Clarence E. Mason's "Soteriology"
BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SUBJECT
- The first word of John the
Baptist was repent (Mt. 3:1-2).
- Jesus began His ministry
with the call to repentance (Mt. 4:17).
- When Christ commissioned
the disciples after the resurrection, He told them that men should repent
- On the Day of Pentecost Peter
used the word "repent" (Acts 2:38).
- The doctrine of repentance
was prominent in Paul's teaching (Acts 20:21).
- God's command to all men
everywhere is that they should repent (2 Pet. 3:9; Acts 17:30).
- Failure to heed God's call
to repentance means that the sinner will perish (Lk. 13:3).
- THE MEANING OP THE WORD
- A. Old Testament words
- Nacham - to be comforted
or eased by penitence. The primary meaning of the word is to pant,
to sigh, to groan, to lament, to grieve about one's doing (Gen. 6:6;
- Shub - to turn back (1
Ki. 8:47; Ezk. 14:6; 18:30).
- New Testament word
Metanoia - to change the mind or have the mind of another (Lk. 5:32).
- THE NATURE OF REPENTANCE
- Repentance involves the intellect.
Mt. 21:29; Lk. 15:18; 18:13; Acts 2:36-40
- Repentance touches the emotions.
- There is a sorrow for
Feelings play a real part in true godly repentance (2 Cor. 7:6-11).
Godly sorrow is not repentance. Godly sorrow will produce repentance
(v.10). In this verse repentance means "to be a care to one afterwards,
" "to cause one great concern."
Luke 18:13, "the publican beat his breast, " indicating
sorrow of heart.
Psalm 38:18, "I will declare my iniquity. I will be sorry for
my sin. " All true repentance is accompanied by heart emotion,
even though it is not visible.
"Remorse is sorrow for the consequences of sin, but repentance
condemns the sin which brought the consequences. Tears are in the
eyes of repentance, confession is on its lips. God's mind about sin
is in its thoughts, walking from sin is its way, brokenness is in
its heart, taking hold of Christ are its hands, and humbleness of
manner is its attitude."
E. H. Bancroft, Elemental Theology, p. 191
- There is a hatred of
Psalm 97:10, "Ye that love the Lord, hate evil."
- Repentance includes the will.
Repentance involves the formation of a new purpose with reference to sin
and God's will (Lk. 15:18-20).
Repentance is not only a heart broken FOR sin, but FROM sin as well. We
must forsake what we would have God forgive (Prov. 28:13).
The will and the intellect are closely associated. A real change of mind
towards God and sin also necessitates a real purpose respecting them.
- THE MANIFESTATION OF REPENTANCE
- By confession of sin to God.
Ps. 38:18; 32:3-5; Lk. 15:21;Jas. 5:16; Mt. 5:23-24
- In forsaking of sin (Isa.
- In turning unto God (1 Thes.
- THE SOURCE OF REPENTANCE
- A. It is through the working
Mt. 12:41, cp. Jn. 1:1-2; Acts 5:30-31; 11:18; 2 Tim. 2:25
- It is through the Word of
Acts 2:37-38,41; 2 Tim. 2:24-25; Jn. 3:5-10
- The goodness of God brings
- Through reproof and chastisement.
Rev. 3:19; Heb. 12:6,10-11
- Through a brother's reproof.
2 Tim. 2:24-25; Gal. 6:1
- THE RESULTS OF REPENTANCE
- Joy in heaven.
Lk. 15:7,10; 2 Pet. 3:9
- Pardon and forgiveness.
- Reception of the Holy Spirit.
- Seasons of refreshing from
Repentance is that work of God which results in a change of mind in respect
of man's relations to God. It is neither sorrow nor penitence, though penitent
sorrow may produce repentance, and it is always an element in saving faith.
(Some have described it as the negative aspect of saving faith.).
200 Manor Avenue
Langhorne, PA 19047
United States of America
Notes" Study materials on this website are made available
here free, through the generosity of Cairn University,
and may be copied for use in Bible study groups, in limited numbers, providing
that no charge is made for them. No further distribution or use
of these materials is allowable under U.S. or International Copyright
Law without the express permission of Cairn University.