Song of Solomon)
- The Branch = Type of
Christ in His humanity; David's Son (in various aspects), Isa. 4:2; Ps.
110; Mt. 22:45. See Scofield note, P. 716.
- The Root = Type of
Christ in His Deity, David's Lord, Isa. 11:10; Ps. 110; Mt. 22:44.
- The Vine = Type of
Christ the True Vine, Isa. 5; Jn. 15.
- Eliakim = Type of Christ
the Secure King (against whom no uprising avails), Isa. 22:20-25; Rev. 3:7;
- The Olive Tree = Type
of Christ the One who fulfils the Abrahamic Covenant to the Gentiles, --
Christ the Fruitful Son, Jer. 11:16; Rom, ll:l7-24; Gal. 3:l6, 28, 29; Lk.
- Jeremiah = Type of
Christ the Man of Sorrows, Lam. 1:12; 3:l8; Jer. 17:17; Isa. 53:3; Jn. 11:35,
38; Lk. 13:34-35; 19:41-42.
- The Four Living Creatures
= Type of Christ in the Gospels in the four aspects of King (Mt. - lion);
of Servant (Mk. - ox); of Man (Lk. - man); of Son of God (Jn. - eagle);
- Jonah = Type of Christ
in Tomb and Resurrection, and His Resurrection ministry to the Gentiles,
Jonah 1:17; 3; Mt. 12:40; see Scofield on Jonah and Matthew passages.
- Zerubbabel = Type of
Christ as "Finisher" of the Temple of Faith, Zech. 4:7-9, with
- Joshua = Type of Christ,
a Priest upon His throne, Zech. 6:9-13; Heb. 7:2-3.
- The Sun of Righteousness
= Christ the Coming Healer and Hurter of Men, Mal. 4:1-2; 1 Thess. 1:10;
5:9; 2 Thes. 1:6-7.
"Even so, come. Lord Jesus!"