Clarence E. Mason's "Soteriology"
BY THE AUTHOR
Dr. Clarence E. Mason, Jr.
Philadelphia College of Bible
- THE MEANING OF THE WORD
- Old Testament words are incorrectly
- In the Old Testament
the word kaphar is translated "reconcile, " "reconciling,
" and "make reconciliation" in the following passages:
Lev. 6:30; 8:15; 16:20
This word should be rendered "atonement" in each instance.
- In 1 Samuel 29:4, the
word "reconcile" should be "made an offering."
- In 2 Chronicles 29:24,
"reconciliation" should be translated "made an offering."
Neither 1 Samuel 29:4 nor 2 Chronicles 29:24 have any connection with
the Biblical doctrine of reconciliation.
- The doctrine of reconciliation
therefore disappears from the explicit teaching of the Old Testament,
though undoubtedly it is implied.
- New Testament words are definitive.
- Katallasso means "to
Rom. 5:10-11; 1 Cor. 7:11; 2 Cor. 5:18; Eph. 2:16; Col. 1:20-21
- In Hebrews 2:17 the word
is hilaskomai. It should be translated "propitiation" rather
- EXPLANATORY REMARKS
- Reconciliation is never used
of God. He is immutable. He is not at enmity and does not need to be reconciled.
- Reconciliation is used of
the whole world, 2 Cor. 5:19.
- The need for this universal
adjustment is given in Romans 5:6-11. Men are ungodly (v.6); "while
we were yet sinners" (v.8), "without strength" (v.6),
- By the death of Christ
on behalf of the world, the world is thoroughly changed in its relation
to God. The world is so altered in its position (respecting the holy
judgments of God) through the cross of Christ that God is not now
imputing their sin unto them. There seems to be a change in God but
it is rather that God is dealing with the world in the light of what
Christ has done for the world.
- Reconciliation is used of
There are three changes indicated in 2 Corinthians 5:17-20.
- The position of the believer
is now "in Christ" (v. 17).
- The general relationship:
the basis on which salvation is offered to the world or all mankind
- The attitude or trust
of the individual when he accepts the value in the death of Christ
for him (v.20, cp. Mt. 5:24; 1 Cor. 7:11; Eph. 2:16; Col. 1:21).
- Reconciliation means
"to change thoroughly. " Belief in Christ by the sinner
effects this change. Once the sinner disobeyed, neglected, and hated
God; but, seeing God's grace, he becomes the loving obedient child
- THE DEFINITION OF RECONCILIATION
Reconciliation is that work of God through Christ which effects in the believing
sinner a thorough change toward God, from enmity and aversion to love and
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